How to Explain Job Hopping in Cover Letters, Interviews and More

By Biron Clark


Applying for Jobs | Cover Letters

Biron Clark

Biron Clark

Writer & Career Coach

If you’re job searching and looking for how to explain job hopping in cover letters and interviews, you’ve come to the right place.

I’m going to show you everything you need to know about explaining your reasons for changing jobs, so you can get hired even if you’ve job-hopped in the past.

Plus, we’ll look at the pros and cons of job hopping, and the definition of job hopping according to most employers so you can know how often you can safely change jobs.

Definition of Job Hopping

Different employers see it differently, so you won’t get one exact definition. Let’s look at how most employers define job hopping though…

In general, you’ll be labeled a “job hopper” if you have a pattern of staying in jobs for less than a year. So that’s part of the definition of job hopping.

You’re generally allowed one or two “free passes” in your career, though (depending on how long you’ve been working). Not every job is a good fit, so if you left one job in under a year, it’s usually okay and easy to explain.

(Info on how to explain this to employers is coming up!)

Also, if you’ve been working for a couple of years or more in your career, and you’ve never stayed with a company for more than two years, it can also make you seem like a job hopper – even if you always stay past the one-year milestone.

For example, if you’ve held three jobs since graduating, and have left after 15 months, 19 months, and 12 months, that’s going to bring up some job hopping concerns, even though you stayed a full year at each.

So to recap the definition of job hopping:

  • Leaving jobs after less than a year, especially if you’ve done it more than once.
  • Having multiple jobs in your work history, but only staying in each job for one year or slightly longer (and never making it past two years).

Now that you have an idea of the definition of job hopping and how employers decide if they should be concerned, here’s how to explain job hopping to them, in your cover letter and more…

How to Write a Cover Letter Explaining Job Hopping

Okay, so you’re applying for jobs and need to explain job hopping in your cover letter.

If you read the definition of job hopping above, you’ll know if your situation will cause concerns with employers. If so, you’ll want to be upfront and address these concerns in a cover letter.

Steps to explain job hopping in a cover letter:

  1. Find the job changes that you think will cause the most concern for employers
  2. Address those job changes directly in your cover letter and offer an explanation for why you made the decision you did
  3. Never complain or bad-mouth former employers or bosses
  4. Try to sound like you changed positions to gain something positive whenever possible
  5. Be upfront and use clear/direct language. If you resigned from a job because it wasn’t working out, say, “I chose to resign because ___.” Don’t say, “we parted ways,” or some other confusing term.
  6. Conclude by showing them that you know what you want in your next role, and that their job fits this. They won’t hire you if you don’t show them solid reasons for why you want their job

One of the hardest parts about explaining job hopping in a cover letter is how to bring it up to begin with.

I’d recommend saying something like this: “If you look at my resume, you’ll see a couple of quick transitions between companies…”

And then jump right into the explanations: “I left XYZ Company because ___. I then found a position with ABC Company…”

Keep this entire explanation brief. 2-3 short paragraphs or less.

Don’t fill your cover letter with a huge explanation of why you changed jobs. The goal is to just give a brief explanation of why you made the choices you did, to show them you’re being upfront and you’re willing to discuss further in an interview.

That’s how I’d recommend writing a cover letter to explain job hopping.

Good Reasons For Explaining Why You Left an Employer

Now you might be wondering, how do you know if your reason for leaving a job is good when explaining job hopping in a cover letter?

Here are some examples of good ways of explaining job hopping that should satisfy employers:

  • Your boss left and the work environment changed
  • Your role changed or shifted away from what they hired you to do
  • You hit a “ceiling” and couldn’t grow and advance as fast as you wanted
  • A better, more attractive opportunity came up and you had to pursue it (most employers will understand doing this at least once in your career)
  • You had a personal/life issue come up – like caring for a sick family member, needing major surgery or medical care, etc.
  • Staying home to raise a child
  • Leaving a job to pursue further education/training to advance your career in the long-term

Those are just a few examples of the many possible reasons you can give. If you want more ideas, here are 20 more reasons for explaining why you left a job.

How to Explain Job Hopping in Interviews

If you did a good job of explaining your reasons for job hopping in your cover letter, you’ll get invited to interview. But how about what to say in job interviews when you’re asked further questions?

First, review the cover letter you sent and get your story straight

You don’t want to say something different or get your stories crossed up in the interview! You need to be 100% consistent here.

And if you interview with multiple people, you need to give the same story. So make sure you know exactly what you sent them in the cover letter BEFORE walking into any interview, whether it’s a first phone interview or a face-to-face meeting.

Next, be upfront and take responsibility

Don’t seem like you’re uncomfortable or trying to hide something. That will just make them uncomfortable hiring you.

Your goal in the interview is to calmly explain the reasons you mentioned in your cover letter. Provide more detail and explain yourself until they are satisfied (if you’re not sure, you can always say, “did that answer your question, or should I go into more detail?”)

Finally, conclude by showing them why you’re excited about their position

Explain what you’re looking for right now in your job search, and how your research showed that this is a good fit for your skills and for what you want to do next in your career.

If you don’t seem sure of what you want, and if you don’t have a good answer for why you want this job, you will not get hired.

Pros and Cons of Job Hopping

Now that you know how employers define job hopping, and how to explain job hopping, let’s talk about the pros and cons of job hopping. That way, you can make the best decisions for yourself in the future.

In the end, it’s all about balance.

As a recruiter, the lowest-paid people I’ve seen are the people who stayed at one company for 15-20 years. 

So that is *not* the solution.

At the same time, I’ve seen people really struggle to get jobs after going through three or four employers in only two or three years.

Once you’re labeled a serial job hopper, it’s very tough to get out of. So it’s about balance – changing jobs a few times but not too often.

Here are all of the pros and cons of job hopping:


  • Higher potential salary. You usually receive a bigger pay increase when changing companies (versus receiving an annual raise with the same company).
  • You’ll experience multiple work environments. Part of figuring out what you really like is trying a few things! You can’t know what you prefer if you’ve worked your whole life in one company.
  • It’s better to job-hop once or twice than stay in a terrible situation. Maybe you have an awful boss who is holding you back. Or maybe you were in a poisonous/toxic work environment. Getting out is MUCH better than sticking around and suffering in a bad environment.
  • More connections/networking opportunities. If you work in many companies, you’ll come in contact with more people throughout your career.


  • Harder time finding new jobs. At some point of job hopping, it becomes “too much” and will scare employers away and make it so that you can’t find a job, at least not without a ton of effort.
  • Risk of becoming a jack-of-all-trades (and master of none). Trying 3 different roles in 3 years is okay, but you’re not building the same knowledge as someone in one single job usually. And this can hurt your growth and earnings if you continue doing this for too long.
  • Deeper, stronger connections. Working with the same boss or coworkers for a long time will build a stronger bond and make them more likely to help you (or hire you again) later. The quality of your relationships is often more important than quantity.

If you read this far, you now know how to explain job hopping to employers, plus the pros and cons of job hopping in the future. This will help you get hired faster and feel more confident making decisions down the road.

If you still have concerns or questions about any of this, you can leave a comment below.

Biron Clark

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2 thoughts on “How to Explain Job Hopping in Cover Letters, Interviews and More”

  1. Although generally anybody wants stability from an employer and does not want to hop, what to do when employers claim they want one to stick around but yet many or all employers in reality are truly not loyal nor keep their word and with constant crises of layoffs, mergers, acquisitions and at times when an envt is too toxic and one cannot control others except him or herself?

  2. Love this article, some great detail here. It’s definitely important to explain the positive things you have gained from job hopping. You can explain to hiring managers how you developed a diverse and interchangeable skillset and are extremely adaptable. There is definitely growth that comes with job hopping. At some point though, most people will want to settle in a role they are really happy in.

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