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How to Become an Information Security Analyst

By Ibrahim Okunade


If you’re interested in a career where you help secure digital information, becoming an information security analyst could be an exciting path. As an infosec analyst, you will help safeguard sensitive data and identify vulnerabilities. You will also implement robust security measures and respond to security incidents.

Career Summary

Information Security Analyst Salary

Information Security Analyst Salary

Information security analysts earn a decent salary that compares favorably to other professions. It’s important to note that factors like experience, industry, and location also affect the salary.

Per Glassdoor, the salary of information security analysts is as follows:

  • Entry Salary (US$70k)
  • Median Salary (US$107k)
  • Executive Salary (US$169k)

Compared to the national average income of US citizens which was US$61,900 in 2022, Information Security Analysts get paid quite well.

What does an Information Security Analyst do?

Information security analysts are professionals that protect computer networks, systems, and data from security breaches and unauthorized access. They assess risks, monitor security systems, investigate incidents, and implement security measures. They also provide recommendations to ensure confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets.

Information Security Analyst Career Progression

  • Junior Information Security Analyst: Entry-level position that monitors security systems, conducts risk assessments, and assists with incident response.
  • Senior Information Security Analyst: Mid-level position with increased responsibilities. Leads security projects, develops security policies and procedures, and performs advanced security assessments.
  • Security Operations Center (SOC) Manager: Leads a Security Operations Center. Monitors and responds to security incidents. Manages a team of analysts and implements incident response procedures.
  • Chief Information Security Officer (CISO): Executive role that serves as the organization’s top-level security executive. Sets security strategies, manages budgets, and ensures compliance with industry regulations.
Information Security Analyst Career Progression


  • Information security analysts often enjoy competitive compensation and benefits.
  • The demand for skilled information security analysts is consistently high.
  • They can work in various industries, including technology and finance.
  • It offers new challenges consistently.
  • Information security analysts enjoy a relatively good work-life balance.


  • Dealing with complex compliance and regulations.
  • The dilemma of balancing usability and security.
  • It comes with high pressure at times.
  • Cyber threats constantly evolve, and infosec analysts must keep up.

Useful Skills to Have as an Information Security Analyst

You need some core skills to reach the pinnacle of your career as an information security analyst.

These skills are:

  • Technical Skills
  • Analytical Skills
  • Communication Skills
  • Problem-solving Skills
  • Attention to Detail
  • Ability to Learn and Adapt Quickly

Popular Information Security Analyst Specialties

There are different specialties in information security analysis.

Some of the most popular ones are listed below:

  • Vulnerability Assessment and Remediation
  • Incident Response
  • Security Auditing
  • Security Architecture
  • Security Engineering
  • Malware Analysis
  • Penetration Testing

How to become an Information Security Analyst

Information Security Analyst 5 Steps to Career

Get a Degree in Computer Science or IT

A career as an information security analyst requires a strong understanding of cybersecurity principles, industry regulations, and standards. Thus, the importance of quality education cannot be underestimated. You can set out on this path by obtaining a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or any IT-related field.

Do I Need a Degree to Become an Information Security Analyst?

While not always a strict requirement, obtaining a degree can greatly enhance your prospects of pursuing a career as an information security analyst. However, many cybersecurity and information security employers prioritize practical skills and relevant experience over formal education. It’s important to note that the specific requirements can vary depending on the organization and the level of the position you are seeking.

In the absence of a degree, gaining relevant certifications can help demonstrate your knowledge and skills to potential employers.

Moreover, self-study, practical experience, and participation in cybersecurity competitions or projects can also contribute to developing the necessary skills for an information security analyst role.

Why is it Important to Get a Degree in Computer Science or IT?

Obtaining a degree in Computer Science, Information Technology (IT), or a related field can be important for several reasons.

A computer science and IT degree program provides a comprehensive understanding of the field’s fundamental principles, theories, and concepts. It covers programming, algorithms, data structures, networking, operating systems, databases, cybersecurity, and software development methodologies. This foundational knowledge forms the basis for a successful career in various technology-related fields, including information security.

Pursuing a degree in computer science and IT allows you to develop technical skills that are highly sought after in the industry. You will gain proficiency in programming languages, software development, system administration, network management, database design, and other relevant skills. These skills are valuable for an information security analyst, enabling you to understand and work with security systems, tools, and technologies.

Computer science and IT degree programs are designed to align with industry standards and trends. They often incorporate industry-relevant projects, case studies, and practical experiences. This ensures that you are equipped with up-to-date knowledge and skills directly applicable to real-world scenarios in the technology industry, including information security.

A computer science or IT degree can enhance your credibility and increase your job prospects. Some employers in the technology sector prefer candidates with formal education as it demonstrates a commitment to learning, a solid foundation of knowledge, and the ability to think critically. Additionally, some organizations may have specific educational requirements for certain positions, and a degree can help meet those requirements.

It’s worth noting that employers often value a combination of education, skills, and relevant experience when evaluating candidates for information security analyst positions.

How Long Does it Take to Get a Computer Science or IT Degree?

Various factors affect the duration of a computer science degree. Some of these factors are the type of degree, course load, and program structure. Nonetheless, certain general timelines can give you a better idea of how long it takes.

  • Associate’s Degree: An associate’s degree in computer science or IT is a two-year program offered by community colleges or technical schools. This degree provides a foundational understanding of computer science and IT concepts and can be a stepping stone to a bachelor’s degree or entry-level position.
  • Bachelor’s Degree: A typical computer science or IT bachelor’s degree takes around four years of full-time study. This duration may vary based on factors such as the number of credits required, any co-op or internship components, and whether the student is studying on a part-time or accelerated schedule.
  • Master’s Degree: Pursuing a master’s degree in computer science or IT typically takes around 1 to 2 years of full-time study, depending on whether it is a thesis-based or non-thesis program. Master’s programs often offer specialization options, allowing students to focus on specific areas of interest, such as cybersecurity or data science.
  • Doctoral Degree: A Ph.D. in computer science or IT is a research-intensive degree that usually takes around 4 to 5 years to complete. Doctoral programs involve conducting original research in a specialized area of computer science or IT and culminate in the completion of a dissertation.

How Much Does it Cost to Study Computer Science at a University?

The cost of studying computer science varies across universities. For instance, private universities are generally more expensive than public universities. Similarly, public state universities offer in-state discounts for residents.

Overall, the tuition fee for computer science degrees at the undergraduate level costs between $9,934 and $32,635. For graduate programs, the tuition fee ranges between $11,404 and $25,678.

Note that factors such as scholarships, financial aid opportunities, living expenses, and additional fees specific to computer science programs can impact the overall cost of pursuing a degree in computer science. It’s important for prospective students to thoroughly research and compare the costs associated with different universities to make informed decisions based on their budget and financial circumstances.

Can I Become an Information Security Analyst Through Online Education?

Yes, it is possible to become an information security analyst through online education. Online education has become increasingly popular and accessible. It allows individuals to pursue their education remotely and at their own pace.

Many reputable universities and institutions offer online degree programs and certifications in cybersecurity and information security. Aspiring information security analysts who learn online must be very disciplined, manage their time effectively and stay motivated.

What are Some Web Resources for Information Security Analysts?

Several web resources are available for information security analysts that provide valuable information, tools, news, and communities. These resources help enhance their knowledge and stay updated with the latest trends and threats.

Here are some notable web resources:

  • OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project): OWASP is a non-profit organization focused on improving software security. Their website offers a wealth of resources, including security guidelines, tools, training materials, and community-driven projects related to web application security.
  • NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Cybersecurity: NIST is a U.S. federal agency that develops cybersecurity guidelines and standards. Their website offers a wide range of cybersecurity publications, frameworks (such as the NIST Cybersecurity Framework), tools, and resources to support information security professionals.
  • Krebs on Security: Brian Krebs, a renowned cybersecurity journalist, runs this website. It focuses on reporting news and in-depth analysis of security breaches, vulnerabilities, and cybercrime. It provides valuable insights and keeps information security analysts updated with the latest security incidents and trends.
  • Reddit – r/netsec: The subreddit r/netsec is a community of information security professionals sharing news, discussions, research, and resources related to cybersecurity. It is a platform for exchanging knowledge, asking questions, and staying informed about emerging threats and industry developments.
  • Dark Reading: This is an online publication that covers a wide range of cybersecurity topics. It offers news, analysis, opinion pieces, and research articles, providing information security analysts with insights into the latest threats, technologies, and industry trends.

Acquire Relevant Certifications

Acquiring relevant certifications is a crucial step in becoming an information security analyst. Certifications in the field of information security validate your knowledge, skills, and expertise. They significantly enhance your credibility and job prospects.

There are many information security certifications out there. Thus, taking time to assess each and how they can improve your CV is important. Check a typical information security analyst job description to identify the most relevant certifications required.

Here are some certifications you should consider, starting from foundational or entry-level certifications and progressing to more advanced and specialized ones:

  • CompTIA Security+: This is a foundational certification that covers essential knowledge and skills in information security, including network security, cryptography, access control, and risk management.
  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP): CISSP is a globally recognized certification that validates expertise in various domains of information security, such as security and risk management, asset security, cryptography, and security operations.
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH): CEH certification focuses on ethical hacking and penetration testing techniques. It equips professionals with the knowledge and skills to identify vulnerabilities, exploit weaknesses, and secure systems.
  • Certified Information Security Manager (CISM): CISM is a certification for information security management. It validates expertise in managing and developing an enterprise’s information security program, including risk management, incident response, and governance.
  • Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP): CCSP is a certification for professionals specializing in cloud security. It covers cloud architecture, data security, identity and access management, and legal and compliance issues in cloud environments.
  • Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP): OSCP is a hands-on certification offered by Offensive Security. It focuses on practical skills in penetration testing. The certification requires candidates to demonstrate their ability to exploit vulnerabilities and identify security weaknesses.
  • Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP): CIPP is a certification for professionals specializing in privacy and data protection. It covers regulations, frameworks, and best practices related to privacy, such as GDPR and CCPA.

These are just a few examples of relevant certifications for information security analysts. It’s important to research and select certifications based on your career goals, interests, and the specific requirements of the organizations or industries you are targeting.

Gain Practical Experience

Gaining practical experience is critical to your success as an information security analyst. There are a few different ways to gain practical experience as an information security analyst:

Internships: Internships are a great way to gain practical experience in information security. You can find internships at various organizations, including government agencies, businesses, and non-profits. Internships can allow you to work on real-world projects and learn from experienced information security professionals.

  • Volunteer Work: Volunteering is another great way to gain practical experience in information security. Many organizations need help with their information security efforts. Volunteering can allow you to work on projects that you are passionate about and learn from experienced information security professionals.
  • Participating in Hackathons: Hackathons are events where people come together to build software quickly. Hackathons can be a great way to learn about new technologies and develop your skills in information security.
  • Taking on Personal Projects: You can also gain practical experience by taking on personal projects. This could involve setting up a home security system or developing a security tool. Personal projects can help you learn about different aspects of information security and develop your skills.

No matter how you gain practical experience, getting involved in the information security community is important. This can help you network with other professionals, learn about new trends, and stay up-to-date on the latest security threats.

What are Internship Opportunities for an Information Security Analyst?

Information security analyst internships can provide valuable hands-on experience and exposure to real-world security practices. It is an opportunity to apply academic knowledge in a professional setting. This is why you should actively seek internship opportunities to improve your skills.

Here are some potential internship opportunities for information security analysts:

  • IT Security Intern: Many organizations offer IT security internships where you can work closely with the information security team. Tasks may include monitoring security systems, assisting with vulnerability assessments, conducting security audits, and participating in incident response activities.
  • Security Operations Center (SOC) Intern: SOC internships involve working in a security operations center, monitoring and analyzing security events and alerts. You may assist in incident triage, log analysis, and threat intelligence.
  • Penetration Testing Intern: Internships in penetration testing allow you to gain hands-on experience in assessing the security of systems, networks, and applications. Under the guidance of experienced professionals, you may conduct vulnerability assessments, perform penetration tests, and generate reports with recommendations for remediation.
  • Compliance and Risk Management Intern: Compliance and risk management internships focus on understanding and implementing security controls, policies, and procedures to ensure regulatory compliance. You may assist in risk assessments, policy development, and compliance audits.
  • Cybersecurity Consulting Intern: Consulting firms may offer internships where you can work with clients on security projects, such as security assessments, security program development, and security strategy formulation. This can provide exposure to a variety of industries and security challenges.
  • Incident Response Intern: Internships in incident response allow you to gain experience in managing and responding to security incidents. You may assist in incident handling and forensic analysis. You also participate in post-incident reviews to identify lessons learned and improve incident response processes.
  • Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC) Intern: GRC internships focus on understanding and implementing security governance frameworks, risk management methodologies, and compliance programs. You may assist in policy development and risk assessments and contribute to designing and implementing security controls.
  • Cybersecurity Research Intern: Research institutions or security vendors may offer internships focused on cybersecurity research. You may have the opportunity to contribute to research projects, analyze emerging threats, develop prototypes, or participate in vulnerability research.

What Skills Will I Learn as an Information Security Analyst?

As an information security analyst, you will develop a range of skills that can be categorized into technical skills, analytical skills, and related competencies. Here are some key skills you can expect to learn in these areas:

Technical Skills:
  • Network Security: You will acquire knowledge and skills in securing computer networks, including configuring firewalls, implementing intrusion detection/prevention systems (IDS/IPS), managing virtual private networks (VPNs), and understanding network protocols.
  • Systems Security: You will learn about securing operating systems (such as Windows, Linux, or macOS), including system hardening, access control, patch management, and secure configuration.
  • Secure Coding: You will understand secure coding practices and techniques to develop or review secure software applications, including input validation, secure authentication, secure session management, and protection against common vulnerabilities.
  • Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing: You will gain expertise in identifying vulnerabilities and conducting assessments using tools like vulnerability scanners. You will also learn penetration testing methodologies to simulate real-world attacks and identify potential weaknesses.
  • Security Incident and Event Management (SIEM): You will work with SIEM tools to monitor and analyze security events, manage logs, detect anomalies, and generate reports on security incidents.
  • Cryptography: You will learn about cryptographic principles, algorithms, and protocols used for secure communication, data encryption, digital signatures, and secure key management.
Analytical Skills:
  • Risk Assessment and Management: You will develop skills in assessing and managing security risks, including identifying assets, analyzing threats and vulnerabilities, calculating risk levels, and implementing risk mitigation strategies.
  • Security Incident Response: You will learn incident response procedures and develop analytical skills to handle security incidents, investigate root causes, contain and eradicate threats, and recover affected systems.
  • Security Log Analysis: You will analyze security logs and events to identify patterns, anomalies, and potential security incidents. This requires the ability to correlate and interpret data from various sources.
  • Threat Intelligence: You will develop the ability to gather, analyze, and apply threat intelligence information to understand current and emerging threats, anticipate attack vectors, and enhance proactive security measures.
  • Forensic Analysis: You will acquire skills in digital forensic analysis, including evidence collection, preservation, analysis, and reporting for investigations related to security incidents.
Other Relevant Skills:
  • Communication and Documentation: You will enhance your communication skills to effectively convey complex security concepts, risks, and recommendations to technical and non-technical stakeholders. You will also develop skills in documenting security policies, procedures, incident reports, and risk assessments.
  • Problem-Solving: Information security analysts need strong problem-solving skills to analyze complex security issues, identify solutions, and make informed decisions in time-sensitive situations.
  • Adaptability: Information security is a rapidly evolving field. As an analyst, you must continuously update your knowledge and skills to keep pace with new threats, technologies, and industry best practices.

Developing these skills requires hands-on experience, continuous learning, and a strong foundation in information security principles. As you progress in your career, you can further specialize in specific areas of information security based on your interests and career goals.

What is the Work-Life Balance of an Information Security Analyst?

The work-life balance of an information security analyst can vary depending on the organization and the role. However, information security analysts generally tend to have a good work-life balance. This is because the field is still relatively new, with a high demand for qualified analysts. Many organizations are willing to offer flexible work arrangements and other benefits to attract and retain top talent.

Here are some factors that can affect the work-life balance of an information security analyst:

  • Organization Size: Larger organizations tend to have more formal work-life balance policies, such as flextime and telecommuting.
  • Industry: Some industries, such as financial services and healthcare, are more regulated than others. This can lead to longer hours and more on-call responsibilities for information security analysts in these industries.
  • Role: Some roles in information security, such as incident response, may require more on-call responsibilities than others.

What’s the Career Outlook for Information Security Analyst?

The career outlook for information security analysts is very good. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that the employment of information security analysts will grow 35 percent from 2021 to 2031. This growth rate is much faster than the average for all occupations.

Here are some of the factors that are driving the demand for information security analysts:

  • The increasing number of cyberattacks: The number of cyberattacks is increasing yearly. Since 2013, an estimated 3.8 million records have been stolen from cybersecurity attacks every day. This creates a high demand for information security analysts who can help organizations protect their data from these attacks.
  • The growth of cloud computing: Cloud computing is becoming increasingly popular. This is because it allows organizations to access computing resources on demand. However, cloud computing also introduces new security risks. This is creating a need for information security analysts who can help organizations secure their cloud-based data.
  • The increasing regulation of data privacy: Data privacy regulation is increasing in many countries. Governments are more concerned about the misuse of personal data. This creates a need for information security analysts who can help organizations comply with data privacy regulations.
Information Security Analyst Popular Career Specialties

What are the Job Opportunities for an Information Security Analyst?

Information security analysts are in high demand. This field has many job opportunities.

Some of the most common job titles for information security analysts include:

  • Security Analyst: This is the most general job title for an information security analyst. Security analysts typically work on various security-related tasks, such as vulnerability assessment, penetration testing, and incident response.
  • Security Engineer: Security engineers have a more technical focus than security analysts. They may be responsible for designing and implementing security solutions like firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
  • Security Architect: Security architects have a more strategic focus. They may be responsible for developing and implementing security policies and procedures or designing secure systems.
  • Security Consultant: Security consultants work on a contract basis and provide expertise to organizations on various security matters. They may assess security risks, develop security strategies, implement security controls, and provide guidance on security technologies and best practices.
  • Compliance Analyst: Compliance analysts ensure organizations adhere to relevant regulations, standards, and industry best practices. They assess compliance requirements, develop compliance programs, conduct audits, and ensure proper implementation of security controls.

What Type of Companies Hire Information Security Analysts?

Information security analysts are in demand across various industries as cybersecurity is a concern for organizations of all types.

Here are some types of companies and sectors that commonly hire information security analysts:

  • Technology Companies: Technology companies, including software development firms, IT service providers, and cybersecurity companies, often have dedicated security teams that employ information security analysts. These companies develop and deliver technology solutions, making security a critical aspect of their operations.
  • Financial Institutions: Banks, insurance companies, investment firms, and other financial institutions handle large volumes of sensitive financial data. They require information security analysts to protect customer information, secure online transactions, detect and prevent fraud, and comply with industry regulations.
  • Healthcare Organizations: Hospitals, healthcare providers, and pharmaceutical companies handle vast amounts of confidential patient data. Information security analysts are crucial in protecting patient records, securing medical devices, ensuring compliance with HIPAA regulations, and mitigating healthcare-related cyber threats.
  • Government Agencies: Government agencies employ information security analysts to protect sensitive government information. Infosec analysts help protect critical infrastructure and national security systems. These analysts work on cybersecurity initiatives and collaborate with law enforcement to combat cyber threats.
  • Defense and Military: Defense contractors, military organizations, and intelligence agencies have a significant need for information security analysts to safeguard classified information, conduct risk assessments, and defend against advanced cyber threats targeting national security interests.

Should I become an Information Security Analyst?

Your preference is the primary determinant of whether you should become an information security analyst or not. When deciding, it is important to consider your interests, strengths, and career goals. If you are passionate about technology, enjoy problem-solving, and have a keen eye for detail, a career as an information security analyst may align well with your preferences. Ultimately, your passion for cybersecurity and willingness to continuously develop your skills will determine whether this career path is right for you.

Careers Related to Information Security Analyst

Ibrahim Okunade

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