Virtual Meeting Etiquette: A Guide to Professional Online Interactions

By Oluwadamilola Osisanya


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Oluwadamilola Osisanya

Oluwadamilola Osisanya

Writer & Career Coach

Did you know that nearly 79% of working professionals believe virtual meetings can match or even surpass the productivity of in-person gatherings? In a world swiftly adapting to remote interactions, mastering virtual meeting etiquette has become as crucial as the handshake once was. 

This article offers an insightful guide to polishing your online meeting manners, ensuring your professional interactions are productive and exemplary.

Setting the Stage for Success

1. Pre-Meeting Preparations

Before the virtual handshake occurs or the first slide is shared, the foundation of a successful online meeting lies in thorough pre-meeting preparations, which are a cornerstone among best practices for virtual meetings. 

Here, we’ll delve into the critical aspects of technical setup and testing as well as environment and background considerations, ensuring that when the spotlight hits, you’re ready to shine.

  • Technical Setup and Testing

Navigating the digital realm requires not just confidence but a reliable tech arsenal. Begin by ensuring your device is equipped with the necessary software updates and that the meeting application functions correctly. 

A test run is more than a mere formality; it’s an essential part of virtual meeting tips that can prevent an array of technical hiccups. Check your internet connection for stability and speed — a wired connection can be your best friend in preventing unexpected dropouts.

Confirm that your microphone and speakers are working well, providing clear audio that allows every word to be understood without strain. If using a webcam, it should be positioned at eye level to simulate direct eye contact with your fellow participants. Test these components before every meeting, as consistency in tech performance is never guaranteed.

  • Environment and Background Considerations

Your visual presentation sets the tone just as much as your verbal contributions, which is why it’s one of the key virtual meeting tips to choose a professional and neutral background. Select a location that is both quiet and free from the likelihood of interruptions. 

Inform those around you of your meeting schedule to minimize unexpected disturbances. Additionally, lighting plays a crucial role — ensure you are well-lit, preferably with natural light facing you or a lamp that casts an even glow, avoiding harsh shadows or a silhouette effect. 

Remember, your chosen environment reflects your professionalism and can influence the perceived quality of your contributions to the meeting.

2. Punctuality and Logging In

In the virtual realm of meetings, setting the stage for success hinges on two pivotal practices: punctuality and a smooth login process.

  • Arriving on Time

Timeliness is a cornerstone of professionalism, irrespective of whether the meeting space is physical or digital. Arriving on time for virtual meetings demonstrates respect for participants’ time and commitment to the agenda. 

Unlike traditional meetings where a quiet slip into a back row can go unnoticed, late entry into a virtual meeting often disrupts with announcing beeps or screen pop-ups, drawing attention to tardiness. 

Thus, being punctual is not only courteous but is an essential part of virtual meeting etiquette, maintaining the flow of the meeting.

  • Avoiding Disruptions

Choosing a quiet space, minimizing background noise, and turning off notifications on your devices can help maintain a focused and professional atmosphere once the meeting is underway.

Adhering to these principles underlines respect for the shared digital space and sets a professional tone for the discussion to follow. 

By being punctual and minimizing disruptions, you contribute to a productive and efficient virtual meeting environment, allowing all participants to focus on the content rather than the complications of the medium.

Dress and Appearance – Tips for Virtual Meetings

The impression you leave in a virtual meeting can be as impactful as in a face-to-face encounter. Your dress and appearance are non-verbal cues that can either enhance or undermine your professional image.

1. The Importance of Dressing Professionally for Virtual Meetings

  • Dressing professionally sets a tone of respect and seriousness for the meeting.
  • It psychologically prepares you for a productive work mindset.
  • Professional attire ensures you’re perceived as prepared and engaged.

2. Tips for Choosing the Right Attire

  • Align your attire with the organization’s culture and the occasion’s formality.
  • Opt for solid colors to avoid distractions and ensure good visibility on camera.
  • Choose clothing that boosts your confidence, reflecting your attitude and demeanor during the meeting.

3. Grooming and Personal Presentation

  • A well-groomed appearance suggests meticulousness and attention to detail.
  • Simple and professional grooming is preferred; avoid looks that are too casual or disheveled.
  • Remember that camera settings can exaggerate features, so aim for a natural and tidy appearance.

Video and Audio Etiquette

In the digital conference room, your video and audio presence can speak volumes before you even say a word. 

Mastering the technical aspects of your virtual presence is crucial, and these virtual meeting tips for video and audio etiquette are designed to maintain professionalism and enhance communication.

1. Appropriate Use of Video

  • Video On When Necessary: Keep your camera on during meetings to reinforce engagement unless bandwidth issues arise or it’s a large meeting where the host prefers cameras off to minimize distractions.
  • Framing Yourself Properly: Center yourself on the screen so that your face is clearly visible. You should aim to have your head and shoulders in view, which means adjusting your camera or seating position accordingly.
  • Privacy Matters: Be mindful of privacy for both yourself and others. If you need to step away or attend to something personal, turn off your video.

2. Microphone Usage and Audio Considerations

  • Mute When Not Speaking: Keep your microphone muted when you’re not the one speaking to avoid accidental noise disruptions.
  • Sound Checks: Before the meeting begins, test your microphone’s quality and set the proper volume levels to ensure you’re heard clearly when it’s your turn to speak.
  • Invest in Quality: Consider using a headset with a built-in microphone or an external microphone for enhanced audio quality, especially if virtual meetings are a regular part of your routine.

3. Minimizing Background Noise

  • Choose a Quiet Space: One of the essential tips for virtual meetings is to conduct your meetings in a quiet, enclosed space where interruptions are less likely. Inform others in the vicinity of your meeting to avoid unexpected intrusions.
  • Soundproof if Possible: While not always feasible, adding soft furnishings or soundproofing elements can significantly reduce echo and background noise.
  • Immediate Mute for Sudden Noises: If unforeseen noise occurs (like a siren or dog barking), mute immediately if you’re not actively speaking to prevent it from disrupting the meeting.

By giving due attention to camera positioning, video practices, microphone quality, and background noise, you are practicing good online meeting etiquette, ensuring that your participation in virtual meetings is not only seen and heard but also felt in terms of your professionalism and respect for the shared virtual space.

Active Engagement and Communication – Online Meeting Etiquette

In a digital space where the traditional cues of in-person communication are absent, mastering the art of conveyance and reception becomes pivotal.

Here’s how professionals can maintain active engagement and uphold robust communication in a virtual meeting setting:

1. Effective Non-verbal Communication

Non-verbal cues are the silent orchestra of communication, harmonizing intent with expression, and in virtual meetings, their importance is magnified.

  • Maintain Eye Contact: Look into the camera to simulate eye contact, making you appear engaged and present.
  • Mind Your Posture: Sit straight to show attentiveness and respect for the participants.
  • Use Expressive Gestures: Subtle nods or smiles can convey agreement or encourage contribution, replacing the myriad of small acknowledgments typically present in face-to-face interactions.

2. Using Chat and Hand-Raising Features

Digital platforms offer tools that can enhance communication when used correctly.

  • Chat Wisely: Use the chat function to share relevant documents or to make a point without interrupting the speaker.
  • Raise Your Hand: Virtual ‘hand-raising’ signals intent to speak, ensuring a seamless flow of conversation without talking over one another.

3. The Art of Listening in Virtual Meetings

Listening, especially in a virtual context, is an active effort to understand and process information.

  • Show Active Listening: Nodding or giving verbal affirmations like “I see” or “That makes sense” throughout the meeting can affirm that you are attentive.
  • Summarize Points: Briefly summarizing the speaker’s points before contributing can demonstrate that you have listened to and understood the preceding discussion.

Remember, these tips for virtual meetings are designed to enhance understanding and ensure that everyone feels heard and valued.

4. Avoiding Multitasking and Distractions

The temptation to multitask is often higher in a virtual setting, but it can be the bane of effective engagement.

  • Close Unnecessary Tabs and Apps: To stay focused, eliminate the lure of multitasking by shutting down unrelated programs or browser tabs.
  • Silence Notifications: Turn off notifications on your phone and computer to prevent distractions.
  • Designate a Workspace: Choose a dedicated spot for virtual meetings to signal your brain that it’s time for focused work.

By adhering to online meeting etiquette for active engagement and communication, participants can ensure a level of interaction that not only mimics but often surpasses the levels of engagement found in traditional meetings.

These practices are not just a matter of courtesy but essential elements for the productivity and success of virtual collaborations.

Presentation and Sharing – Virtual Meeting Tips

The art of presenting and sharing in a virtual meeting is essential for maintaining professionalism and ensuring your message is communicated effectively.

Here’s what you need to know:

1. Sharing Screens and Content

  • Preparation: Close unnecessary tabs and apps before sharing your screen.
  • Privacy Check: Ensure no sensitive information is visible on your screen.
  • Communication: Announce your intent to share your screen before doing so to prepare the audience.

2. Guidelines for Using Presentation Slides

  • Clarity: Keep slides clear, concise, and visually appealing.
  • Legibility: Use appropriate font sizes and avoid overcrowding slides with text.
  • Engagement: Use the 5/5/5 rule and incorporate high-quality images to maintain interest.

3. Pointer and Annotation Tools

  • Sparingly Use: Use these tools only to highlight critical points or guide through complex graphics.
  • Proficiency: Practice with these tools before the meeting to ensure smooth usage.

4. Screen Sharing Etiquette

  • Pacing: Maintain a pace that is neither too fast to follow nor too slow to engage.
  • Attention: Give full attention to others when they are sharing content.
  • Transition: Stop sharing promptly after your segment to refocus attention on the speaker.

Managing Meeting Dynamics

Navigating the virtual landscape requires a grasp of the best practices for virtual meetings, including technical readiness and an understanding of meeting dynamics for successful collaboration.

1. Moderating Discussions and Maintaining Order

Effective moderation is the linchpin of a well-conducted virtual meeting. The role of the moderator is to guide the conversation, ensuring that the discussion remains on topic and that all voices are heard in an orderly fashion. Key strategies include:

  • Establishing Ground Rules: At the outset, clearly outline how and when participants should contribute. For example, deciding whether to use a “raise hand” feature or type questions in a chat can streamline the process.
  • Keeping Track of Time: Allocate specific time slots for each agenda item and stick to them. This practice, a cornerstone of online meeting etiquette, keeps the meeting focused and respects everyone’s time.
  • Facilitating Turn-Taking: To prevent crosstalk, the moderator should direct the floor to speakers, p

2. Handling Interruptions and Side Conversations

Interruptions can derail a meeting’s focus, while side conversations, although harder to spot virtually, can create disjointed experiences for participants. To manage these challenges:

  • Address Interruptions Firmly and Politely: As one of the key tips for virtual meetings, if someone interrupts, the moderator should gently steer the conversation back on course, reminding participants of the meeting protocols.
  • Utilize Technology Wisely: Features such as “mute all” can be invaluable in managing unexpected noise or participant interruptions.
  • Discourage Side Conversations: Encourage attendees to keep all communication within the main discussion thread or chat and to avoid private messaging that is not pertinent to the meeting’s objectives.

3. Encouraging Participation and Input from All Attendees

A successful virtual meeting is one where all participants feel engaged and able to contribute:

  • Invite Input: Actively solicit input from quieter members by asking for their opinions or suggestions on the subject matter.
  • Create a Safe Space: Ensure the meeting environment is welcoming and all comments are received without dismissal or judgment, fostering a space where attendees feel comfortable sharing.
  • Use Engagement Tools: Polls, breakout rooms, and interactive Q&A sessions can be effective in garnering participation and making sure everyone has the opportunity to contribute.

Q&A and Follow-up – Best Practices for Virtual Meetings

Navigating the question and answer portion and ensuring proper follow-up embodies the best practices for virtual meetings, which are critical for reinforcing a culture of effective communication and accountability. Here’s how to approach these aspects with professionalism.

1. How to Ask and Answer Questions

  • Be Concise and Clear: When asking questions, be direct and to the point. Time is often limited, and clarity helps in getting a precise answer.
  • Use the Right Feature: Utilize the ‘raise hand’ feature or type questions into the chat box if the forum is too large for open dialogue. This keeps the meeting orderly.
  • Wait for Your Turn: Don’t interrupt while someone else is speaking. If a question comes to mind, jot it down so you don’t forget when it’s your turn to speak.
  • Address the Right Person: When asking a question, address it to the specific person if it’s meant for them. If answering, begin by addressing the person who asked.
  • Show Appreciation: Whether you’re asking or answering a question, a simple “Thank you” goes a long way in maintaining a positive atmosphere.

2. Properly Concluding the Meeting

  • Summarize Key Points: Before ending the meeting, the host or a designated participant should summarize the key decisions and points discussed.
  • Clarify Next Steps: Ensure that everyone is clear about the next steps. This might include deadlines, responsibilities, or upcoming meetings.
  • Thank Participants: Acknowledge the contributions of the participants. A simple expression of gratitude can boost morale and the sense of team cohesion.
  • Confirm the Meeting End: Clearly state that the meeting is concluded to avoid confusion, and give a moment for any last-second questions or comments.

3. Follow-up and Action Items

  • Distribute Minutes Promptly: Send out the meeting minutes while the discussion remains fresh in participants’ minds, ideally within 24 hours.
  • Highlight Action Items and Owners: Clearly outline action items along with who is responsible for each task and the deadlines.
  • Set Reminders: Utilize project management tools or calendar reminders for follow-ups on action items to keep everyone on track.
  • Offer Feedback Channels: Provide a way for attendees to give feedback on the meeting to improve future interactions.
  • Acknowledge Completion: As tasks are completed, acknowledge the work done. This keeps the team motivated and focused on progress.

Adhering to these practices in the Q&A and follow-up phases of virtual meetings not only ensures that everyone leaves the meeting with a clear understanding of their responsibilities but also fosters an environment of respect and acknowledgment.

This leads to more productive meetings in the future and a strong sense of team collaboration.


As we navigate the landscape of remote work and digital collaboration, mastering virtual meeting etiquette has become indispensable. From when you log in punctually to the final seconds of closing a meeting, each action contributes to a seamless and productive online interaction. 

The key takeaways from our guide underscore the significance of punctuality, minimizing disruptions, engaging effectively during Q&A sessions, and the critical nature of structured follow-ups with clear action items.

The caliber of your professional presence in virtual meetings can greatly influence your career trajectory. It not only reflects your respect for colleagues’ time and contributions but also enhances communication efficacy, fosters collaboration, and upholds the integrity of the virtual workplace.

Implementing the guidelines outlined in this article is not merely about adhering to a set of rules; it’s about cultivating a professional demeanor that thrives in the digital age. 

As you incorporate these practices into your routine, you may find that they not only improve the quality of your virtual meetings but also enrich your professional relationships and productivity. Let’s embrace these virtual meeting etiquettes and set a standard for excellence in our online interactions.

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Oluwadamilola Osisanya

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