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How to Become a Lighting Technician

By Ibrahim Okunade


Do you find yourself mesmerized by the interplay of light and shadow in the world around you? If so, the lighting technology realm might be the ideal career path for you. This article explains the steps, education, skills, and resources needed to unlock a world where creativity and technology merge to turn darkness into breathtaking brilliance.

Career Summary

Lighting Technician Salary

Lighting Technician Salary

A lighting technician salary can vary a lot depending on a few factors. The main factors determining your salary are experience and the company you work with.

The salary breakdown is as follows:

  • Entry Salary (US$35k)
  • Median Salary (US$43k)
  • Executive Salary (US$53k)

The lighting technician salary, as broken down above, is less than the national mean wage of U.S. citizens, which was approximately $61,900 per year as of 2022.

What does a Lighting Technician do?

A lighting technician is responsible for the setup, operation, and maintenance of lighting equipment in various industries such as theater, film, live events, architecture, and more. They work to create and control lighting effects that enhance the visual and atmospheric aspects of performances, events, and spaces. This includes designing and executing lighting schemes, programming lighting control systems, and ensuring the safety and functionality of lighting equipment.

Lighting Technician Career Progression

  • Entry-Level Lighting Technician: An entry-level lighting technician starts with basic tasks, such as setting up and operating lighting equipment, under the guidance of more experienced technicians or designers. They learn the fundamentals of lighting technology and safety protocols.
  • Assistant Lighting Technician: An assistant lighting technician may take on more responsibilities, assisting in the design and execution of lighting cues and effects. They often work closely with lighting designers and other team members.
  • Lighting Technician: This role involves independently setting up, operating, and maintaining lighting equipment for various productions or events. Lighting technicians may also start specializing in specific areas, such as theater, film, or live events.
  • Senior Lighting Technician: Senior lighting technicians take on leadership roles within the lighting department, overseeing equipment setup, troubleshooting, and mentoring junior technicians. They are trusted to handle more complex lighting designs and systems.
  • Lighting Designer: Lighting technicians with a strong creative and design aptitude can transition into lighting design roles. Lighting designers are responsible for creating the overall lighting concept and executing designs for productions, architectural projects, or live events.
Lighting Technician Career Progression

Pros and Cons of Working as a Light Tech


  • Lighting technicians can work in various industries, including theater, film, live events, architecture, etc.
  • Technicians have access to cutting-edge lighting equipment and control systems, which allows them to stay at the forefront of technological advancements.
  • The demand for skilled lighting technicians remains strong, offering stable job prospects and potential for career growth.
  • Live events and touring productions often require lighting technicians to travel, providing the chance to see different places and cultures.
  • Seeing the impact of their work on the audience’s experience can be highly satisfying for lighting technicians.


  • Lighting technicians often work evenings, weekends, and irregular hours to support live events, performances, or film shoots, which can disrupt work-life balance.
  • The job can be physically demanding, involving lifting and climbing.
  • Working under pressure, especially during live events, can be stressful.
  • Travelling for events can be exhausting.
  • Handling electrical equipment and working at heights can pose safety risks.

Useful Skills to Have as a Lighting Technician

  • Technical Proficiency
  • Lighting Design and Color Theory
  • Rigging and Safety
  • Attention to Detail
  • Communication
  • Creativity and Artistic Sensibility
  • Physical Stamina

Popular Lighting Technician Specialties

  • Theater Lighting Technician
  • Film Lighting Technician
  • Concert and Live Event Lighting Technician
  • Architectural Lighting Technician
  • Television Lighting Technician
  • Museum and Gallery Lighting Technician

How to become a Lighting Technician

Lighting Technician 5 Steps to Career

Step 1: Complete Your Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is typically the minimum educational requirement to enter this field. While in high school, you can start building a foundation by taking courses in subjects like theater arts, electrical technology, or audiovisual technology.

Vocational or Technical School

Many vocational or technical schools offer programs related to technical theater, lighting design, or audiovisual technology. These programs provide hands-on training and education specific to the field of lighting technology.

Also, some lighting technicians choose to pursue an associate’s degree in fields such as theater production, technical theater, or electrical engineering technology. These programs offer a more comprehensive education and can enhance your understanding of lighting equipment, electrical systems, and safety protocols.

Do I Need a Degree to Become a Lighting Technician?

No, you do not need a degree to become a light tech. However, a degree in a related field, such as technical theater production, set design, audio engineering, or audio/visual technology, can give you an advantage in the job market. Some employers may prefer candidates with a degree, especially for higher-level positions.

If you do not have a degree, you can still become a lighting technician by gaining experience. You can volunteer or work at a local theater, concert venue, or production company. You can also start your own lighting business or freelance for other companies.

Benefits of Having a Technical Theater Degree

A technical theater degree can offer several benefits to an aspiring light tech, as it provides a well-rounded education encompassing various aspects of theater production, including lighting.

Here are some of the advantages of having a technical theater degree:

  • Comprehensive Knowledge: Technical theater degree programs typically cover a wide range of topics related to theater production, including lighting design and technology. This comprehensive education equips you with a solid understanding of the entire production process, from script to stage.
  • Hands-On Experience: Many technical theater programs emphasize practical, hands-on experience. You’ll have the opportunity to work on real productions, which can include setting up and operating lighting equipment, designing lighting schemes, and troubleshooting technical issues.
  • Mentorship: These programs often have experienced faculty members who can serve as mentors. They can provide guidance, share their expertise, and help you develop your skills as a light tech.
  • Networking: Being part of a technical theater program allows you to build a network of contacts within the theater and entertainment industry. Networking with professors, fellow students, and industry professionals can lead to job opportunities and valuable connections.
  • Portfolio Development: Many degree programs require you to create a portfolio of your work, including lighting designs and projects. This portfolio can serve as a valuable tool when seeking employment as a light tech.
  • Academic Credentials: A degree can be advantageous when applying for positions in competitive job markets or seeking higher-level roles. Some employers may prefer candidates with formal education.

How Much Does a Technical Theater Degree Cost?

The financial cost of getting a technical theater degree, like other degrees, depends on the university you attend and a few other things. According to the College Tuition Compare, the average cost of tuition and fees for a bachelor’s degree in technical theater is $11,527 for in-state students and $34,593 for out-of-state students.

How Long Does It Take to Get a Technical Theater Degree?

A bachelor’s degree in technical theater usually takes about four years of full-time study to complete.

Can I Become a Lighting Technician Through Online Education?

Yes, you can become a lighting technician through online education. There are a number of online courses and programs that can teach you the skills and knowledge you need to work as a lighting technician.

Some of the benefits of becoming a lighting technician through online education are:

  • Flexibility: Online courses and programs offer a great deal of flexibility, allowing you to learn at your own pace and on your own schedule. This is ideal for students who are working full-time or who have other commitments.
  • Affordability: Online courses and programs are often more affordable than traditional college programs.
  • Accessibility: Online courses and programs are accessible to students from all over the world.

However, there are also some challenges to becoming a lighting technician through online education. One challenge is that you will not be able to gain hands-on experience with lighting equipment. It is important to supplement your online education with hands-on experience by volunteering or working at a local theater, concert venue, or production company.

Another challenge is that some employers may prefer candidates with a traditional college degree. However, with the right skills and experience, you can still find a job as a lighting technician, even if you have an online degree.

What Are Some Web Resources for Lighting Technicians?

Lighting technicians can access web resources to enhance their knowledge and skills in the field.

Here are some valuable online platforms and websites to help lighting technicians stay informed and expand their expertise:

  • United States Institute of Theater Technology: The United States Institute for Theatre Technology (USITT) website provides resources, publications, and information about industry events and educational opportunities.
  • ETC (Electronic Theatre Controls): ETC is a major player in the lighting industry. Their website offers a wealth of educational resources, including webinars, articles, and video tutorials on lighting control and equipment.
  • PLSN: Projection, Lights, and Staging News (PLSN) is an online magazine that covers news and trends in the live event and entertainment lighting industry.
  • ControlBooth: ControlBooth is an online community for technicians, including lighting professionals. It features forums, articles, and resources on various technical aspects of live events and theater production.
  • Entertainment Technology Press: Entertainment Technology Press features articles, product information, and industry updates related to lighting and technology.

Step 2: Gain Practical Experience

Practical experience is a crucial component of becoming a skilled and competent lighting technician. It involves hands-on work in real-world settings, allowing you to apply the knowledge you’ve gained from formal education and online resources to practical situations.

While you may not get senior roles straight out of college, you can certainly amass the needed experience through entry-level positions and internships. These early career opportunities provide a valuable learning ground, allowing you to build a strong foundation in lighting technology. As you gain hands-on experience and develop your skills, you’ll have the chance to work alongside seasoned professionals who can serve as mentors and guides.

What Are Internship Opportunities for a Lighting Technician?

Here are some common internship opportunities for lighting technicians:

  • Theater Internships: Interning at a theater company or venue can provide practical experience in lighting for live performances. You may assist with lighting setup, operate lighting consoles during shows, and learn about the unique demands of theater lighting design.
  • Film and Television Internships: Interning on film or television productions allows you to work with professional lighting teams. You can gain experience in studio and location lighting setups, operate lighting equipment, and learn about lighting techniques for different types of shoots.
  • Concert and Event Production Internships: Internships with concert and event production companies offer exposure to the live event industry. You may assist in setting up lighting rigs for concerts, festivals, corporate events, or trade shows.
  • Lighting Design Studios: Interning with lighting design studios or individual lighting designers can offer exposure to the creative and technical aspects of lighting design. You may work on projects ranging from theatrical productions to architectural lighting installations.
  • Festivals and Events: Some large-scale festivals and events hire lighting interns to assist with the setup, operation, and maintenance of lighting equipment for stages, booths, and displays.
  • Educational Institutions: Universities and colleges with theater or technical theater programs may offer internships within their lighting departments. These internships may involve assisting with student productions and events.
  • Production Companies and Rental Houses: Interning with production companies or lighting equipment rental houses provides exposure to various aspects of lighting technology, including equipment maintenance, inventory management, and client interactions.

When seeking internship opportunities, it’s essential to research organizations, reach out to industry professionals, and check internship listings on job search websites, theater-related forums, and the websites of relevant companies and institutions.

What Skills Will I Learn as a Lighting Technician?

A proficient lighting technician needs a wide array of skills. These skills encompass the job’s technical, creative, and practical aspects and can be applied across various industries, including theater, film, television, live events, and architectural lighting.

Here are some of the key skills you will learn as a light tech:

Technical Skills

  • Equipment Operation: You will become proficient in operating various types of lighting fixtures, including conventional lights, LED fixtures, moving lights, and follow spots.
  • Lighting Control Systems: You’ll learn how to use lighting control consoles, software-based control systems, and protocols like DMX to create and run lighting cues.
  • Rigging and Installation: You’ll gain knowledge of rigging techniques and safety procedures for hanging and securing lighting equipment.
  • Electrical Knowledge: Understanding electrical systems, circuits, and power distribution is crucial for safely connecting and powering lighting fixtures.

Lighting Design and Aesthetics

  • Color Theory: You’ll develop an understanding of how color temperature, color mixing, and color psychology impact lighting design.
  • Lighting Principles: You’ll learn the fundamentals of lighting design, such as focus, intensity, angle, and contrast.
  • Creative Lighting Techniques: As a lighting technician, you’ll explore techniques for creating dynamic and visually appealing lighting effects to enhance productions.

Safety and Maintenance

  • Safety Protocols: You’ll prioritize safety by adhering to industry-standard safety protocols for equipment setup, electrical connections, and working at heights.
  • Equipment Maintenance: You’ll learn how to maintain and troubleshoot lighting equipment, including cleaning, bulb replacement, and basic repairs.


  • Technical Troubleshooting: Lighting technicians need to diagnose and address technical issues quickly during live events or productions.
  • Adaptability: You’ll develop the ability to adapt to changing lighting requirements and unexpected challenges on the job.

Step 3: Build Your Portfolio

When people ask about what you can do as a lighting technician, it is better to show your work rather than describe it. Therefore, creating a portfolio as a lighting technician is essential for showcasing your skills to potential employers or clients. Begin by selecting a range of projects that highlight your skills, versatility, and expertise as a lighting technician. These projects can include theater productions, live events, film shoots, architectural lighting installations, or any other relevant work you’ve been involved in.

Compile these materials into a digital portfolio or printed version, ensuring high-quality visuals and clear explanations for each project. Share your portfolio online and during networking opportunities to demonstrate your expertise and professionalism in lighting design and technology. Regularly update your portfolio to reflect your most recent work and maintain a fresh showcase of your skills.

Step 4: Network With Other Professionals

Networking is a crucial step for lighting technicians because it’s how you connect with other professionals in the field. These connections can help you find job opportunities and learn from experienced technicians. Imagine it as making friends in your industry who can offer advice, recommend you for jobs, and share their knowledge. Building a network allows you to tap into the collective wisdom and support of people who understand the ins and outs of the lighting world, making your career journey smoother and more successful.

What’s the Career Outlook for Lighting Technicians?

Based on the available statistic that projects a 10% growth in demand for lighting technician jobs from 2018 to 2028, the job outlook for lighting technicians is promising.

Several factors contribute to this positive job outlook for lighting technicians. The entertainment industry, including theater, film, concerts, and live events, continues to thrive and evolve, creating a consistent demand for skilled lighting professionals. Additionally, advancements in lighting technology, such as LED fixtures and digital control systems, have expanded the possibilities for innovative lighting designs, further fueling the need for qualified technicians.

Lighting Technician Popular Career Specialties

What are the Job Opportunities of a Lighting Technician?

  • Theater Lighting Technician: Works in theaters and playhouses to set up, operate, and maintain lighting equipment for theatrical productions.
  • Film and Television Lighting Technician: Works on film and television sets to handle lighting setups, including positioning, adjusting, and operating lights to achieve desired visual effects.
  • Live Event Lighting Technician: Provides lighting support for live events such as concerts, corporate presentations, and conferences by setting up and controlling lighting equipment.
  • Lighting Programmer: Focuses on programming lighting control systems to create specific lighting effects, cues, and transitions for live performances, film, or architectural installations.
  • Lighting Equipment Technician: Specializes in the maintenance, repair, and upkeep of lighting fixtures and equipment, either as part of a rental company or within an organization’s technical department.

What Type of Organizations Hire Lighting Technicians?

Lighting technicians are hired by a wide variety of organizations, including:

  • Theaters and Performing Arts Venues: Theatrical organizations, including Broadway theaters, regional theaters, and community theaters, hire lighting technicians to support stage productions.
  • Film and Television Production Companies: Film studios, television networks, and production companies employ lighting technicians for film shoots, TV shows, commercials, and other video content.
  • Live Event and Entertainment Companies: Event production companies, concert promoters, and entertainment venues hire lighting technicians for live events, concerts, festivals, and corporate gatherings.
  • Theme Parks and Attractions: Theme parks, amusement parks, and entertainment attractions employ lighting technicians to enhance visitor experiences and create immersive environments.
  • Architectural and Lighting Design Firms: Lighting designers and technicians are employed by firms that specialize in architectural and interior lighting design, creating lighting solutions for buildings, landscapes, and public spaces.
  • Cruise Ships: Lighting technicians may be hired to manage lighting systems on cruise ships in various on-board entertainment venues.
  • Corporate Event and AV Companies: Organizations that provide audiovisual (AV) services for corporate events, conferences, and trade shows have positions for lighting technicians.
  • Concert and Touring Productions: Concert touring companies, bands, and music artists hire lighting technicians to ensure captivating and dynamic lighting effects during live performances.
  • Museums and Art Galleries: Cultural institutions hire lighting technicians to design and install lighting systems for exhibits and artwork displays.
  • Educational Institutions: Colleges, universities, and schools with theater or technical theater programs may hire lighting technicians to support student productions and manage theater facilities.
  • Sports Arenas and Stadiums: Lighting technicians are responsible for designing and operating lighting systems for sporting events and concerts in large venues.
  • Exhibition and Trade Show Companies: These companies hire lighting technicians to create captivating booth and exhibit lighting for trade shows and exhibitions.

Balancing Work and Life as a Lighting Technician

The work-life balance of lighting technicians can vary depending on the industry in which they work and their specific job. However, lighting technicians often work irregular schedules, including evenings, weekends, and holidays. This is because they are often needed to work during performances, events, and productions.

Here are some considerations regarding the work-life balance of lighting technicians:

  • Industry: Lighting technicians work in various industries, such as theater, film, and live events. The work-life balance can differ between these sectors. For example, theater technicians may have more regular and predictable schedules with evening performances, while live event technicians might work irregular hours, including weekends and holidays.
  • Project Types: The nature of the project can impact work-life balance. Technicians working on long-term theater productions or film shoots may have a more stable schedule compared to those involved in touring shows or one-time events, which can be more demanding and require extensive travel.
  • Experience Level: Entry-level lighting technicians may have less control over their schedules, as they often take on a wide range of tasks and may work longer hours during load-ins and load-outs. Experienced technicians may have more influence over their schedules and work on higher-profile projects with more predictable hours.
  • Freelance vs. Full-Time: Some lighting technicians work as freelancers, which can offer flexibility in choosing projects but may also involve periods of downtime between gigs. Full-time positions with theaters, production companies, or studios may provide more stability in terms of work hours and benefits.

Should I become a Lighting Technician?

Overall, whether or not you should become a lighting technician is a question only you can answer. If you have a passion for working with light, creating visually captivating experiences, and a keen interest in the technical and artistic aspects of the field, then pursuing a career as a lighting technician can be a fulfilling and rewarding path.

This profession spans various industries, from theater and film to live events and architecture, so understanding your passion within this field is vital. Do you find fulfillment in crafting mesmerizing lighting designs for the theater, or are you drawn to the dynamic world of live event lighting? This self-discovery process is where your journey begins.

In the world of lighting technology, a committed and well-informed approach is the key to unlocking your full potential. Remember, it’s not just about illuminating spaces; it’s about shaping unforgettable experiences, one beam of light at a time.

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Ibrahim Okunade

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