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What is a Chief Product Officer (CPO) and How to Become One

By Oluwadamilola Osisanya


Have you ever wondered who orchestrates the vision, strategy, and execution behind your favorite products?

Enter the chief product officer (CPO), a pivotal role that bridges the gap between market needs and innovative solutions. This article delves into the world of a CPO, outlining a clear path for those aspiring to shape the future of products – from identifying the challenges to mastering the skills required for this dynamic leadership position.

Career Summary

Chief Product Officer Salary

Chief Product Officer (CPO) Salary

The chief product officer salary varies widely depending on experience, industry, and geographic location.

According to Glassdoor, here are the average chief product officer salary figures:

  • Entry-Level: US$ 308,000
  • Median: US$ 410,000
  • Senior: US$ 560,000

All chief product officers receive a high salary when compared to the national average, which is $59,428 according to Forbes.

What is a CPO?

So, what is a CPO? A chief product officer (CPO) is a top executive role within a company and is primarily responsible for overseeing and guiding the entire product management process. This position involves strategic leadership and vision in product development, ensuring the company’s products align with its business goals and market demands. 

The CPO plays a crucial role in defining the company’s product strategy, making critical decisions on product design, development, and innovation, and aligning product development with customer needs and business objectives. 

This role is typically found in technology companies, consumer goods corporations, and organizations prioritizing developing and managing their products. The CPO is integral in bridging the gap between various departments, such as engineering, marketing, sales, and customer support, ensuring that the product vision is executed effectively and reaches market success.

Chief Product Officer Job Description

The chief product officer job description includes leading the product management team, defining and refining the product strategy, and ensuring product-market fit. 

A CPO is actively involved in a product’s lifecycle from concept to launch, including market research, customer feedback, and competitive analysis to inform product features and improvements. They collaborate closely with engineering leaders to guide the product development process, ensuring it meets the strategic vision and business goals. 

The chief product officer job description also involves working with marketing and sales teams to define go-to-market strategies, set pricing, and drive product adoption among target customers. They are also responsible for analyzing product performance and making adjustments based on data-driven insights to achieve financial targets and customer satisfaction goals. 

Chief Product Officer Career Progression

  • Product Analyst: In this entry-level role, you will be focused on market research, data analysis, and supporting product strategy development. Analysts gather and interpret data to inform product decisions and improvements.
  • Associate Product Manager: A step above analyst, you will be focusing on managing smaller product features or projects under the guidance of a senior product manager. This role involves collaboration with design and engineering teams to develop and refine product offerings.
  • Product Manager: You will be responsible for the end-to-end management of a product or product line, including defining the product vision, strategy, and roadmap. Product managers work closely with cross-functional teams to bring products to market and iterate based on feedback.
  • Senior Product Manager: Here, you will take on larger, more complex products or product lines, often leading a team of product managers. This role involves more strategic decision-making and influence on the overall product direction.
  • Director of Product: You will oversee multiple product lines or a significant segment of the company’s product portfolio. You will focus on long-term product strategy, team leadership, and cross-departmental coordination to achieve business goals.
  • Vice President of Product: An executive role where you will be responsible for the overall product strategy and vision across the company. The VP of Product aligns product development with business objectives, mentors product leaders, and represents product initiatives to the executive team.
  • Chief Product Officer (CPO): The top product executive responsible for the global product strategy, vision, and execution. You will lead the entire product organization, drive innovation, and work closely with the CEO and other executives to align product initiatives with the company’s strategic objectives.
Chief Product Officer (CPO) Career Progression

Best Aspects of Working as a Chief Product Officer

  • Direct impact on company success.
  • Exposure to the latest technologies and trends.
  • Opportunity for significant financial rewards.
  • Creative problem-solving in response to market challenges and opportunities.
  • Ability to directly influence and improve the customer experience with the product.

Worst Aspects of Working as a Chief Product Officer

  • High pressure to deliver successful products in a competitive market consistently.
  • Risk of burnout due to long hours and the demanding nature of the role.
  • Accountability for product failures, which can impact the company’s performance and reputation.
  • Stress associated with making tough decisions that affect the product and employees.
  • Navigating internal politics and conflicting interests within the company.

Useful Skills to Have as a Chief Product Officer

  • Strategic Thinking
  • Product Management
  • Leadership
  • Analytical Skills
  • Technical Expertise

Popular Chief Product Officer Specialties

  • Technology and Software
  • Consumer Goods and Retail
  • Digital and E-commerce
  • Healthcare and Medical Devices
  • Automotive and Mobility 

How to Become a Chief Product Officer

Chief Product Officer (CPO) 5 Steps to Career

Achieving the pinnacle role of chief product officer (CPO) demands a robust foundation of formal education and hands-on experience, intertwining theoretical knowledge with real-world application. 


Education lays the groundwork for understanding complex market dynamics, fostering innovation, and leading cross-functional teams effectively, making it an indispensable step on the path to becoming a CPO.

Do I Need a Degree to Become a Chief Product Officer?

Yes, a degree is typically required to become a Chief Product Officer. A bachelor’s degree in business, engineering, computer science, or a related field is often essential for understanding the foundational aspects of product development and management. 

Many individuals in this role also hold an MBA or other advanced degrees, which can enhance their leadership and strategic skills. 

However, while a degree significantly bolsters one’s qualifications for the role, extensive experience in product management, proven leadership capabilities, and a demonstrated ability to innovate and drive product success can also enable talented professionals without a traditional degree to ascend to this high-level position, especially in more flexible or startup environments.

What are the Benefits of Getting a Degree in Business Administration?

Obtaining a degree in business administration, particularly an MBA, equips candidates with a comprehensive understanding of business operations, strategic management, and leadership skills that are essential for this role. 

This degree provides a blend of theoretical knowledge and practical skills in areas such as marketing, financial management, organizational behavior, and product development strategy

For aspiring CPOs, an MBA can offer insights into effectively aligning product strategies with overall business goals, managing cross-functional teams, and making data-driven decisions to drive product success and innovation. 

Additionally, the networking opportunities, exposure to real-world business challenges, and developing critical thinking skills during the program are invaluable for climbing the corporate ladder to a CPO position.

Can I Become a Chief Product Officer through Online Education?

Yes, you can become a Chief Product Officer through online education. Online programs offer flexibility and accessibility, allowing aspiring professionals to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills in business administration, product management, and related fields. 

Many reputable universities and educational platforms provide online bachelor’s and master’s degrees, including MBAs with specializations relevant to a career in product management. These online courses often cover strategic management, marketing, user experience design, and analytics, which are crucial for a CPO role. 

Additionally, online education can facilitate networking opportunities, mentorship, and access to industry insights through virtual internships and projects, making it a viable path to achieving executive-level positions in product management.

What are Some Web Resources to Learn Skills to Become a Chief Product Officer?

Here are some resources for those aspiring to become CPOs:

  • Product School: Offers product management certification programs and courses designed to climb the product management ladder up to CPO. Their content is geared specifically towards building skills in product strategy, team leadership, and product lifecycle management.
  • Mind the Product: Provides in-depth articles, conferences, and training sessions on advanced product management techniques and leadership. It’s a great resource for aspiring CPOs to learn from experienced leaders in the field.
  • CPO Magazine: Offers insights, news, and analysis on the role of Chief Product Officers. It’s a valuable resource for understanding the latest trends, challenges, and opportunities in product leadership.
  • The Silicon Valley Product Group (SVPG): Founded by Marty Cagan, a highly respected figure in product management, SVPG offers articles, workshops, and advice on becoming a successful product leader and building high-performing product teams.
  • Pragmatic Institute: Offers training and certifications in product management and marketing. Their courses are designed to help professionals master the skills needed to lead product teams and drive product strategy.

Practical Experience

What are Internship Opportunities for Aspiring Chief Product Officers?

Internship opportunities for a chief product officer (CPO) may vary depending on the organization’s structure and needs.

However, there are several potential avenues for CPO internships:

  • Product Management Internship: Many companies offer internships specifically focused on product management. These internships typically involve working closely with product managers and gaining hands-on experience in product development, market research, user experience design, and project management.
  • Startup Internship: Interning at a startup can provide valuable experience for aspiring CPOs. Startups often have small teams where interns can get involved in various aspects of product development, from ideation to launch. This hands-on experience in a dynamic and fast-paced environment can be highly beneficial.
  • Technology Internship: Interning at a technology company, especially one that develops products or services, can offer exposure to the intersection of technology and product management. Interns may be able to work on product-related projects, collaborate with engineering teams, and gain insights into the product development lifecycle.
  • Consulting Internship: Some consulting firms offer internships focused on product strategy and management. These internships may involve working with clients to develop and implement product strategies, conduct market research and analysis, and provide recommendations for product improvements.
  • Corporate Internship: Interning at a larger corporation with an established product management function can provide exposure to best practices in product management. Interns may work alongside experienced product managers, participate in product meetings and strategy sessions, and contribute to ongoing product initiatives.

What Skills Will I Learn as a Chief Product Officer?

As a chief product officer (CPO), you will develop diverse skills essential for leading product strategy, driving innovation, and ensuring the success of products or services.

Some key skills you will learn and refine as a CPO include:

  • Product Strategy: Developing a clear vision and roadmap for the company’s products or services, aligning them with overall business goals and market needs.
  • Market Research and Analysis: Conducting thorough market research to understand customer needs, competitive landscapes, industry trends, and market opportunities.
  • User Experience (UX) Design: Focusing on creating intuitive and user-friendly customer experiences through effective UX design principles and methodologies.
  • Product Development Process: Managing the end-to-end product development lifecycle, from ideation and conceptualization to launch and iteration, while ensuring timely delivery and quality.
  • Cross-functional Leadership: Collaborating closely with teams across various functions, including engineering, design, marketing, sales, and customer support, to align efforts and drive product success.
  • Data-driven Decision-making: Leveraging data and analytics to inform product decisions, measure performance, identify areas for improvement, and optimize strategies.
  • Strategic Planning and Execution: Developing and executing strategic plans to achieve product-related objectives, balancing short-term goals with long-term vision.
  • Stakeholder Management: Building and nurturing relationships with key stakeholders, including executives, investors, customers, partners, and internal teams, to gain support and drive alignment.
  • Innovation Management: Fostering a culture of innovation within the organization, encouraging creativity and experimentation, and exploring new ideas and technologies.
  • Product Marketing and Positioning: Crafting compelling messaging and positioning strategies to effectively communicate the value proposition of products or services to target audiences.
  • Financial Acumen: Understanding the financial aspects of product management, including budgeting, forecasting, pricing strategies, and revenue optimization.
  • Risk Management: Identifying potential risks and challenges associated with product initiatives and developing mitigation strategies to minimize negative impacts.

What is the Work-Life Balance of a Chief Product Officer?

The work-life balance of a chief product officer (CPO) can be quite challenging, as it involves a high degree of responsibility and often requires managing multiple aspects of a company’s product strategy, development, and launch processes. 

The role demands a deep understanding of the market and customer needs and the ability to lead and coordinate across various departments, including engineering, marketing, and sales. 

Given the central role of product development in a company’s success, CPOs frequently work long hours, including evenings and weekends, especially during critical phases of product development or when preparing for product launches. However, many CPOs manage to strike a balance by prioritizing critical tasks, delegating effectively, and utilizing time management strategies. 

The ability to maintain a work-life balance also depends significantly on the company’s culture and the support systems in place for senior executives. Some CPOs may have more flexible schedules, allowing for remote work or adjusted hours, but the role demands often require high dedication and time commitment.

What’s the Career Outlook for a Chief Product Officer?

The career outlook for a chief product officer (CPO) in the USA appears promising. According to Zippia, the demand for chief product officers is projected to grow 6% from 2018 to 2028. 

This growth rate suggests a steady demand for professionals in this role, reflecting the increasing importance of product development and management in the success of businesses across various industries. 

The role of a CPO is critical in driving product strategy, innovation, and user satisfaction, which are key factors for companies looking to maintain competitive advantage and adapt to changing market demands. This projected growth indicates that those pursuing a career as a chief product officer can expect a positive job market with opportunities for advancement and impact within their organizations.

Chief Product Officer (CPO) Popular Career Specialties

What are the Job Opportunities of a Chief Product Officer?

The job opportunities for a chief product officer (CPO) span across a wide range of industries and sectors, reflecting the central role that product development and management play in the success of businesses today.

Here are some key areas where CPOs can find significant opportunities:

  • Technology and Software: With the rapid pace of technological advancement, companies in the tech and software industry often seek experienced CPOs to lead the development of innovative products and services.
  • Consumer Goods: Companies in the consumer goods sector rely on CPOs to understand consumer trends and develop products that meet market demand, ensuring competitiveness and growth.
  • Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals: In the healthcare sector, CPOs play a crucial role in developing new medical devices, healthcare apps, and pharmaceutical products, focusing on improving patient outcomes and meeting regulatory requirements.
  • Financial Services: The financial sector, including banks, insurance companies, and fintech startups, looks for CPOs to innovate financial products and services, enhancing customer experience and financial inclusion.
  • E-commerce and Retail: E-commerce platforms and retail chains need CPOs to innovate in product offerings, supply chain management, and customer experience, driving sales and customer loyalty.
  • Automotive and Transportation: Companies in the automotive and transportation industry are undergoing significant transformations with the advent of electric vehicles and autonomous driving technologies, creating opportunities for CPOs to lead in product innovation.
  • Telecommunications: As telecommunications companies expand their services beyond traditional offerings, CPOs must develop new products and services that leverage emerging technologies.
  • Startups and New Ventures: Startups and new ventures across sectors look for CPOs to establish and execute product strategy from the ground up, driving growth and market penetration.
  • Consulting Firms: Some CPOs find opportunities in consulting, advising companies on product strategy, development processes, and innovation management.

Top Companies that Hire a Chief Product Officer

Companies across a broad spectrum of industries recognize the importance of strategic product management and innovation, leading to hiring chief product officers (CPOs) to oversee these critical functions.

The types of companies typically hiring CPOs include:

  • Consumer Electronics Manufacturers: Companies that design, manufacture, and sell electronic devices often hire CPOs to lead the development of new products and ensure they meet market demands.
  • Entertainment and Media: Companies in the entertainment sector, including streaming services, video game publishers, and media networks, hire CPOs to innovate in content delivery and user engagement.
  • Education and EdTech: Educational institutions and startups focused on learning technologies seek CPOs to develop educational products and platforms that enhance learning experiences.
  • Large Corporations: Well-established companies with diverse products and services often hire CPOs to oversee product strategy and innovation across the organization, ensuring product development aligns with the company’s overall strategic goals.
  • Manufacturing Companies: Companies in the manufacturing sector, particularly those involved in consumer electronics, automotive, and industrial equipment, employ CPOs to oversee product innovation and lifecycle management.
  • Financial Technology (Fintech) Firms: Fintech companies, including digital banks, payment processors, and personal finance apps, hire CPOs to innovate financial products and services that disrupt traditional banking and finance models.
  • Healthtech and Biotech Companies: Organizations focused on healthcare technology, medical devices, and biotechnology rely on CPOs to lead the development of products that meet critical healthcare needs and regulatory requirements.

Should I Become a Chief Product Officer?

Deciding to pursue a career as a chief product officer (CPO) is a significant decision that should be made after carefully considering the key points discussed in the article, alongside a deep reflection on your interests, skills, and long-term career goals.

Before embarking on this career path, it’s essential to assess whether your passion for product development, innovation, and managing cross-functional teams aligns with the responsibilities of a CPO. This role is not just about overseeing the creation of products; it’s about setting the strategic direction for a company’s product line, ensuring that each product meets the market’s needs, and driving product-led growth.

Furthermore, reflect on your long-term goals and how a role as a CPO aligns with them. This position can be a career pinnacle for those passionate about significantly impacting a company’s success and how people interact with products and technology. However, it also comes with challenges, including the constant pressure to innovate and the need to manage complex stakeholder relationships.

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Oluwadamilola Osisanya

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