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How to Become a Forensic Science Technician

By Ajoke Aminu


Are you intrigued by the inner workings of criminal investigations? Crime shows glamorize forensic technician duties, and while that’s not far from the truth, we will take you through more of the reality here. In this comprehensive article, we’ll guide you on how to become a forensic science technician, unveiling the educational journey, salary potential, and more.

Career Summary

What is the Forensic Science Technician Salary?  

Forensic Science Technician Salary

Much like in any other field, the salary range can vary depending on a number of factors such as location, experience, and education level. According to, the forensic technician salary trajectory is: 

  • Entry Salary (US$56k)
  • Median Salary (US$63k)
  • Executive Salary (US$74k)

When it comes to the forensic science technician salary, it’s safe to say that it sits somewhere in the middle compared to the general average income of US citizens.

What does a Forensic Science Technician do?

Forensic science technicians, also known as crime scene investigators, are professionals responsible for collecting, analyzing, and preserving physical evidence from crime scenes. They visit crime scenes, collect and document evidence, perform laboratory analyses, maintain equipment, and collaborate with law enforcement and legal professionals. Their work helps support criminal investigations and legal proceedings, and they may provide expert testimony in court. 

Forensic Science Technician Career Progression

  • Junior Forensic Technician: Collect and process evidence at crime scenes, assist senior technicians in laboratory analysis, and perform routine tasks under supervision.
  • Forensic Science Analyst: Conduct detailed laboratory analysis of evidence, interpret results, prepare reports, and assist in crime scene investigations.
  • Senior Forensic Science Technician: Lead and supervise a team of technicians, oversee laboratory operations, review and validate analytical procedures, and provide expert guidance on complex cases.
  • Forensic Science Specialist: Specialize in a specific area of forensic science, such as DNA analysis, toxicology, ballistics, or digital forensics. Conduct advanced analysis, develop new techniques, and serve as a consultant for specialized cases.
  • Forensic Science Manager/Director: Manage and oversee the operations of a forensic laboratory, develop policies and procedures, coordinate with law enforcement agencies, and provide strategic leadership for the forensic science department. 
  • Expert Witness: Some forensic science technicians become expert witnesses in legal cases, providing their expertise in court. This role requires strong knowledge of a specific forensic area and the ability to communicate complex findings effectively.
Forensic Science Technician Career Progression

The Pros and Cons of Working as a Forensic Science Technician


  • Contributing to the justice system and helping solve crimes.
  • Working with cutting-edge technology and scientific methods.
  • Continuous learning and professional development opportunities.
  • Collaboration with diverse professionals in the criminal justice field.
  • The potential to make a positive impact on society and provide closure for victims and their families.


  • Exposure to disturbing and graphic crime scenes or evidence.
  • Working irregular hours, including weekends and holidays, to respond to crime scenes.
  • The pressure of accurate and meticulous analysis, as mistakes can have serious consequences.
  • Limited career advancement opportunities without further education or specialization.
  • The emotional toll of dealing with the aftermath of criminal acts.

Essential Forensic Science Technician Skills to Have 

  • Attention to detail and meticulousness in handling evidence.
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills.
  • Proficiency in scientific methods, laboratory techniques, and equipment.
  • Excellent written and verbal communication skills for report writing and courtroom testimony.
  • Ability to work well under pressure and within strict timelines.

Popular Forensic Science Technician Specialties 

  • DNA Analysis
  • Ballistics/Toolmark Examination
  • Digital Forensics
  • Forensic Chemistry
  • Forensic Anthropology

How to become a Forensic Science Technician 

Forensic Science Technician 6 Steps to Career

If you have a passion for science, attention to detail, and a strong commitment to justice, pursuing a career as a forensic technician may be a fascinating and impactful choice. It is one of the top forensic science degree jobs with a multifaceted role that combines scientific analysis with legal procedures. Let’s explore the aspects of this career, such as the forensic science technician salary, education, practical experience, outlook, and more!

Step 1: Start a Forensic Science Technician Education

Step one towards becoming a forensic science technician is to understand the academic requirements. Here, we will look into the educational prerequisites for forensic technician positions in the United States. 

Do I Need a Degree to Become a Forensic Science Technician?

Yes, you must obtain a bachelor’s degree. Your first introduction to forensic science technician education is the university. A degree in forensic science or a related field provides you with the necessary theoretical knowledge and practical skills, including a solid foundation in scientific principles, laboratory techniques, evidence collection and analysis, and crime scene investigation.

Moreover, having a degree can give you a competitive edge in the job market and open up more career opportunities. Most forensic science technician positions require at least a bachelor’s degree in forensic science, chemistry, biology, or a related scientific discipline. It demonstrates your dedication, expertise, and commitment to the field of forensic science.

However, it’s important to note that specific requirements may vary depending on the jurisdiction and the organization you wish to work for. Some positions may consider candidates with an associate degree or relevant work experience in lieu of a bachelor’s degree. Additionally, certain specialized roles within forensic science, such as forensic pathology or forensic anthropology, may require advanced degrees. 

Why is it Important to Get a Degree to Become a Forensic Science Technician?

If you are still in doubt, there are a number of reasons why it is important to get a degree in forensic science or a related field.

Some are: 

  • Forensic science technicians are in high demand. The field of forensic science is growing rapidly, and there is a shortage of qualified technicians. This means that forensic science technicians with a degree are likely to have good job prospects and earn a competitive salary.
  • A degree in forensic science can prepare you for a variety of careers. You can also specialize in a particular area of forensic science, such as DNA analysis, ballistics, or toxicology. 
  • In addition to these practical benefits, getting a degree in forensic science can also be a rewarding experience.

Timeline & Costs to Study Forensic Science at University

The timeline and cost to study Forensic Science at a university can vary depending on several factors, including the program’s structure, the level of degree pursued, and individual circumstances. Here is a breakdown:

Bachelor’s Degree:
  • Timeline: A typical bachelor’s degree program in forensic science or a related field takes around four years of full-time study to complete. This duration may vary based on factors such as course availability, program requirements, and individual progress.
  • Cost: The cost of a bachelor’s degree can vary greatly depending on the institution, location, and whether you attend a public or private university. On average, tuition fees for a four-year undergraduate program in forensic science is US$23,000. This estimate does not include additional expenses such as textbooks, supplies, accommodation, and living costs.

If you aspire to advance your career or pursue research opportunities, consider obtaining a master’s or doctoral degree in forensic science or a related discipline. Advanced degrees can open doors to leadership positions, teaching roles, or specialized research positions in academia or government agencies. Additionally, certain forensic science specialties may require advanced degrees. 

Master’s Degree (Optional):

If you aspire to advance your career or pursue research opportunities, consider obtaining a master’s degree. Obtaining a master’s degree in forensic science or a related field can be a valuable option for continuous learning and professional advancement as a forensic science technician. A master’s degree provides a deeper understanding of forensic science principles, techniques, and methodologies.

  • Timeline: Pursuing a master’s degree in forensic science or a related field typically takes an additional two years of full-time study beyond the bachelor’s degree.
  • Cost: The cost of a master’s degree can also vary depending on the institution and whether you are an in-state or out-of-state student. On average, tuition fees for a two-year master’s program in forensic science can range from US$20,000 to US$60,000. Again, additional expenses such as textbooks and living costs should be considered.

Lastly, keep in mind that pursuing a career in forensic science may also involve additional costs such as certification exams, professional memberships, and ongoing professional development to stay updated with the latest advancements in the field.

Step 2: Secure an Internship

Not only is an internship a requirement for certification, but this opportunity will allow you to immerse yourself in the field and gain valuable hands-on experience. Gaining practical experience through internships, laboratory placements, or research opportunities can significantly enhance your skills and employability.  

Internship Opportunities for a Forensic Science Technician

As a forensic science technician, gaining practical experience through internships can be highly beneficial for your career development. Also, you can earn a reasonable forensic science technician salary as an intern. When searching for internship opportunities, check the websites of relevant organizations, reach out to forensic science programs at universities, and network with professionals in the field. Additionally, consider joining professional associations or attending forensic science conferences, as these events often provide networking opportunities and information on available internships.

Here are some potential internship opportunities for a forensic science technician:

  • Law Enforcement Agencies: Many law enforcement agencies, such as local police departments, state crime laboratories, and federal agencies like the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), offer internship programs for aspiring forensic science technicians. These internships may involve working in crime scene units, forensic laboratories, or specialized forensic divisions.
  • Forensic Laboratories: Forensic laboratories, both public and private, often provide internship opportunities for students or recent graduates in forensic science programs. These internships can expose you to various aspects of forensic analysis, including evidence processing, DNA analysis, ballistics, toxicology, or digital forensics.
  • Medical Examiner’s Offices: Interning at a medical examiner’s office can provide valuable experience in forensic pathology and medicolegal death investigation. You may have the opportunity to observe autopsies, assist with forensic examinations, and learn about the collection and analysis of evidence in death investigations.
  • Research Institutions: Universities, research institutions, and forensic science organizations may offer internships focused on research and development in forensic science. These internships can involve working on projects related to new forensic techniques, improving existing methodologies, or studying the impact of emerging technologies in the field.
  • Government Agencies: Besides law enforcement agencies, other government agencies such as the Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Security, or Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) may have internship programs that allow you to gain experience in forensic science.

Essential Forensic Science Technician Skills

During your internship, you will develop some of the key skills that are important for forensic science technicians. Developing and honing these skills can help you succeed in this challenging and rewarding field.

  • Scientific Knowledge: It is important to have a strong foundation in scientific principles such as chemistry, biology, physics, and statistics. Understanding how these principles apply to forensic analysis and being able to interpret scientific findings accurately is essential.
  • Legal Knowledge: You must have a solid understanding of the legal processes and requirements related to forensic evidence and testimony in court. Familiarity with the rules of evidence, chain of custody protocols, and the legal limitations and standards for collecting, handling, and presenting forensic evidence is crucial.
  • Evidence Collection: Proficiency in proper evidence collection, preservation, and cataloging is vital. This includes following established protocols for packaging, labeling, and storing evidence to ensure its admissibility and reliability during analysis and in legal proceedings.
  • Analytical Skills: Strong analytical skills are necessary to examine and evaluate evidence. You will use various techniques and instruments to identify, preserve, and analyze physical evidence such as DNA, fingerprints, fibers, or trace substances.
  • Laboratory Skills: Being proficient in laboratory techniques is essential. You should be familiar with proper handling and processing of evidence, performing tests, using specialized equipment, and maintaining a sterile and controlled laboratory environment. 
  • Ethical Conduct: Adhering to strict ethical guidelines and maintaining objectivity and impartiality in your work is crucial. You must handle evidence with integrity, ensuring proper chain of custody and avoiding any bias that could compromise the accuracy and reliability of your analysis.

In addition, communication, time management, and problem-solving skills are essential for analyzing evidence, identifying patterns, and drawing logical conclusions. Attention to detail, continuous learning, and critical thinking are also crucial to ensure that nothing is overlooked or mishandled during the forensic analysis process.

Step 3: Prepare for Proficiency Exams

Forensic proficiency exams are your chance to shine and demonstrate all that you’ve learned. But exams often feel overwhelming, especially when your future as a forensic science technician is on the line. 

To prepare for forensic technician proficiency exams, you should: 

  • Study the exam syllabus. The exam syllabus will tell you what topics will be covered on the exam and what skills and knowledge will be assessed. Make sure to study all of the topics on the syllabus thoroughly.
  • Use practice exams. Practice exams are a great way to get a feel for the format of the exam and the types of questions that will be asked. You can find practice exams online or in forensic science textbooks.
  • Join a study group. Studying with other people can help you to stay motivated and to learn from each other. You can form a study group with classmates or colleagues, or you can find a study group online.
  • Get help from a tutor. If you are struggling with a particular topic, you may want to consider getting help from a tutor. A tutor can help you to understand the material and to develop the skills you need to succeed on the exam.
  • Create a study schedule. Set aside specific times each day or week to study for the exam. This will help you to stay on track and to make sure that you cover all of the material.

Online Forensic Resources to Aid Your Learning

Step 4: Acquire Relevant Licenses & Certifications

This is an important step in establishing your credibility and expertise as a forensic science technician. Always check the specific requirements and regulations set by the certifying or licensing bodies relevant to your location and area of specialization. 

  • Forensic Technician Certification: Some professional organizations, such as the American Board of Criminalistics (ABC), offer certification programs for forensic science technicians. These certifications demonstrate your proficiency in specific areas of forensic science and can enhance your career prospects.
  • American Board of Forensic Toxicology (ABFT) Certification: If you specialize in forensic toxicology, obtaining certification from ABFT can be valuable. ABFT offers certifications for forensic toxicologists, including Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Toxicology (D-ABFT) and Fellow of the American Board of Forensic Toxicology (F-ABFT).
  • International Association for Identification (IAI) Certification: The IAI offers various certifications for forensic science professionals, including the Certified Latent Print Examiner (CLPE) and Certified Crime Scene Investigator (CCSI) certifications. These certifications validate your expertise in specific areas of forensic science and can be beneficial for career advancement.
  • State Licensing: Some states require forensic science technicians to obtain a license or be registered with a regulatory agency. The specific licensing requirements vary by state, so it’s important to research and comply with the regulations set by the governing body in your jurisdiction.

Step 5: Select a Specialty   

As you progress in your career, consider specializing in a specific area of forensic science that aligns with your interests. Specializing can enhance your expertise and make you more competitive in the job market. Let’s delve into job opportunities that will help you niche down. 

Forensic Science Technician Popular Career Specialties

High-Demand Job Specializations for a Forensic Science Technician

Below are a few examples of the diverse job opportunities available to forensic science technicians. The specific roles and responsibilities can vary depending on the organization, specialization, and level of experience. It’s worth noting that additional education, training, and experience may be required for certain specialized roles.

  • Crime Scene Investigator: Forensic science technicians often work as crime scene investigators, responding to crime scenes to document and collect evidence. They may photograph the scene, collect fingerprints, gather DNA samples, and document any other relevant physical evidence.
  • Forensic Laboratory Technician: Many forensic science technicians work in forensic laboratories, where they analyze evidence using a range of scientific techniques. They may specialize in areas such as DNA analysis, toxicology, firearms examination, fingerprint analysis, or digital forensics.
  • Forensic Pathology Assistant: Forensic science technicians can work alongside forensic pathologists in medical examiner’s offices or coroner’s offices. They assist with autopsies, collect and analyze biological samples, document injuries, and provide support in determining the cause and manner of death.
  • Forensic DNA Analyst: DNA analysis is a critical component of forensic investigations. Forensic science technicians specializing in DNA analysis extract and analyze DNA samples from various sources, compare DNA profiles, and provide expert testimony in court.
  • Digital Forensics Examiner: With the increasing use of technology in criminal activities, forensic science technicians specializing in digital forensics investigate crimes involving computers, mobile devices, and digital data. They recover and analyze digital evidence, including deleted files, emails, and communication records.
  • Forensic Firearms and Toolmark Examiner: Forensic science technicians specializing in firearms and toolmarks examine firearms, ammunition, and related evidence. They analyze ballistics, compare toolmarks left at crime scenes, and determine the origin of firearms used in crimes.
  • Forensic Chemistry Technician: Forensic science technicians in the field of forensic chemistry analyze substances such as drugs, chemicals, and trace evidence. They identify and quantify controlled substances, perform toxicology screenings, and analyze unknown substances found at crime scenes.
  • Forensic Document Examiner: Forensic science technicians with expertise in document examination analyze handwriting, signatures, typewriting, and other aspects of questioned documents. They may determine the authenticity of documents, detect forgery or alterations, and provide expert testimony in court.
  • Forensic Anthropologist: Forensic science technicians specializing in forensic anthropology assist in the identification and analysis of human remains. They may determine factors such as age, sex, and ancestry, assess skeletal trauma, and aid in the identification of unknown individuals.
  • Forensic Odontologist: Forensic science technicians with training in forensic odontology assist in identifying individuals through dental records. They may compare dental records with post-mortem dental examinations and assist in bite mark analysis.
  • Forensic Psychology: It is a specialized field that combines principles of psychology with the legal and criminal justice systems. Forensic psychologists provide insights into criminal behavior, mental health evaluations of individuals involved in legal cases, and serve as expert witnesses in court. 

Step 6: Continue Learning

Forensic science is a rapidly evolving field, so you NEED to stay informed about advancements in forensic techniques, laboratory equipment, and research by attending conferences, and workshops, and subscribing to relevant publications. This will demonstrate your commitment to staying current and adapting to new methodologies.

What’s the Career Outlook for Forensic Science Technicians?

The employment outlook for forensic science technicians is highly promising, with a projected growth rate of 13% from 2022 to 2032. This growth rate is significantly higher than the average for all occupations, indicating a strong demand for skilled professionals in the field. On average, approximately 2,600 job openings for forensic science technicians are expected each year over the next decade. 

This positive employment trend can be attributed to several factors, including advancements in technology, increased investment in forensic laboratories, growing public awareness of forensic evidence, and the complexity of modern criminal cases. 

These factors have contributed to a greater reliance on forensic science technicians to collect, analyze, and interpret evidence, leading to expanded job opportunities. Individuals pursuing careers in forensic science can expect a favorable job market with a steady demand for their expertise in the coming years. 

What Type of Organizations Hire a Forensic Science Technician?

  • Law Enforcement Agencies
  • Government Laboratories
  • Private Forensic Laboratories
  • Medical Examiner’s Offices
  • Criminal Defense Law Firms
  • Insurance Companies
  • Academic Institutions
  • Healthcare Facilities
  • Research and Development Companies

Should I Become a Forensic Science Technician?

Weighing the pros and cons of becoming a forensic science technician is a vital part of this decision-making. However, you must also consider other key points we explored in this article, such as the increasing importance of forensic science in criminal investigations, and the specialized areas within the field. This field also requires a strong foundation in science, attention to detail, and the ability to handle grisly details.

Furthermore, reflect on whether these aspects resonate with your passion for scientific analysis, attention to detail, and desire to contribute to the justice system. How important is the opportunity to work with law enforcement officials? And finally, what are your long-term goals? Do you see yourself working in a lab for years to come, or are you more interested in eventually branching out into other areas of forensic science? 

Ultimately, your decision should be based on a combination of these factors, as well as the forensic science technician salary, projected job outlook, and skills. By taking the time to carefully consider your options, you give yourself the best chance of making an informed and fulfilling choice. 

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Ajoke Aminu

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