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How to Become a Nail Technician

By Alyciah Beavers


Have you ever admired exquisitely designed nails and wondered about the talented hands that bring these miniature masterpieces to life? Embark on a journey that merges artistic flair with technical expertise – welcome to becoming a nail technician! As you delve into this thrilling realm of beauty and self-expression, you’ll uncover the secrets to crafting stunning nail designs and discover how to turn your passion for nails into a fulfilling and rewarding career as a nail technician.

Career Summary

Nail Technician Salary

Nail Technician Salary

In the United States, a nail technician earns $57,827, with an average salary of $44,640. An estimated extra pay of $13,187 annually includes cash bonuses, commissions, profit sharing, and tips.

Here is a breakdown based on the level of your experience:

  • Entry Salary (US$45k)
  • Median Salary (US$58k)
  • Executive Salary (US$75k)

To put this into perspective, the annual average salary for all occupations is $61,900. Therefore the average income for a nail technician is slightly lower than the national average for all occupations.

Nail Technician Job Description

A nail technician, also called a manicurist or pedicurist, is an artist who pampers and cares for clients’ nails in myriad ways. It ranges from expertly shaping and trimming nails to skillfully applying vibrant polishes, thus transforming ordinary nails into stunning canvases of self-expression.

However, their craft goes beyond aesthetics, for nail technicians are also committed to maintaining nail health and hygiene. It offers rejuvenating treatments and soothing massages that provide relaxation and revitalization and leave clients with impeccable nails and a sense of confidence.

Nail Technician Career Progression

A nail technician’s career progression can vary depending on their skills, experience, and personal goals.

Here is an outline of the career progression for a nail technician:

  • Entry-Level Nail Technician/Trainee: After completing their education and obtaining any required licenses or certifications, individuals usually start their careers as entry-level nail technicians to gain practical experience.
  • Specialization: Nail technicians can choose to specialize in specific areas within the industry. This could include nail art, acrylic or gel nail extensions, nail health, and repair, or even becoming an educator for nail technology programs.
  • Senior Nail Technician: With experience and proven expertise, a nail technician can progress to a lead position in a salon or spa. In this role, they may have additional responsibilities, such as training and supervising junior technicians, managing inventory, or assisting with salon operations.
  • Nail Salon Owner: Some experienced nail technicians decide to start their nail salons or studios. This step involves entrepreneurial skills and may require additional business management, marketing, and financial planning knowledge.
  • Nail Art Competitor or Influencer: Some nail technicians focus on the artistry of the profession, entering competitions or becoming social media influencers to showcase their unique designs.
Nail Technician Career Progression


  • You can express your artistic abilities and creativity daily.
  • The satisfaction of seeing your clients’ smiles when they leave with perfectly manicured nails.
  • You build deep client relationships, becoming a trusted friend.
  • Salons offer a relaxed and positive work environment, boosting job satisfaction.


  • Nail technicians work with various chemicals, such as acrylics, gels, and polishes, daily.
  • The job often involves repetitive movements and intricate handwork, which can lead to repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) like carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Many nail technicians work long hours, resulting in fatigue and a lack of work-life balance.
  • Some nail technicians may struggle with low wages, especially when starting their careers.

Useful Skills to Have As a Nail Technical

Here are some essential skills to consider:

  • Nail artistry.
  • Manicure and pedicure techniques.
  • Nail health and sanitation.
  • Product knowledge and staying updated with the latest nail care products, tools, and equipment.
  • Communication and customer service.

Popular Nail Technical Specialties

There are several popular nail technician specialties that professionals can pursue to offer specialized services to their clients:

  • Manicurist
  • Nail Artist
  • Nail Art Educator
  • Nail Care for Specific Needs
  • Nail Health Specialist

How to become a Nail Technician

Nail Technician 5 Steps to Career

Becoming a nail technician is a journey that combines creativity, precision, and a passion for nail care. The common steps to embarking on this fulfilling career begin with a spark of interest and a desire to express artistry through nails.

The next phase involves hands-on training, practice to hone your skills, and obtaining a state license to operate within your state. Thus, your journey from a budding enthusiast to a seasoned professional is a testament to your dedication, talent, and the transformative power of artistic flair in shaping confidence and beauty.

Step 1: Complete a Nail Technician Program

Enroll in a state-approved nail technician or cosmetology program. These are often offered at vocational schools, community colleges, or beauty schools.  The time it takes to get a  certification in nail technology can vary depending on the specific program and the state in which you are studying.

On average, you can complete a nail technology program in a few weeks to a few months. These programs often consist of a certain number of required training hours, ranging from around 200 to 600. The duration of the program will depend on how many hours you can attend per week and the specific requirements set by the school or regulatory body in your area.

It’s recommended to contact your state’s cosmetology or professional licensing board for information on the most accurate and up-to-date education and training requirements.

Can I Become A Nail Technician Through Online Education?

Yes, it is possible to pursue nail technician training and education online. However, online programs’ availability and accreditation may vary depending on your location and the regulations set forth by your state’s licensing board.

Before enrolling in any online program, thoroughly research the school or institution offering the course, check its accreditation status, and verify that its curriculum aligns with the requirements of your local licensing board.

What Are Some Web Resources To Learn Skills To Become A Nail Technician?

Several web resources are available to learn how to become a nail technician. These resources offer a variety of courses and tutorials, both free and paid, to help you acquire the necessary knowledge and expertise in nail care and artistry.

Here are some popular web resources:

  • This website provides a comprehensive look at the nail industry with articles on techniques, business advice for nail techs, product reviews, and more.
  • Nailcare Academy offers comprehensive nail technician courses online. These require payment but provide structured curricula and certification upon completion.
  • The Nailasaurus: This popular blog is known for detailed nail art tutorials and swatches.
  • Scratch Magazine: Based in the UK, this is an online and print magazine dedicated to the nail industry.
  • Nail Forums: Participating in online nail forums, such as Salon Geek, allows you to interact with other nail enthusiasts and professionals. You can ask questions, seek advice, and share your progress.
  • Professional Associations: Nail industry organizations, like Associated Nail Professionals (ANP), sometimes provide resources for aspiring nail technicians. They may have webinars, workshops, or educational materials to support skill development.
  • Instagram: Instagram is a visual platform where numerous nail artists and technicians showcase their work. You can follow them to get inspiration and learn from their techniques. An example is chalkboardnails by nail artist Sarah Thompson.
  • Nail Product Manufacturers: Some nail product manufacturers and brands offer educational resources on their websites. They may have video tutorials and written guides on using their products effectively.

Step 2: Gain Practical Experience

Gaining practical experience is crucial for personal and professional growth. To acquire practical knowledge, seek opportunities that align with your interests and career goals. Consider internships, part-time jobs, or volunteering.

Engaging in hands-on projects and workshops can also be valuable. Networking with professionals in nail technology can lead to valuable mentorship and real-world exposure.

Remember, learning from direct experience provides invaluable insights that theory alone cannot offer, leading to a well-rounded skill set and increased confidence in your abilities.

What Are Internship Opportunities For A Nail Technician?

As a nail technician, several internship opportunities are available to gain practical experience and enhance your skills in the beauty industry. Internships can be beneficial for building your portfolio, networking, and learning from experienced professionals.

Here are some potential internship opportunities for a nail technician:

  • Salons and Spas: Many salons and spas offer internship programs for aspiring nail technicians. These internships allow you to work closely with seasoned professionals, learn about different nail techniques, and gain hands-on experience in a professional setting.
  • Beauty Schools: Some beauty schools or vocational training institutes may offer internship placements for their students. These internships often provide additional training and allow you to work with real clients under supervision.
  • Nail Product Companies: Companies manufacturing and selling nail products may offer internships. Working with such companies can give you insights into the development and marketing of nail care products.
  • Fashion Shows and Events: Interning at fashion shows or beauty events can be a great way to showcase your skills and creativity. You may get to work on models’ nails for photo shoots, runway shows, or promotional events.
  • Editorial and Media: Magazines, beauty blogs, and other media outlets sometimes offer internships for nail technicians. This provides exposure to editorial nail art and collaboration with stylists and photographers.
  • Nail Art Studios: Specialized nail art studios might have intern positions where you can learn unique and creative techniques from expert nail artists.
  • Bridal and Events: Some wedding planners or event companies may have internship opportunities for nail technicians to provide manicure and pedicure services for bridal parties and special events.

When searching for internship opportunities, contact local beauty establishments, nail salons, and spas to inquire about their programs. You can also check online job boards, social media groups, and beauty-related websites for internship postings. Remember to highlight your skills, passion for nails, and willingness to learn when applying for internships.

What Skills Will I Learn As A Nail Technician?

As a nail technician, you will learn a range of skills and techniques related to nail care, nail art, and overall nail health. These skills will enable you to provide various services to your clients.

Some skills you’ll learn include:

  • Manicures and Pedicures: You will learn the art of shaping, filing, and buffing nails, as well as how to care for the cuticles. You’ll also be skilled in providing pedicures involving foot care, exfoliation, and moisturizing.
  • Nail Polish Application: Mastering the precise application of nail polish is essential for a professional and long-lasting finish. You’ll learn various techniques for applying regular nail polish, gel polish, and other nail coatings.
  • Nail Art: learn how to create intricate designs using different tools, colors, and techniques like stamping, freehand painting, and embellishments like gems and stickers.
  • Nail Extensions: You’ll be trained in applying artificial nail extensions, including acrylic and gel extensions. It involves shaping and sculpting the extensions to achieve the desired look.
  • Nail Health and Sanitation: As a professional nail technician, you’ll prioritize the health and safety of your clients. This includes learning about proper sanitation, sterilization, and hygiene practices to prevent infections and promote healthy nails.
  • Nail Anatomy and Disorders: Understanding the structure of the nails and common nail disorders is crucial for identifying potential issues and offering appropriate advice or referrals when necessary.
  • Client Communication: Excellent communication skills are essential for any beauty professional. You’ll learn how to interact with clients, understand their preferences, and provide appropriate recommendations based on their needs.
  • Sales and Retail Skills: Nail technicians often recommend products for at-home nail care, and learning how to sell and promote relevant products effectively benefits clients and your business.
  • Time Management: Managing appointments and ensuring timely services will be a valuable skill to keep your business running smoothly and maintain client satisfaction.
  • Nail Product Knowledge: Understanding the different nail products, their ingredients, and how they interact with various nail types will help you choose the best products for your client’s needs.
  • Business Management: If you plan to operate your nail salon or work as a freelance nail technician, you’ll need business management skills to handle finances, marketing, and administrative tasks.

Step 3: Pass the Licensing Exam

The next crucial step is passing the licensing exam. This examination is typically mandated by the state or regional governing body to ensure that all nail technicians meet the minimum standards of knowledge and practice.

The exam generally comprises two main components:

  • Written Component: This section tests your theoretical understanding of nail care. Topics might include the anatomy of the nail, diseases and disorders, sanitation protocols, and the science of various nail products.
  • Practical Component: Here, candidates are required to demonstrate their hands-on skills. You might be asked to perform specific nail services, showcase proper sanitation practices, or demonstrate proficiency in using nail tools and products.

Step 4: Obtain a License

Once you’ve successfully passed the licensing exam, the next step is to formally apply for your nail technician license. This involves:

Application Process: Submit a detailed application to the licensing board or agency in your region.

This usually requires proof of completed education hours, your exam scores, and possibly some personal identification details.

  • Fees: Most licensing boards will require an application fee. This cost varies by region and sometimes depends on the type of license you’re applying for.
  • Renewal: Keep in mind that a nail technician license isn’t a one-time acquisition. Licenses often have expiration dates and need to be renewed periodically, which might also come with associated fees.

Step 5: Pursue Continuous Education

The beauty industry, especially the realm of nail care, is dynamic and ever-evolving. To stay relevant and up-to-date, continuous education is paramount. In some regions, ongoing education hours are a prerequisite for license renewal. This ensures technicians are updated on the latest techniques, safety protocols, and product knowledge.

Even if your region doesn’t mandate continuous education, you should pursue it for skill enhancement and networking. Advanced courses can help you refine your techniques, learn new nail art trends, or master the use of the latest products in the market. Attending workshops, seminars, or trade shows allows you to connect with industry peers, learn from seasoned professionals, and even discover new employment or business opportunities.

By embracing continuous learning, you not only bolster your professional prowess but also ensure a fulfilling, long-lasting career in the nail industry.

What’s the Career Outlook for Nail Technicians?

The career outlook for nail technicians in the USA is generally positive, but it’s essential to note that job market conditions can change over time. Researchers indicate that this job will have a 22% growth between 2021 and 2031.

Nail Technician Popular Career Specialties

What Are The Job Opportunities Of A Nail Technician?

As a nail technician, you can explore various job opportunities in the beauty and wellness industry.

Here are some potential job opportunities for nail technicians:

  • Nail Salon Technician: Working in a nail salon is one of the most common career paths for nail technicians. You would provide nail care services to clients, including shaping, polishing, and decorating nails. Additionally, you might offer services like gel nails, acrylic nails, and nail extensions.
  • Spa Nail Technician: Spas often offer nail care services as part of their relaxation and pampering packages. As a spa nail technician, you would provide manicures and pedicures while contributing to the overall spa experience.
  • Resort or Cruise Ship Nail Technician: Some resorts and cruise ships employ nail technicians to provide nail services to guests or passengers. This opportunity may allow you to work in a unique and diverse environment while catering to a broad clientele.
  • Freelance Nail Artist: As a skilled nail technician, you can work as a freelancer and provide your services on a mobile basis or in clients’ homes.
  • Nail Product Sales Representative: If you have a passion for nail products and good sales skills, you could work as a sales representative for nail care product companies. Your role would involve promoting and selling nail care products to salons, spas, and retailers.
  • Editorial or Fashion Nail Artist: Nail technicians with a creative flair can pursue opportunities in the fashion and editorial industry. You may get hired for photo shoots, fashion shows, or magazine shoots to create unique nail art and styles for models and celebrities.
  • Nail Instructor or Educator: If you enjoy teaching and have excellent communication skills, you can become a nail instructor at a beauty school or vocational institution. You’d train and mentor aspiring nail technicians, helping them develop their skills and techniques.

What Type Of Companies Hire A Nail Technician?

Some of the types of companies that hire nail technicians include:

  • Nail Salons: This is the most common and traditional workplace for nail technicians. They work alongside other beauty professionals to provide nail care services to clients.
  • Spas and Wellness Centers: Many hotels offer nail services as part of their relaxation and beauty packages. Nail technicians may work alongside massage therapists, estheticians, and other wellness professionals.
  • Beauty Salons: Full-service beauty salons often hire nail technicians as part of their team, offering comprehensive beauty services, including hair, makeup, and nails.
  • Hotels and Resorts: High-end hotels and resorts may have on-site spas or beauty salons that employ nail technicians to cater to guests’ needs.
  • Cruise Ships: Some cruise lines offer spa services, including nail treatments, and hire nail technicians to work on their ships.
  • Health and Fitness Clubs: Larger health clubs or fitness centers with wellness facilities may offer nail services to their members and hire nail technicians for this purpose.
  • Retail Stores: Some retail stores, especially those focused on beauty and cosmetics, may have nail care sections where they hire nail technicians to offer manicures and related services.
  • Events and Entertainment Industry: Nail technicians might be hired for special events, fashion shows, photo shoots, or movie/TV productions to provide nail styling for models and actors.
  • Medical Spas and Podiatry Clinics: Sometimes, nail technicians may work in medical spas or podiatry clinics that provide specialized nail care for patients with specific foot-related conditions.
  • Senior Living Facilities: Some senior living communities offer on-site beauty services for their residents, and nail technicians may be part of the beauty team.

What Is The Work-Life Balance Of A Nail Technician?

The work-life balance of a nail technician can vary depending on several factors, such as their employment arrangement (self-employed or working for a salon), the salon’s hours of operation, client demand, and individual preferences.

  • Salon Hours: Nail technicians working in a salon may have more predictable working hours, primarily if the salon operates on a fixed schedule. However, some salons may require evening and weekend shifts to accommodate clients who work during regular business hours.
  • Self-Employment: Self-employed nail technicians have more flexibility in setting their working hours. While this can be advantageous regarding work-life balance, it may also mean taking on administrative tasks and handling client scheduling independently.
  • Client Demand: Nail technicians working in high-demand areas or with a large client base may find themselves with less flexibility in their schedules, as they need to meet client appointments and demands.
  • Peak Seasons: Certain times of the year, such as holidays or special events, may be busier for nail technicians, affecting their work-life balance during these periods.
  • Physical Demands: The nature of the job can be physically demanding, as nail technicians spend significant time performing repetitive tasks.
  • Stress Levels: Like any customer-facing role, dealing with clients and their expectations can be stressful, especially during busy periods or when handling difficult customers.

Ultimately, setting clear boundaries with clients and maintaining a balance between work and personal life is vital for a healthy work-life balance.

Should I become a Nail Technician?

It depends on what your life goals are! Like any other career, becoming a nail technician has pros and cons. The pro is you get to follow your dreams and meet clients from all walks of life. On the other hand, one of the cons is that you might not get a chance to make as much money as most people in other professions.

However, if you’re passionate about beauty and craftsmanship and value the personal connections you can make in this profession, the rewards can be more than just monetary. Ultimately, the decision lies in weighing your personal aspirations against the challenges and deciding if they align with your vision for your future.

If you have an artistic flair, enjoy forming meaningful relationships with clients, and seek a career with flexibility and continuous learning, then becoming a nail technician might just be the perfect fit for you.

Careers Related to Nail Technician

Alyciah Beavers

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