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What is a UX Designer and How to Become One

By Oluwadamilola Osisanya


Have you ever wondered why some apps feel so intuitive while others leave you lost?

The answer lies in the hands of UX designers, the architects behind our digital comfort zones. This article unveils the role of a UX designer and navigates through the journey of how to become a UX designer, turning complexity into simplicity.

Career Summary

UX Designer Salary

UX Designer Salary

The UX designer salary can vary significantly based on factors such as geographic location, industry, company size, and individual experience and skills.

Here’s a general overview of average UX designer salary figures according to Glassdoor:

  • Entry-Level: US$ 92,000
  • Median: US$ 119,000
  • Senior: US$ 155,000

When compared to the national average, which is $59,428 according to Forbes, all UX designers receive a high salary

What is a UX Designer?

A UX designer is a professional responsible for creating user-friendly digital experiences by understanding user needs, behaviors, and preferences. They employ a combination of skills, including design principles, research methodologies, and problem-solving, to design intuitive interfaces for websites, apps, and other digital products. 

UX designers collaborate closely with cross-functional teams, including product managers, developers, and stakeholders, to ensure that design solutions meet both user needs and business goals. 

UX Designer Job Description

The UX designer job description involves designing and improving user interfaces to enhance the usability and accessibility of digital products and services. This includes researching user needs, preferences, and pain points and creating wireframes and prototypes to visualize design concepts. 

UX designers collaborate with cross-functional teams to iterate on designs based on user feedback and usability testing results. They also ensure consistency and coherence in the user experience across different platforms and devices. 

Additionally, the UX designer job description may involve advocating for user-centered design principles within the organization and staying updated on industry trends and best practices.

UX Designer Career Progression

  • Junior UX Designer: In this entry-level position, you will focus on learning and applying fundamental UX design principles under supervision. Tasks may include user research, creating wireframes, and assisting with usability testing.
  • UX Designer: With a few years of experience, you will work on various aspects of the design process, including user research, interaction design, and prototyping. You will collaborate closely with other designers, product managers, and engineers.
  • Senior UX Designer: As a senior UX designer, you will lead design projects and initiatives, mentor junior designers, and significantly influence the overall user experience strategy. You will possess strong problem-solving skills and a deep understanding of user-centered design principles.
  • Lead UX Designer / UX Lead: You will lead the UX team and projects, ensuring the design process aligns with the product’s goals. You will be key in decision-making, strategy, and liaising between the design team and other stakeholders.
  • UX Manager: You will manage the UX team, overseeing all design aspects of projects from conception to completion. You will be responsible for team performance, resource allocation, and strategic direction. You may still be involved in hands-on design work, but your focus shifts towards management.
  • UX Director: Oversees the UX design strategy across multiple projects or the entire organization. You will work closely with senior management to align UX strategies with business goals. Responsibilities include leading the UX team, setting design standards, and advocating for user-centered design across the company.
  • Chief Experience Officer (CXO): As a top-level executive, you will oversee the entire experience of the organization’s products and services, from design to customer service. You will ensure that all aspects of the user experience meet the highest standards and positively impact the customer journey.
UX Designer Career Progression

Best Aspects of Working as a UX Designer

  • Opportunity to work on diverse projects across different industries.
  • Flexibility in work schedule and location, including remote work options.
  • Creative freedom to design innovative user experiences.
  • High demand for UX skills in the job market.
  • Potential for career advancement into leadership and specialized roles.

Worst Aspects of Working as a UX Designer

  • Dealing with subjective feedback from stakeholders without a design background.
  • High pressure to deliver innovative solutions quickly.
  • Constant need for upskilling to stay relevant with emerging technologies.
  • Frequent revisions and iterations based on user testing, which can extend project timelines.
  • Balancing user needs with business goals can lead to ethical dilemmas and design compromises.

UX Designer Skills

  • User Research
  • Information Architecture
  • Prototyping
  • Wireframing
  • Visual Design

Popular UX Designer Specialties

  • Usability Testing
  • Accessibility Design
  • UX Writing
  • Product Design
  • Service Design

How to Become a UX Designer

UX Designer 5 Steps to Career

Becoming a UX designer involves mastering design principles, understanding user behavior, and acquiring practical experience through projects and mentorship.


Do I Need a Degree to Become a UX Designer?

No, a degree is not strictly necessary to become a UX designer. While formal education can provide a strong foundation in design principles, becoming a UX designer is more about applying practical UX designer skills and building a portfolio that showcases your ability to solve user problems. The field values experience and a demonstrable skill set over specific educational backgrounds. Many UX designers enter the field with degrees in related disciplines (like design, psychology, or computer science). 

Still, it’s increasingly common for individuals from various backgrounds to transition into UX design through self-study, boot camps, online courses, and practical experience. 

Building a strong portfolio, gaining hands-on experience through projects, and continually learning about UX principles and tools are key steps to entering the field. Networking and mentorship can also play significant roles in developing a career in UX design without a traditional degree.

What are the Requirements to Become a UX Designer?

The requirements to become a UX designer typically include:

  • Learning UX Principles and Tools: Acquire a solid understanding of UX design principles, such as user research, usability testing, interaction design, and information architecture. Familiarize yourself with design and prototyping tools like Sketch, Adobe XD, Figma, and InVision.
  • Practical Experience: Gain hands-on experience through personal projects, internships, or freelance work. Real-world projects help you apply UX principles and tools and learn how to solve design problems.
  • Building a Portfolio: Create a strong portfolio showcasing your UX design projects. Your portfolio should demonstrate your design process from user research to the final design solution, highlighting your problem-solving skills and ability to create user-centered designs.
  • Continual Learning: UX design is a constantly evolving field, so it’s important to stay updated with the latest trends, tools, and best practices. This can be through online courses, workshops, webinars, and following leading UX design thought leaders and communities.
  • Networking and Community Involvement: Connect with other UX professionals through networking events, online forums, and social media. Joining a UX community can provide support, mentorship, and opportunities to collaborate on projects.

Can I Become a UX Designer through Online Education?

Yes, you can become a UX designer through online education. Online courses, bootcamps, and tutorials offer comprehensive training in UX principles, tools, and methodologies, making them a viable path for aspiring UX designers. 

These programs often cover user research, wireframing, prototyping, usability testing, and interface design, equipping students with the necessary skills for the field. A significant advantage of online education is the flexibility to learn at your own pace and the opportunity to build a portfolio through hands-on projects. 

What are Some Web Resources to Learn Skills to Become a UX Designer?

Here are some key resources renowned within the UX community for their depth, quality, and relevance:

  • Nielsen Norman Group (NN/g): Offers articles, reports, and usability guidelines based on evidence-based user experience research. They are considered pioneers in the field of UX.
  • Interaction Design Foundation (IDF): Provides in-depth courses and literature on UX design. It’s well-regarded for its comprehensive learning paths covering the fundamentals to advanced aspects of UX design.
  • Smashing Magazine: While it covers a broad range of web design topics, its UX section is rich with practical advice, case studies, and trends in UX design.
  • UX Magazine: Dedicated to bringing a central resource for everything related to user experience, offering insights into the UX industry’s tools, resources, and best practices.
  • A List Apart: Focuses on web standards and best practices but has a robust section on user experience design that emphasizes thoughtful, content-first approaches.
  • UX Booth: Tailored for beginner to intermediate UX professionals, this website features articles that delve into various UX topics, from research and strategy to design and usability.

Practical Experience

What are Internship Opportunities for a UX Designer?

Internship opportunities for UX designers can be found in various industries and organizations.

Here are some common types of internship opportunities for UX designers:

  • Tech Companies: Many technology companies, both large and small, offer UX design internships. These companies often have dedicated design teams working on products and services, providing interns with hands-on experience in designing user interfaces, conducting user research, and prototyping.
  • Design Agencies: Design agencies specialize in providing design services to clients across different industries. Interning at a design agency can expose you to a wide range of projects and clients, allowing you to gain valuable experience in UX design across various domains.
  • Startups: Startups often seek talented UX designers to help create user-friendly products and interfaces. Interning at a startup can allow you to work closely with a small team, contribute to product development, and gain insights into the entrepreneurial process.
  • Corporate Design Departments: Many large corporations have in-house design teams to develop and maintain digital products and services. Interning at a corporate design department can expose you to working within a larger organization and collaborating with cross-functional teams.
  • Educational Institutions: Universities and colleges may offer internship opportunities within their design departments or research labs. These internships can allow you to work on projects related to education technology (EdTech) and instructional design.

What Skills Will I Learn as a UX Designer?

As a UX (User Experience) designer, you’ll develop a diverse skill set that combines design, research, communication, and problem-solving abilities.

Here are some key UX designer skills you’ll learn and develop:

  • User Research: Understanding user needs, behaviors, and preferences through techniques such as interviews, surveys, usability testing, and data analysis.
  • UX Design Principles: Learning the fundamental principles of user-centered design, information architecture, interaction design, and usability.
  • Wireframing and Prototyping: Creating low-fidelity wireframes and high-fidelity prototypes to visualize and test design concepts before implementation.
  • Visual Design: Developing skills in typography, color theory, layout, and visual hierarchy to create aesthetically pleasing and user-friendly interfaces.
  • Usability Testing: Planning, conducting, and analyzing usability tests to evaluate the effectiveness and usability of designs.
  • User Persona Development: Creating detailed profiles of target users to guide design decisions and ensure designs meet user needs.
  • UI (User Interface) Design: Designing intuitive, visually appealing interfaces aligned with user expectations.
  • Information Architecture: Organizing and structuring information to make it easy for users to navigate and find what they need.
  • Collaboration and Communication: Working effectively with cross-functional teams, including developers, product managers, and stakeholders, and effectively communicating design decisions and rationale.
  • Tools Proficiency: Becoming proficient in design tools such as Sketch, Figma, or Axure, as well as prototyping tools like InVision or

What is the Work-Life Balance of a UX Designer?

Generally, UX designers enjoy a relatively good work-life balance compared to other professions in the tech industry. However, there can be periods of intense work, especially during project deadlines or when conducting user research and usability testing. 

Remote work opportunities and flexible schedules are increasingly common in the field, allowing for greater autonomy and the ability to manage work-life balance more effectively. UX designers typically collaborate closely with cross-functional teams, which can foster a supportive and collaborative work environment. 

Additionally, ongoing learning and professional development are important aspects of the role, and many UX designers engage in continuous skill-building activities outside of traditional work hours. 

Overall, while there may be fluctuations in workload, many UX designers find a balance that allows them to pursue their career passions while also enjoying personal interests and time with family and friends.

What’s the Career Outlook for UX Designers in the USA?

The career outlook for UX designers in the USA is positive, with steady growth projected over the coming years. Projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics anticipate robust growth (16%) in the demand for web developers and digital designers, encompassing UX designers, between 2022 and 2032. 

This growth rate indicates a stable demand for UX designers as organizations increasingly recognize the importance of creating user-friendly digital experiences. 

With the expansion of digital products and services across industries, UX designers can expect to find employment opportunities in various sectors, including technology, e-commerce, healthcare, finance, and more. 

Additionally, as companies prioritize user-centric design to stay competitive, the demand for skilled UX designers is expected to remain strong, contributing to a promising career outlook in the USA.

UX Designer Popular Career Specialties

What are the Job Opportunities for a UX Designer?

Job opportunities for UX designers are diverse and can be found across various industries and sectors.

Here are some common job opportunities for UX designers:

  •  UX Designer: The primary role of a UX designer involves creating user-centered designs for digital products and services. This includes conducting user research, designing wireframes and prototypes, and collaborating with cross-functional teams to ensure a seamless user experience.
  • UI Designer: UI (User Interface) designers focus on the visual aspects of the user experience, such as layout, typography, and color schemes. While closely related to UX design, UI design roles may involve more emphasis on creating aesthetically pleasing interfaces.
  • Interaction Designer: Interaction designers specialize in designing the interactive elements of digital products, such as buttons, menus, and navigation systems. They focus on creating intuitive and engaging user interactions that enhance the overall user experience.
  • Information Architect: Information architects are responsible for organizing and structuring the content and information within digital products to make it easy for users to find and navigate. They design the information hierarchy and navigation systems to optimize usability and accessibility.
  • UX Researcher: Through qualitative and quantitative research methods, UX researchers focus on understanding user needs, behaviors, and preferences. They conduct user interviews, surveys, and usability tests to gather insights that inform the design process.
  • Usability Analyst: Usability analysts evaluate digital product usability and identify improvement areas. They analyze user feedback, conduct usability testing, and make recommendations to optimize the user experience.
  • Product Designer: Product designers take a holistic approach to designing digital products, considering user experience and business objectives. They collaborate with product managers, engineers, and other stakeholders to define product goals and create solutions that meet user needs.
  • UX Consultant/Freelancer: UX consultants or freelancers work independently or with agencies to provide UX design services to clients on a project basis. They may specialize in specific industries or aspects of UX design, such as accessibility or mobile design.
  • Entrepreneur/Startup Founder: Some UX designers choose to start their own companies or ventures, creating innovative products and services that address user needs and pain points.

What Type of Companies Hire a UX Designer?

Many companies across various industries hire UX designers to improve the usability and user experience of their products and services.

Here are some types of companies that commonly hire UX designers:

  • Technology Companies: Tech companies ranging from large corporations like Google, Apple, and Microsoft to small startups hire UX designers to design user-friendly interfaces for their software, apps, and platforms.
  • E-commerce Companies: Companies operating in the e-commerce sector, such as Amazon, eBay, and Shopify, hire UX designers to optimize the online shopping experience and increase conversion rates.
  • Financial Services: Banks, investment firms, and financial technology (fintech) companies hire UX designers to design intuitive and secure interfaces for online banking, trading platforms, and financial management tools.
  • Healthcare Organizations: Healthcare providers, insurance companies, and health tech startups hire UX designers to create user-friendly interfaces for healthcare applications, patient portals, and medical devices.
  • Retail Companies: Retailers, both online and brick-and-mortar, hire UX designers to enhance the user experience of their websites, mobile apps, and in-store digital touchpoints to drive sales and customer engagement.
  • Travel and Hospitality: Companies in the travel and hospitality industry, including airlines, hotels, and booking platforms, hire UX designers to improve the booking process, enhance the user experience of travel apps, and personalize customer interactions.
  • Automotive Industry: Automobile manufacturers and companies developing connected car technologies hire UX designers to design intuitive interfaces for in-car infotainment systems, navigation systems, and driver assistance features.
  • Entertainment and Media: Companies in the entertainment and media industry, such as streaming services, gaming companies, and publishing houses, hire UX designers to create engaging and immersive digital experiences for users.
  • Education Technology (EdTech): EdTech companies and educational institutions hire UX designers to design user-friendly interfaces for learning management systems, educational apps, and digital learning resources.
  • Consulting and Design Agencies: Design agencies and consulting firms specializing in UX design provide services to clients across various industries, including technology, healthcare, finance, and retail.

These are just a few examples, but in reality, almost any company that offers digital products or services can benefit from hiring UX designers to improve the user experience and achieve their business goals.

Should I Become a UX Designer?

Deciding to pursue a career as a UX designer is a significant choice that requires careful consideration. Throughout this article, we’ve explored what it means to be a UX designer and the steps involved in becoming one. From understanding the role of UX designers in creating user-friendly digital experiences to discussing the essential skills and education required, we’ve covered the foundational aspects of this dynamic field.

However, beyond the technicalities, it’s crucial to emphasize the importance of making an informed decision based on several key factors. Firstly, consider your personal interests and skills. Are you passionate about understanding user needs and creating intuitive interfaces? Do you enjoy problem-solving and creative thinking? A career in UX design may align well with these interests and strengths.

Furthermore, think about your long-term goals and aspirations. UX design offers diverse career opportunities, from working at tech companies and startups to consulting or freelancing. Consider where you see yourself in the future and how a career in UX design can help you achieve those goals.

It’s also essential to recognize that becoming a UX designer requires continuous learning and adaptation. The field is constantly evolving with new technologies, trends, and methodologies. Being adaptable and open to learning is crucial for success in this field.

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Oluwadamilola Osisanya

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