Looking for the perfect job?
Explore our Career Guides!

Read More

How to Become a Fitness Instructor

By Ajoke Aminu


Are you ready to make a difference in people’s health while staying fit? Becoming a fitness instructor perfectly combines your love of physical activity with helping others and earning an income. If you are confused about where to start, our guide simplifies learning how to become a fitness instructor and helps you easily get started.

Career Summary

Fitness Instructor Salary

Turning your passion for fitness into a paycheck will have you wondering if it’s even worth it. According to Glassdoor, here is what you can expect in the United States:

  • Entry Salary (US$49k)
  • Median Salary (US$63k)
  • Executive Salary (US$106k)

It’s a respectable wage that stands up to the national average income of US citizens.

What does a Fitness Instructor do?

A fitness instructor, also called a fitness trainer, leads and instructs individuals or groups in various exercise activities and fitness programs. As fitness instructors, their responsibilities go far beyond just leading a group exercise class, although that is definitely part of the job. They design and demonstrate exercise routines, provide guidance on proper form and technique, and motivate and support participants/trainees.

Fitness Instructor Career Progression

  • Junior Fitness Instructor/Assistant: Assists senior instructors, learns basic instruction techniques, and helps with class management.
  • Group Fitness Instructor: Leads groups exercise classes such as aerobics, Zumba, cycling, or dance workouts, focusing on guiding participants through routines and providing motivation.
  • Personal Trainer: Works one-on-one with clients to develop personalized exercise programs, provide individualized instruction, and offer guidance on nutrition and lifestyle choices.
  • Senior Fitness Instructor/Lead Instructor: Takes on a leadership role, overseeing classes and programs, training new instructors, and managing schedules.
  • Fitness Coordinator/Manager: Manages the operations of a facility or department, including staff supervision, program development, budgeting, and ensuring a high standard of service.
  • Fitness Director: Holds a senior management position, responsible for strategic planning, business development, overseeing multiple locations or departments, and ensuring the overall success of the fitness organization.
Fitness Instructor Career Progression


  • Sharing a passion for fitness and helping others achieve their health goals.
  • Enjoying a dynamic and active work environment.
  • The satisfaction of seeing clients’ physical and mental transformations.
  • Flexible work schedules and the possibility of work-life balance.
  • Building relationships with clients and fellow fitness enthusiasts.


  • Irregular working hours, including early mornings, evenings, and weekends.
  • Dealing with potential client cancellations or no-shows, leading to income fluctuations for freelance instructors.
  • High competition in the fitness industry requires instructors to attract clients.
  • Maintaining motivation and energy levels to deliver engaging and effective workouts consistently.

Key Skills for Success as a Fitness Instructor

  • Strong communication and interpersonal skills, including patience and empathy
  • Knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and exercise principles
  • Ability to motivate and inspire individuals or groups.
  • Adaptability to different fitness levels and client needs.
  • Time management and organizational skills.

Exploring Popular Specialties in Fitness Instruction

  • Strength and Conditioning
  • Yoga or Pilates
  • HIIT (High-Intensity Interval Training)
  • Spin/Cycling
  • Dance Fitness

How to become a Fitness Instructor

Fitness Instructor 5 Steps to Career

Fitness Instructor

Are you passionate about fitness? Do you love the idea of helping others reach their fitness goals? Then becoming a fitness instructor might be the perfect career for you, so let’s start with the first crucial step!

Unveiling the Fitness Instructor Experience: Skills and Opportunities

Get ready to break a sweat! While some steps are required to break into the industry, you can also do a few things to ensure you’re ahead of the game, like having practical experience. This means getting out there and leading classes, working with clients, and being a fitness badass.

Internship vs. Part-time Opportunities in the Fitness World

Whether you start with a small group of friends, volunteer at a local gym, or shadow an experienced instructor, the more hands-on experience you can get, the better. Not only will this show that you’re committed to the craft, but it will also give you a chance to develop your own teaching style and flair. Let’s explore the perfect way to get that needed experience!

It’s important to weigh the benefits of each. Internship opportunities provide structured learning experiences, skill development, and networking opportunities. They offer industry exposure, potential for future employment and enhance a resume.

On the other hand, part-time work offers immediate income, flexibility, skill development, real-world experience, and the ability to build a work history. The choice between the two depends on individual goals, priorities, and circumstances.

Some may prioritize skill development and industry exposure through internships, while others prioritize income and practical experience through part-time work. Regardless of your choice, here are the types of companies you can find internships and part-time jobs:

  • Fitness Centers and Gyms
  • Sports Performance Facilities
  • Corporate Wellness Programs
  • Rehabilitation Centers
  • Community Centers and Recreation Programs
  • Health and Wellness Resorts
  • Personal Training Studios
  • Non-Profit Organizations

10 Must-have Fitness Instructor Skills in 2023

Now that you understand your role better, you must also know the skills you must have as a fitness instructor:

  • Instruction and Communication: You will learn how to communicate instructions effectively and demonstrate exercises clearly and concisely. This skill is crucial for ensuring participants understand and perform exercises safely and correctly.
  • Fitness Knowledge: You will acquire in-depth knowledge of various fitness concepts, including exercise physiology, anatomy, nutrition, and fitness principles. This knowledge will enable you to design appropriate exercise programs and provide accurate information to clients.
  • Program Design and Adaptation: You will learn how to design fitness programs tailored to individuals’ goals, abilities, and limitations. Additionally, you will develop the skill to adapt exercises and modify programs based on participants’ needs, injuries, or specific health conditions.
  • Motivational Techniques: As a fitness instructor, you will learn how to motivate and inspire participants to achieve their fitness goals. This includes utilizing effective motivational techniques, providing positive reinforcement, and creating a supportive and encouraging class environment.
  • Safety and Injury Prevention: You will gain an understanding of safety protocols, proper form, and techniques to minimize the risk of injuries during exercise. This skill is crucial for ensuring the well-being of participants and creating a safe exercise environment.
  • Class Management: You will learn how to effectively manage a fitness class, including time management, organizing equipment, handling participant questions, and addressing any issues that may arise during the session.
  • Interpersonal Skills: As a fitness instructor, you will develop strong interpersonal skills, including the ability to build rapport, establish a positive instructor-participant relationship, and provide individual attention and support when needed.
  • Leadership and Confidence: You will enhance your leadership skills by guiding and motivating a group of individuals toward their fitness goals. This includes developing confidence in your abilities as an instructor and effectively managing group dynamics.
  • Continuous Learning: The fitness industry is constantly evolving, and as a fitness instructor, you will develop a mindset of continuous learning. You will stay updated on new fitness trends, research findings, and industry developments to provide your clients with the most current and evidence-based guidance.

Strengthening Your Core: The Importance of Education

Becoming a fitness instructor is not just about having a passion for exercise– it’s also about possessing the right education. While it’s tempting to think you can just show up at the gym and start instructing people on the latest workout trends, it takes more than sweat and enthusiasm to become a good instructor. To succeed in this field, you must have the right credentials.

Is a Degree Necessary for Me to Become a Fitness Instructor?

Completing a degree or certification program in exercise science or a related field certainly adds to your success as a fitness instructor. In addition, pursuing ongoing education and professional development is vital to stay up-to-date with the latest in fitness science. With the right education and continuous learning, you’ll be well-equipped to help your clients reach their fitness goals, improve their health, and stand out while at it.

Nevertheless, many instructors do not see the need for a degree to become a fitness instructor as they enter the field with certifications or qualifications obtained through accredited fitness training programs. These programs focus on providing the necessary knowledge and practical skills to lead fitness classes effectively and safely. However, some fitness facilities or organizations may prefer or require a degree in a related field, such as exercise, kinesiology, or sports science.

Furthermore, pursuing a degree in a related field can offer a deeper understanding of exercise physiology, biomechanics, and other scientific aspects of fitness, which can be advantageous in your career as a fitness instructor. It’s important to research the specific requirements and qualifications in your desired work environment or organization to determine the level of education or certification necessary to become a fitness instructor in your region.

The Significance of a Degree in Fitness Instruction

Bouncing around a room in sweatpants may appear effortless, but becoming a fitness instructor requires dedication and skill. A degree will help you unlock unique opportunities within the industry and give you the expertise to guide clients toward their health goals. Let’s not forget, you’ll finally be able to decode those cryptic exercise names like “burpee” and “prisoner squat.”

From designing workout programs to analyzing injury risks and prescribing modifications, a degree teaches you the skills to become a formidable fitness instructor. Some individuals might be born with natural talent, but study, practice, and dedication take them to the next level.

So, if you want to become a fitness instructor, remember that a degree will give you these necessary tools to succeed:

  • The field of fitness is continuously evolving, with new research, trends, and technologies emerging. A degree instills a mindset of continuous learning and equips you with the ability to adapt to changing industry demands. This ensures that you stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in fitness instruction throughout your career.
  • A degree program provides a comprehensive understanding of exercise science, anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, nutrition, and other relevant subjects. This knowledge equips you with a strong foundation and a deeper understanding of the human body and how it responds to exercise.
  • Holding a degree demonstrates your commitment to the field and showcases your dedication to professional development. It enhances your credibility and professionalism, which can be valuable when seeking employment opportunities or working with clients, who value formal education.
  • While a degree may not be a strict requirement for entry-level positions, it can significantly expand your career opportunities and potential for advancement. It also means you’re not restricted to working in the gym. Many leadership or management roles in the fitness industry will prefer or require candidates with higher education qualifications.
  • If you’re looking to maximize your earnings in the fitness and health industry, a degree in fitness instruction can be an invaluable asset. With a degree, you open yourself up to higher-paying positions in the field and more opportunities for career advancement.
  • Pursuing a degree in fitness instruction is not only about acquiring knowledge but also about personal growth. It challenges you intellectually, helps you develop critical thinking skills, and broadens your perspectives on health, wellness, and human performance. This personal growth can positively impact your career and fulfillment as a fitness instructor.

Fitness Instructor Qualifications and Their Various Timelines

One of the most common fitness training degrees is kinesiology, and an undergraduate degree can take 3 to 4 years to complete. The duration can also vary depending on the program and educational institution.

Moreover, there are accelerated programs or part-time options available that may allow for flexibility in the duration. It’s important to research and consider different program structures and formats to find the one that aligns with your goals and schedule. Here are some options to consider:

Pursue an Associate Degree in Exercise Science– Fitness & Health

An Associate Degree in Applied Exercise and Fitness helps you build a foundational career in fitness instruction. It is a sought-after program, perfect for individuals aspiring to pursue careers in the fitness industry. This two-year degree equips students with the knowledge and skills necessary to excel in various roles, such as a certified personal trainer, fitness or wellness coordinator, certified group fitness instructor, or fitness educator.

Throughout the program, students delve into various subjects, including physiology, biomechanics, fitness analysis, and nutrition. These courses provide a solid foundation for understanding the human body, movement mechanics, and the principles of fitness assessment. By completing an Associate Degree in Applied Exercise and Fitness, students gain the necessary expertise to thrive in the dynamic and rewarding field of fitness instruction.

Consider a Bachelor of Science in Exercise Science

An associate degree in fitness provides a fast track to a personal training career. Still, a bachelor’s degree in sports and exercise science offers more options for those seeking broader opportunities. According to Indeed, graduates with a bachelor’s degree can pursue advanced careers as athletic scouts, dieticians, sports psychologists, chiropractors, and athletic directors.

The curriculum of a bachelor’s degree program typically covers a range of topics, including fitness and nutritional concepts, injury care and prevention, physiology, and fitness teaching techniques. 

A Bachelor of Science in Exercise Science typically takes four years to complete, assuming the student is enrolled full-time and follows a traditional academic schedule. While some schools may not have specific prerequisites for enrollment, a few may require students to have successfully completed fundamental math, biology, and chemistry courses before starting their fitness degree.

The Tuition and Financial Considerations of Studying Exercise Science at a University

When considering the financial aspects of pursuing a degree in Kinesiology and Exercise Science, it’s essential to understand the average tuition rates for undergraduate and graduate programs. For the academic year 2022-2023, colleges offering Kinesiology and Exercise Science programs have an average undergraduate tuition fee of US$30,000. This covers the cost of attending classes, accessing academic resources, and participating in related activities.

For those interested in pursuing an advanced degree in the field, the average tuition for graduate programs is approximately US$22,000. It’s important to note that these figures serve as a general guideline, and actual tuition costs can vary based on the specific university, program, and any financial aid or scholarships available. Meanwhile, personal trainer or fitness instructor certification programs range from $500 to $1000.

It is worth noting that these tuition estimates include tuition fees only and do not account for additional expenses such as textbooks, supplies, housing, and transportation. It’s important to research and consider the universities and programs you are interested in to get accurate and up-to-date information on their tuition fees and any available financial aid or scholarship opportunities.

Embracing Online Learning: A Pathway to Become a Certified Fitness Instructor

Indeed, it is possible to become a fitness instructor through online education. Many accredited institutions and organizations offer online fitness instructor certification programs and courses that provide the necessary knowledge and skills to become a fitness instructor. These online programs also cover topics such as exercise science, anatomy, physiology, nutrition, and fitness instruction techniques.

Additionally, practical components, such as video demonstrations and interactive learning platforms, may be included to help students gain hands-on experience. It’s important to choose reputable online programs and ensure they meet the industry standards and requirements for certification as a fitness instructor.

10 Recommended Fitness Instructor Certifications for Becoming an Expert
6 Best Websites for Mastering Fitness Instructor Skills
  • American Council on Exercise (ACE): ACE offers a variety of online resources, including webinars, courses, and articles, covering topics relevant to fitness instruction and personal training.
  • National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM): NASM provides online courses and resources to help individuals learn the necessary skills and knowledge to become certified fitness instructors or personal trainers.
  • IDEA Health & Fitness Association: IDEA offers an extensive library of online resources, including articles, videos, and webinars, covering a wide range of fitness-related topics for instructors.
  • Fitness Education Online: This platform offers online courses specifically designed for fitness professionals, including topics like program design, coaching techniques, and client management.
  • Human Kinetics: Human Kinetics provides a collection of books, e-books, and online courses on exercise science and fitness instruction that can enhance your knowledge and skills as a fitness instructor.
  • FitSW: FitSW offers online resources for fitness professionals, including exercise libraries, workout templates, and client management tools, to assist in creating effective training programs.

The Fitness Instructor Career Journey: Finding Your Paths & Balance

Whether perfecting your downward dog at a yoga studio or whipping up a sweat with high-intensity interval training, there is a niche for everyone. From working at a gym to teaching classes on your own, there are countless options for where to take your fitness journey. Let’s discover the perfect fit for you.

Differences Between a Fitness Instructor, Gym Instructor, and a Personal Trainer

When it comes to achieving your dream of becoming a fitness instructor, it’s important to know the differences between a fitness instructor, a gym instructor, and a personal trainer. While their roles can overlap, there are distinct differences between a fitness instructor, a gym instructor, and a personal trainer.

Here are the key distinctions:

Fitness Instructor
  • Provides group fitness classes or sessions in various exercise formats, such as aerobics, dance, cycling, or strength training.
  • Focuses on leading and instructing a group of participants through pre-designed workout routines.
  • Emphasizes proper exercise technique, form, and safety for all participants.
  • Typically works in fitness centers, gyms, or studios offering group fitness programs.
Gym Instructor
  • Works specifically within a gym or fitness facility setting.
  • Assists and guides members in using gym equipment safely and effectively.
  • Provides basic instructions on proper equipment usage and form.
  • May offer general fitness advice and recommendations to members.
  • Often responsible for maintaining the cleanliness and organization of the gym floor.
  • May also provide orientation sessions for new members, explaining gym rules and procedures.
Personal Trainer
  • Offers one-on-one personalized fitness training and coaching.
  • Designs customized exercise programs tailored to individual clients’ goals, needs, and abilities.
  • Provides comprehensive fitness assessments and conducts regular progress evaluations.
  • Guides clients through exercises, ensuring proper form and technique.
  • Offers nutritional guidance and lifestyle recommendations to support clients’ overall fitness goals.
  • Focuses on individualized attention, motivation, and accountability.

In summary, a fitness instructor primarily leads group fitness classes, and a gym instructor assists gym members with equipment usage and general fitness guidance. At the same time, a personal trainer provides individualized training, customized exercise programs, and holistic guidance to clients. Oftentimes fitness instructors and personal trainers are used interchangeably within the industry nonetheless.

Whether you prefer sweating it out in a group setting or want to offer personalized attention, remember to choose the right fitness profession that aligns with your dreams. With the demand for fitness instructors rising, there’s no better time to kick-start your career and make your mark in the fitness industry.

Diverse Job Opportunities Suitable for a Fitness Instructor

  • Gym or Health Club Instructor: Fitness instructors can work in various gyms or health clubs, leading group fitness classes, providing personalized training sessions, and assisting clients with their fitness goals.
  • Resort or Cruise Ship Fitness Instructor: Resorts, hotels, and cruise ships often employ fitness instructors to offer fitness classes and activities to their guests. These opportunities may involve leading classes in various exercise disciplines, such as yoga, aerobics, or strength training.
  • Personal Trainer: Fitness instructors can work as personal trainers, offering one-on-one training sessions to clients. They assess individual fitness levels, develop personalized exercise plans, provide guidance on nutrition, and offer motivation and support to help clients achieve their fitness goals.
  • Yoga Trainer: Yoga instructors create and lead sequences of poses, provide verbal cues and adjustments for proper alignment, and encourage students to connect with their breath and find inner calm.
  • Rehabilitation or Medical Fitness Specialist: Fitness instructors with specialized knowledge and training may work in rehabilitation centers or medical facilities, assisting individuals recovering from injuries or managing chronic conditions. They develop exercise programs tailored to their client’s specific needs and limitations.
  • Group Fitness Instructor: Fitness instructors can specialize in leading group fitness classes, such as Zumba, Pilates, cycling, or dance-based workouts. They create choreography, guide participants through exercises, and provide a motivating and energetic environment.
  • Online Fitness Instructor: With the increasing popularity of online fitness platforms and virtual training, fitness instructors can also explore opportunities to offer their services through online platforms. This allows them to reach a wider audience and provide remote fitness coaching and classes.
  • Wellness Coach or Consultant: Some fitness instructors may choose to work as wellness coaches or consultants, providing holistic guidance on fitness, nutrition, and overall well-being. They may conduct workshops, develop wellness programs, and offer personalized advice to individuals or organizations.

Finding Balance: Exploring the Work-Life Harmony of Fitness Instructors

Fitness instructors are known for their toned bodies and healthy lifestyles, but what about their work-life balance? Balancing a career in fitness with personal time can be challenging, but it’s achievable with the right mindset and schedule. A fitness instructor’s work-life balance can vary depending on their specific job role, work environment, and personal preferences.

Usually, fitness trainers enjoy flexible schedules, which can be adjusted to accommodate personal commitments. However, they may work during non-traditional hours, including early mornings, evenings, and weekends, to accommodate client availability. The intensity of work can be demanding, requiring instructors to balance their workload with personal time and rest.

With clever time management, many fitness instructors find balance by prioritizing self-care, socializing, and downtime. Whether a morning yoga session or a weekend hike, fitness instructors lead fulfilling lives inside and outside the gym. Overall, work-life balance for fitness instructors depends on individual circumstances and choices, with some prioritizing their careers while others seek more flexible arrangements. Don’t let the grueling schedule fool you– you can achieve a work-life balance in the fitness industry by determining your schedule and making time for yourself and your interests.

What’s the Career Outlook for Fitness Instructor?

The career outlook for fitness instructors and personal trainers is highly favorable, with an estimated 19% upsurge from 2021 to 2031! This growth rate is considerably faster than the average for all occupations, indicating a strong demand for professionals in this field. The fitness industry is booming, and with more people seeking to maintain a healthy lifestyle, the demand for qualified instructors is only going up.

Over the next decade, there will be 65,500 job openings for fitness trainers and instructors yearly. With an average of $19.57 per hour, the abundance of job opportunities highlights this profession’s robust and sustainable nature, making it an appealing choice for individuals seeking a rewarding and secure career in the fitness industry.

Fitness Instructor Popular Career Specialties

Should I become a Fitness Instructor?

Becoming a fitness instructor can be exciting and rewarding, but it’s an important decision that requires careful consideration. As discussed in the article, being a fitness instructor requires a combination of knowledge, skills, and personality traits. However, it’s also important to consider your own interests and strengths.

Are you passionate about health and wellness? Do you enjoy motivating others? Do you have a natural talent for leading group fitness classes? These are all important factors to consider before pursuing a career as a fitness instructor.

Of course, it’s important to keep your long-term goals in mind. Are you looking to start your own fitness business eventually? Or are you interested in working with a specific population, such as seniors or athletes? By taking the time to think through these factors, you can make an informed decision about whether or not becoming a fitness instructor is the right career path for you.

Careers Related to Fitness Instructor

Ajoke Aminu

About the Author

Read more articles by Ajoke Aminu