One of the most common questions I get: “what do I need to put on my resume? And what order should I put it?”
There’s a lot of conflicting info out there about what goes on a resume and how to structure it.
So I’m going to share exactly what to put on a resume, based on my experience as a recruiter.
Let’s get started…
These are 8 key types of information that a resume should include:
Now that you know the 8 main things to include in a resume, let’s look at these sections step-by-step so you’ll know how to write each one… because that’s equally important.
Writing these things in the wrong way isn’t going to help you get any interviews.
At the top of your resume, put your full name and a professional-looking email address.
Your phone number and street address are optional, but for most people, I’d recommend putting it.
If you’re applying for jobs out-of-state, it might make sense to leave your address off.
Now, for formatting and design…
I’d keep it simple and “clean”-looking. No distractions. Not too many fonts and colors. In fact, this is good advice for how to format your whole resume.
Here’s a screenshot of what a simple resume header with your name and contact info might look like:
You can add a bit more in terms of design, but don’t go overboard.
This is the next section of your resume, and should go right after your name and contact info in most cases.
This is a two or three sentence summary of your qualifications and accomplishments throughout your career (or throughout your education if you just graduated).
Note: this is not an “objective”. I’d advise against putting an objective on your resume. Hiring managers know your objective is to land a job in their industry that will utilize your skills, etc.
So put a summary paragraph instead.
If you need help writing this paragraph, here’s an article filled with great resume summary examples.
If you have held any previous jobs (including internships!), this is where to put it. And it’s one of the first things a hiring manager wants to see on your resume…
So it should be on the top half of the first page – visible without scrolling down.
Overall, you should put it in chronological order (most recent first), and list job titles, company names, dates (you can choose to put just years, or month and year you started and ended each job – just stay consistent).
And then of course, put bullets highlighting what you did in each job. I’d suggest 4-8 bullet points per job.
In these bullet points, don’t just talk about job duties; talk about what you actually accomplished. There’s a big difference.
Here’s an example…
Rather than saying, “responsible for managing 5 sales associates”… try to say something like, “successfully led 5 sales associates to achieve 139% of team sales goals for Fiscal Year 2017.”
The image above is an example of a resume Employment History section with accomplishment-driven bullets.
If you want more help, here’s an article with more resume employment history examples.
This is the next big section to put on your resume.
You might be tempted to put it before your Employment History… and people might have even told you to do this. But the only time I think it makes sense to list Skills first is if you have absolutely no work experience.
Here’s why… Hiring managers don’t want to see a long list of skills without being able to see WHERE you learned/used each skill (and how recently you used them).
This is why they’re much more likely to scan your resume for your Employment History section. And that’s why we put it higher up!
Skills should come after that.
In your Skills section, you can put a list of your top skills that are relevant to the job you’re applying for, and you can even put them under a few headers/categories if you think it makes sense for your job and industry.
There’s no “magic” number of skills to put. Some people might only need 3-10; others might put 20. It really depends on how long you’ve been working and what field of work you’re in.
Make sure you think about what’s relevant for the job though; don’t just list a bunch of skills that won’t help you in their job.
And think about keywords too – this is a great place to put keywords on your resume so you can get past online job application systems.
Put the name of your school(s), your field of study, and graduation date – unless you feel your graduation date will leave you open to age discrimination on your resume. If you graduated a long time ago, feel free to leave the dates off.
You can also put your GPA in this section. I’d only recommend doing that if it was above 3.0/4. Otherwise, leave it off.
You might be asked about your GPA in the first few years of your career, but you’re very unlikely to be asked about it again after that, so don’t worry if your GPA is below 3.0/4. Just exclude it from your resume.
If you’ve done any volunteer work or helped in your community in other ways, this is where to put it.
You can list the location, dates, and your contribution/work.
If you haven’t done any volunteering or community-related work, don’t worry – just don’t put this section on your resume.
Any time you’ve received awards or other recognition for your accomplishments, you should put it on your resume.
However, you don’t always need a separate section for it. That’s up to you…
If you got an academic award, you can list it under your Education section (beneath your degree, GPA, etc.)
If you received an award or recognition for outstanding performance at a previous job, you can list it as a bullet point or a note underneath that specific job in your Employment History section.
So while awards and achievements are a great thing to include on any resume, they don’t always need their own dedicated section.
Now, if you just graduated and have absolutely no work experience, here’s what I recommend…
(Note that if you even have an internship or part-time job that you’ve worked while going to school, you should use the steps above! Any work experience at all is worth showing on your resume).
However, if you have absolutely ZERO work experience, here’s what to put on your resume…
We’re going to follow the sections outlined above, but move #5 (Education) up to #3… so it will be right below your Summary section.
So it will look like this…
As mentioned earlier, you should put your full name and professional-looking email address.
Your street address and phone number are optional, but for most people, it makes sense to include those too.
The big exception: If you’re trying to get a job in another state. If so, consider leaving the address off.
Even if you have no work experience, you can say something like, “Recent Finance graduate with training in ____ and ____ seeking an opportunity to do ____.”
For more help, read our full article on resume summaries for students and fresh graduates.
If you have no work experience, put more information in your Education section.
Were you involved in any clubs/activities at school?
What were some key projects you completed or coursework you did? (Specifically, key projects that related to the jobs you’re applying for now).
Your resume should take up one full page, even if you have no work experience, and your Education section is a place where you want to provide additional detail to fill out the page.
You can list skills that you learned in your studies or skills you’ve developed on your own.
Only put skills you’re really comfortable talking about and using, because it’s very likely they’ll ask about this in an interview.
If done right, the Skills section can be a powerful tool to help you get more interviews though, for two reasons:
First, it’s a great way to put a lot of relevant keywords onto your resume, so that you get past computerized job application systems.
Second, it’s an easy way to show employers what you know that’s going to help you succeed in their job. Always re-order and re-adjust your Skills section to fit what you think this specific employer wants!
More info on how to do that is coming up, but let’s finish the list first…
Any volunteer work or community service you’ve done. This shows employers that you’re enthusiastic and involved in the community, which can help set you apart (while also filling up your resume).
If you have no work experience, these would likely be academic achievements. Go ahead and list them underneath your Education section.
So don’t put this as a separate section, but do include awards, achievements, and any recognition you received when you write your Education section in Step 3 above.
You now know what to include on a resume, even if you’ve never held a job! Keep reading though, because next – we’re going to look at mistakes to avoid.
Now we’ve looked at what should be included in a resume and how to write those sections to grab attention.
We’re not done yet though – there are a few things that you should leave off of your resume if you want to get interviews… and you may not have been warned about these. So let’s cover that next…
If you have a long work history, considering removing some jobs that aren’t relevant, or were at the very beginning of your career (especially if you’ve been working 15-20 years or more).
Note that you shouldn’t remove an irrelevant job if it’s going to leave your employment history empty. For example, if you’ve only held one job but it’s not relevant to what you want to do next, you should still keep it.
Why? It’s better to put a job that doesn’t seem closely related to your current job search than to put absolutely nothing in your “Employment History”.
And you can always show traits like leadership, accountability, hard work, problem-solving, etc., in your past work history, no matter what job you had! So hiring managers might still find it relevant and impressive.
Use a Career Summary section instead, as mentioned earlier in the article.
You can read more about why a resume doesn’t need an objective here.
Unless you have a Ph.D. and are writing an academic CV… or unless you’ve been working for 10-15+ years… your resume should not be more than two pages.
For 75-80% of people, it should really only be one page.
So focus on what’s most important and keep the length short.
As a recruiter, I’d rather see 8 specific skills that are relevant to the job I’m hiring for, rather than a list of 30 general skills that you’ve used throughout your career but might not be relevant to the job. So make your resume laser-focused and target their needs!
Proofread and spellcheck everything.
You are very unlikely to get called for an interview if you have a spelling or grammar mistake on your resume – and nobody’s going to tell you either.
So you need to find it yourself, or have a friend proofread it carefully for you!
Here’s a little trick if you proofread it yourself: temporarily change your resume to an unusual font before proofreading. It will help you spot errors (sounds crazy, I know. But it works).
Now you’ve hopefully gotten answers to your questions about what should a resume include, and you’ve seen the top things to leave off as well.
There’s one final step, though, that’s going to get you far more interviews from all of this…
I’d recommend “Tailoring” your resume to match the job description before sending it out for each job.
It’ll take you a bit longer per job application, but you’ll get far more responses.
Would you rather apply for 50 jobs and hear back from 1? Or apply for 25 jobs and hear back from 4?
That’s the type of difference tailoring your resume can make. Here’s a full article on how to easily tailor your resume for each job. (This method will save you a ton of time).
Now you know what goes on a resume and how to make each section attractive to employers.
If you follow the steps above you’re going to have a great resume that grabs attention and shows recruiters and hiring managers why they should interview you immediately.
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