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How to Become an Embryologist

By Emma Philo


Becoming an embryologist isn’t just about unraveling the mysteries of life; it’s about diving headfirst into an exciting journey that combines science, precision, and a dash of wonder.

So, you’re intrigued and ready to embark on this thrilling adventure? Buckle up because we’re about to explore how to become an embryologist, from the basics of education to the exhilarating world of hands-on experience and the unique skills you’ll acquire along the way. It’s time to nurture your passion for life’s beginnings and discover the secrets of the embryologist’s universe!

Career Summary

Embryologist Salary

Embryologist Salary

The salary of an embryologist can vary, with the approximate wage ranges as follows, according to

  • Entry Salary (US$65k)
  • Median Salary (US$99k)
  • Senior Salary (US$152k)

This average salary for embryologists exceeds the national average income of U.S. citizens, which was approximately $61,900 per year as of 2022, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

What is an Embryologist?

An embryologist is a specialized scientist who studies and works with embryos, particularly in the context of human reproduction and developmental biology. These professionals play a crucial role in assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), where they handle and manipulate embryos in a laboratory setting.

Embryologist Career Progression

Career progression for embryologists can vary based on their interests, qualifications, and opportunities in their chosen field.

Here is a general career progression path for embryologists:

  • Laboratory Assistant/Junior Embryologist: In these entry-level roles, individuals gain hands-on experience in basic laboratory techniques, including egg and sperm handling, embryo culture, and documentation.
  • Clinical Embryologist: Clinical embryologists are responsible for performing a wide range of procedures in fertility clinics, such as IVF, ICSI, and embryo selection.
  • Senior Embryologist: Senior embryologists may take on more responsibilities, such as supervising junior staff, training new employees, and overseeing laboratory operations.
  • Laboratory Director or Manager: Laboratory directors or managers are responsible for the overall operation of the embryology laboratory including managing budgets, ensuring compliance with regulations, and setting laboratory policies and protocols.
  • Research Embryologist: Embryologists interested in research can transition into roles as research embryologists. They conduct scientific research on embryonic development, reproductive biology, or fertility treatments in this capacity.
Embryologist Career Progression

Pros and Cons of Working as an Embryologist


  • Helping People Achieve Parenthood
  • Advancing Reproductive Medicine
  • Intellectual Stimulation
  • Hands-On Laboratory Work
  • Collaborative Teamwork


  • Emotional Toll
  • Ethical Dilemmas
  • Long and Irregular Hours
  • High Responsibility
  • Regulatory Compliance

Useful Skills to Have as an Embryologist

  • Microscopic techniques proficiency
  • Cell culture expertise
  • Data analysis and record-keeping
  • Patience
  • Communication skills

Popular Embryologist Specialties

Embryology is a specialized field, and while all embryologists work with embryos and reproductive processes, some focus on specific specialties.

Here are some popular specialties that embryologists may pursue:

  • Clinical Embryologist
  • Research Embryologist
  • Genetic Embryologist
  • Andrologist
  • Embryology Quality Control Specialist

How to become an Embryologist

Embryologist 5 Steps to Career

Embarking on the journey to become an embryologist involves a blend of academic dedication and practical experience. If you’re wondering how to become an embryologist, from educational prerequisites to the benefits of a biology degree and the time it takes to earn one, we’ll provide insights into the foundational aspects of this captivating field. Let’s dive into the exciting steps of how to become an embryologist and nurture your passion for understanding the miracle of life’s inception.

Step 1: Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

To become an embryologist, you need a relevant degree. Most embryologists start with a bachelor’s degree in biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, or a related field. During undergraduate studies, coursework in areas such as developmental biology, genetics, and reproductive physiology is important for building a solid foundation.

While a master’s degree is optional, it can provide specialized knowledge and enhance your competitiveness in certain roles. However, a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in reproductive biology, embryology, or a related field is typically required for advanced positions like clinical embryologist or research embryologist. Practical training and hands-on experience in a laboratory or clinical setting are also crucial for gaining expertise in embryology.

Why is it important to get a degree in biology?

Getting a biology degree can offer numerous personal and professional benefits.

Here are some of the key advantages of earning a degree in biology:

  • Diverse Career Opportunities: A biology degree opens the door to a wide range of career options. Graduates can pursue careers in research, healthcare, education, environmental science, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, and more. The versatility of a biology degree allows individuals to explore various fields and find a career that aligns with their interests and passions.
  • Contribution to Science and Society: Biology is a fundamental science that explores life and living organisms. With a biology degree, you have the opportunity to contribute to scientific discoveries and advancements that can have a positive impact on society. You may participate in groundbreaking research or work on solutions to pressing global challenges, such as disease prevention, conservation, and environmental sustainability.
  • Career Stability: Many careers in biology, particularly in healthcare and research, offer job stability and growth potential. The demand for professionals with expertise in biology remains strong, making it a reliable field for long-term career prospects.
  • Personal Fulfillment: For those passionate about understanding the natural world and life processes, studying biology can be personally fulfilling. It allows you to satisfy your curiosity about living organisms and their interactions with the environment.

How long does it take to get a degree in biology?

The length of time it takes to earn a degree in biology can vary depending on the level of education and the specific program you choose.

Here are the typical durations for different types of biology degrees:

  • Bachelor’s Degree (B.S. or B.A. in Biology): A bachelor’s degree in biology typically takes four years to complete if you are enrolled as a full-time student. This typically includes general education requirements in addition to major-specific coursework.
  • Master’s Degree (M.S. in Biology): A master’s degree in biology typically takes two years of full-time study beyond the bachelor’s degree. Some programs may offer accelerated options allowing you to complete the degree in as little as one year, while part-time programs may take longer.
  • Doctoral Degree (Ph.D. in Biology): A Ph.D. in biology is the highest level of education in the field and typically requires several years of full-time study and research. The duration can vary widely depending on the research project and program requirements, but it often takes around 4 to 7 years to complete a Ph.D. in biology.

How much does it cost to study biology at university?

The cost of studying biology at a university can vary significantly depending on several factors, including the specific university or college, whether you are an in-state or out-of-state student, and whether you attend a public or private institution. Here are some key cost considerations:

  • Undergraduate Tuition & Fee: An undergraduate degree will cost around $9,784 USD in-state and $31,080 out-of-state.
  • Graduate Tuition & Fee: A graduate degree will cost around $11,034 USD in-state and $25,027 out-of-state.

Can I become an embryologist through online education?

Becoming an embryologist typically requires a well-rounded education that combines theoretical knowledge with practical laboratory skills and clinical experience, making it challenging to solely rely on online education. While online courses can provide valuable theoretical foundations in subjects like biology, genetics, and reproductive biology, they may not fully address the hands-on laboratory techniques and clinical training necessary for embryology.

Practical skills, such as embryo culture and genetic testing, are best acquired through in-person laboratory work, and clinical embryologists need direct experience in fertility clinics where they interact with patients and perform procedures like IVF and embryo transfers. Additionally, many regions require certification or licensing for embryologists, often with practical training prerequisites.

While online education can be a component of your education, it’s advisable to supplement it with traditional in-person programs, internships, or laboratory positions to gain the practical experience and skills needed to excel in this field. Hybrid programs that combine online coursework with in-person training may also be an option worth exploring.

Step 2: Gain Laboratory Experience

Embarking on a career as an embryologist is not only a journey of academic knowledge but also a quest for hands-on experience that shapes your expertise and readiness for the field.

While pursuing your undergraduate degree, seek out opportunities for laboratory experience. Working as a research assistant or lab technician in a biology or fertility-related lab can provide valuable hands-on experience.

A Day in the Life of an Embryologist | Video by Sunfert International Fertility Centre

Step 3: Earn a Master’s Degree (Optional)

Some embryologists choose to pursue a master’s degree in embryology or a related field to gain specialized knowledge and skills. While not always required, a master’s degree can enhance your qualifications and competitiveness in the job market.

Step 4: Complete a Relevant Internship or Clinical Training

Internship opportunities for embryologists can provide valuable hands-on experience and a deeper understanding of the field. These internships typically take place in fertility clinics, research institutions, or laboratories specializing in reproductive biology.

Here are some common internship opportunities for aspiring embryologists:

  • Clinical Embryology Internship: Clinical embryology internships are often available in fertility clinics or assisted reproductive technology (ART) centers. As an intern, you’ll work closely with experienced clinical embryologists and gain hands-on experience in procedures like in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), embryo culture, and embryo transfer. You’ll also have the opportunity to learn about patient interactions, laboratory management, and quality control.
  • Research Internship: Research internships in embryology are typically offered by universities, research institutions, and biotechnology companies. These internships focus on laboratory research related to embryonic development, reproductive biology, or fertility treatments. Research interns may assist with experiments, data collection, and analysis, and they often work alongside established researchers.
  • Genetic Embryology Internship: If you’re interested in the genetic aspects of embryology, you may find internships that focus on preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) or other genetic screening techniques. These internships may be available in specialized laboratories that offer genetic testing services to fertility clinics.
  • Embryo Cryopreservation Internship: Some clinics and laboratories offer internships focused on embryo cryopreservation and storage. Interns learn how to handle and freeze embryos, as well as manage cryopreservation equipment and procedures.
  • Quality Control and Laboratory Management Internship: Quality control and laboratory management internships focus on ensuring the quality and compliance of embryology laboratories with regulatory standards. Interns may assist in auditing laboratory practices, implementing quality improvement initiatives, and maintaining records.
  • Animal Embryology Internship: In addition to human embryology, some internships may be available in animal embryology, particularly in research settings or institutions focused on animal breeding and genetics.

To find internship opportunities in embryology, consider reaching out to fertility clinics, research institutions, universities, and laboratory facilities in your area. Many universities and institutions also advertise internship programs on their websites, and you can explore online internship platforms and professional organizations in the field for potential opportunities. Keep in mind that internship availability may vary by region and organization, so it’s essential to research and apply to programs that align with your career goals and interests.

Step 5: Obtain Certification

While not mandatory, becoming a certified embryologist can demonstrate your competence and commitment to the field. The American Board of Bioanalysis (ABB) offers certification for embryologists. Eligibility requirements for certification may include a combination of education and experience.

What skills will I learn as an Embryologist?

As an embryologist, you will acquire a diverse set of skills encompassing both technical laboratory skills and interpersonal skills necessary for patient care and collaboration.

Here are the key skills you will learn and develop as an embryologist:

  • Laboratory Techniques:
    • Micromanipulation: You will learn precise micromanipulation techniques to handle eggs, sperm, and embryos. This includes procedures like intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo biopsy.
    • Culturing Embryos: You’ll gain expertise in culturing embryos in a controlled laboratory environment, optimizing conditions for their growth and development.
    • Cryopreservation: You will learn how to freeze and thaw embryos and gametes using cryopreservation techniques, ensuring their viability for future use.
    • Genetic Testing: In some cases, you’ll acquire skills in genetic testing procedures such as preimplantation genetic testing (PGT).
  • Equipment Operation: You’ll become proficient in operating and maintaining specialized laboratory equipment such as microscopes, incubators, centrifuges, and cryopreservation equipment.
  • Quality Control: You’ll develop skills in quality control and quality assurance to ensure the accuracy, safety, and consistency of laboratory procedures. This includes monitoring and maintaining records of laboratory conditions.
  • Documentation and Record Keeping: Accurate and detailed record-keeping is essential in embryology. You’ll learn to maintain comprehensive records of patient information, laboratory procedures, and outcomes.
  • Patient Communication: Interacting with patients and providing emotional support is a crucial aspect of clinical embryology. You’ll develop strong communication skills to explain procedures, discuss treatment options, and address patient concerns.
  • Ethical Considerations: You’ll gain an understanding of ethical considerations in embryology, especially in cases involving embryo selection, genetic testing, and other sensitive decisions.
  • Problem-Solving: Embryologists often encounter unexpected challenges in the laboratory. You’ll develop problem-solving skills to troubleshoot issues and adapt procedures as needed.
  • Teamwork: Collaborating with other healthcare professionals, including reproductive endocrinologists, nurses, and genetic counselors, is essential. You’ll learn effective teamwork and communication within a multidisciplinary team.

These skills collectively contribute to your effectiveness as an embryologist, whether you work in clinical settings, research, or other related areas of reproductive biology. Ongoing professional development and continuing education are essential to stay current in the field and continue honing these skills throughout your career.

What is the Work-Life Balance of an Embryologist?

The work-life balance of an embryologist can vary depending on several factors, including the specific job setting, the demands of the role, and individual preferences.

Here are some key considerations regarding the work-life balance of an embryologist:

  • Job Setting: The work-life balance for embryologists can differ significantly based on whether they work in clinical settings, research institutions, or academic positions.
  • Patient Load: The number of patients or procedures an embryologist is responsible for can affect their workload. In busy fertility clinics, clinical embryologists may have a higher patient load, which can lead to longer work hours.
  • Emergency Situations: In clinical settings, embryologists may need to respond to urgent situations, such as the need for an unplanned procedure or consultation. This can occasionally disrupt work hours.
  • Seasonal Variations: The demand for fertility treatments can vary seasonally, with some periods being busier than others. Embryologists may experience fluctuations in their work schedules accordingly.
  • Stress Levels: The emotional and ethical aspects of the job, particularly in clinical settings, can be demanding and affect an individual’s work-life balance. Providing support and counseling to patients undergoing fertility treatments can be emotionally taxing.

What’s the Career Outlook for Embryologists?

The career outlook for embryologists is generally positive, with a growing demand for their expertise in fertility clinics and assisted reproductive technology (ART) centers. In fact, embryologist demand is projected to grow 17% from 2018 to 2028. Increasing awareness of fertility issues and advancements in reproductive medicine contribute to the steady need for trained professionals. Opportunities also exist in research, genetic testing, academic roles, and laboratory management. While competition for positions may vary by location, staying current with industry trends and considering specialization can enhance career prospects in this evolving field.

Embryologist Popular Career Specialties

10 Workplaces Looking For Embryologists

Embryologists have skills and expertise that are in demand in various industries, primarily related to reproductive biology, genetics, and assisted reproductive technologies.

Here are ten settings where embryologists may find employment opportunities:

  • Fertility Clinics: Fertility clinics and assisted reproductive technology (ART) centers hire embryologists to perform procedures like in vitro fertilization (IVF), embryo culture, and embryo transfer.
  • Hospitals: Some hospitals have specialized fertility departments where embryologists work alongside reproductive endocrinologists to provide fertility treatments and services.
  • Research Institutions: Academic institutions, research centers, and universities employ embryologists in research roles, focusing on reproductive biology, embryonic development, and related areas.
  • Biotechnology Companies: Biotechnology firms often hire embryologists for research and development of new technologies and products related to reproductive health, genetics, and embryology.
  • Genetic Testing Laboratories: Laboratories specializing in genetic testing, including preimplantation genetic testing, may employ embryologists with expertise in genetic screening.
  • Pharmaceutical Companies: Pharmaceutical companies working on fertility-related medications and treatments may hire embryologists for research and development roles.
  • Animal Reproduction: In agriculture and veterinary medicine, embryologists work with animal reproductive processes and technologies for breeding and genetic improvement.
  • Embryo Banking and Cryopreservation Facilities: Facilities that store human or animal embryos for future use require embryologists to handle embryo cryopreservation and storage.
  • Academic and Clinical Training Programs: Embryologists with experience and expertise may teach and train the next generation of embryologists in universities, colleges, and specialized training programs.
  • International Opportunities: Embryologists may find opportunities to work internationally, especially in regions with a growing demand for fertility treatments and reproductive services.

Should I become an Embryologist?

In the captivating realm of embryology, a career path unfolds where science meets the profound. As an embryologist, you become an architect of hope, guiding families toward the realization of their most cherished dreams. You are at the forefront of scientific innovation, contributing to the evolution of reproductive biology and pioneering new horizons in assisted reproductive technologies.

Your journey in this dynamic field promises continuous learning and the potential to shape the future of fertility treatments. It’s a profession that combines intellectual stimulation with heartfelt patient relationships, where the mysteries of life’s beginnings are unlocked.

As the demand for trained embryologists continues to rise, this career beckons those with a passion for the miraculous and a commitment to making a profound difference in the lives of others.

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Emma Philo

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