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How to Become a Dermatologist

By Ajoke Aminu


Do you have a passion for skincare and helping people feel confident in their own skin? Say “yes” by reading this comprehensive guide on how to become a dermatologist. Earning a dermatology degree will set you on the right path but there is more. Leverage this tell-all, where we reveal the dermatology salary, career progression, outlook, and more.

Career Summary

Dermatologist Salary

The field of dermatology is a popular choice among medical professionals, and for good reason. Not only does it provide a wide range of career opportunities, but it can also be a very lucrative field. Many people often wonder how much money dermatologists make, and the answer might surprise you. With years of education and specialized training, dermatologists can expect to earn a significant salary that reflects their expertise and hard work. Let’s explore the dermatologist salary range:

  • Entry Salary (US$176k)
  • Median Salary (US$235k)
  • Executive Salary (US$316k)

While we’re on the subject, the dermatology wage typically falls into the high-income range compared to the general average income of US citizens.

What does a Dermatologist do?

A dermatologist is a medical professional who specializes in diagnosing, treating, and managing conditions and diseases related to the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes, providing medical, surgical, and cosmetic care to patients.

Dermatologist Career Progression

  • Dermatology Resident: As an entry-level position, dermatology residents are physicians who have completed medical school and are undergoing specialized training in dermatology. They work under the supervision of experienced dermatologists, gaining hands-on clinical experience.
  • Dermatologists: Upon completing their residency, dermatologists become fully qualified medical practitioners specializing in dermatology. They diagnose and treat a wide range of skin conditions through medical, surgical, and cosmetic interventions.
  • Dermatology Associate: After gaining experience as a dermatologist, some professionals join established dermatology practices as associates. In this role, they work closely with senior dermatologists, collaborating on patient care, participating in practice management, and gradually developing their own patient base.
  • Dermatology Medical Director: As dermatologists gain expertise and experience, they may progress to become medical directors within dermatology practices or medical centers. In this leadership role, they oversee clinical operations, guide treatment protocols, provide mentorship to other dermatologists, and ensure the delivery of high-quality patient care.
  • Dermatology Researcher: Some dermatologists choose to pursue a career in research, focusing on advancing knowledge in the field of dermatology. They may conduct clinical trials, investigate new treatments or technologies, publish scientific papers, and contribute to the development of evidence-based practices.
  • Dermatology Professor: Dermatologists with a passion for teaching and academia may seek opportunities as professors in medical schools or universities. They educate and train medical students, residents, and fellows, conduct research, and contribute to academic publications and conferences.
  • Dermatology Executive/Administrator: At the executive level, dermatologists may transition into administrative or leadership roles within healthcare organizations or dermatology practices. They oversee strategic planning, financial management, regulatory compliance, and overall business operations, ensuring the success and growth of the organization.

Dermatologist Career Progression

Pros & Cons of Choosing to Become a Dermatologist


  • Rewarding Patient Care
  • Diverse Patient Population
  • Variety of Specialization Options
  • Work-Life Balance
  • Financial Stability


  • Extensive Education and Training
  • Competitive Residency Programs
  • Large Patient Volume
  • Administrative Tasks
  • Potential for Stressful Cases

Must-Have Skills for Every Dermatologist

  • Clinical Expertise
  • Dermatological Procedures
  • Diagnostic Skills
  • Clinical Judgment
  • Ethical Practice

Popular Dermatology Specialties

  • Medical Dermatology
  • Surgical Dermatology
  • Pediatric Dermatology
  • Dermatopathology
  • Cosmetic Dermatology

How to Become a Dermatologist

Dermatologist 5 Steps to Career

Dermatologists play a vital role in diagnosing and treating skin disorders, improving their patients’ overall health and well-being. If you have a passion for skincare, a keen interest in medical science, and a desire to help others, pursuing a career as a dermatologist may be the right path for you. Here, we will explore the steps and requirements to become a dermatologist, from education and training to licensing and specialization options.

Common Steps to Becoming a Dermatologist

The ABCs of Becoming a Dermatologist

Dermatology is a fascinating field that centers on diagnosing, treating, and preventing all sorts of skin conditions. A strong educational foundation is essential to become a dermatologist. By the end of your educational road, however, you will be an expert in diagnosing and treating conditions like acne, skin cancer, and eczema.

Is a Dermatology Degree Necessary to Become a Dermatologist?

The answer is yes. Obtaining a dermatology degree is a crucial step in becoming a licensed dermatologist. The road to becoming a dermatologist requires several years of rigorous education beyond just the undergraduate degree. Dermatologists undergo many years of schooling, including medical school, residency, and fellowship programs. A glance at the dermatologist job description, which involves diagnosing and treating skin conditions, conducting skin cancer screenings, and providing cosmetic procedures, underscores the crucial role of education in this field.

Here are the common steps in pursuing a dermatology degree:

  • Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree: The first step is to complete a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field such as biology, chemistry, or pre-medicine. This undergraduate program provides a solid scientific knowledge base and prepares you for advanced studies in medical school.
  • Medical School: After completing your bachelor’s degree, attending medical school is next. Admission to medical school typically requires a competitive score on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and a strong academic record. Medical school typically lasts four years and combines classroom learning and clinical rotations.
  • Residency: Following medical school, aspiring dermatologists must complete a residency program in dermatology. Dermatology residencies typically last three years and involve intensive training in diagnosing and treating skin disorders under the guidance of experienced dermatologists. Residents gain hands-on experience in various areas, including medical dermatology, surgical dermatology, pediatric dermatology, and dermatopathology.
  • Board Certification: After completing residency, dermatologists can pursue board certification through the American Board of Dermatology (ABD) or other relevant boards. Board certification demonstrates expertise in dermatology and involves passing an examination that assesses knowledge and clinical skills.

Importance of a Dermatology Degree as You Become a Dermatologist

Obtaining a degree in dermatology is crucial for several reasons. First, it provides in-depth knowledge of the skin’s structure, function, and diseases. Dermatology-specific coursework equips aspiring dermatologists with a comprehensive understanding of various skin conditions, their diagnosis, and treatment modalities. Additionally, a dermatology degree demonstrates a commitment to the field and enhances credibility when seeking employment or pursuing further specialization.

Basically, a dermatology degree is:

  • Essential for diagnosing and treating various skin conditions.
  • Enables performing skin cancer screenings accurately.
  • Provides the knowledge and expertise for offering cosmetic procedures.
  • Ensures the ability to deliver specialized care and recommendations.
  • Establishes credibility and trust with patients and peers.

Duration and Cost of Obtaining a Dermatology Degree at University

Learning how to become a dermatologist is not for the faint-hearted, as it requires commitment and dedication. The duration and cost of studying dermatology at a university can vary depending on the educational pathway and the country or region in which you pursue your degree. Generally, it takes at least four years to obtain a dermatology degree from a reputable university, but the time and cost can vary depending on the program and institution.

In the United States, for example, the typical timeline involves four years of undergraduate study, four years of medical school, and three years of dermatology residency. Once you’re fully qualified, your dermatologist salary is well enough to compensate for the hard work, upwards of six figures per year.

However, we can’t let you play judge without also taking into account that the tuition and fees for medical school vary widely, spanning from US$26,000 to US$70,000. It’s important to research universities and programs’ specific requirements, duration, and associated costs. Financial aid, scholarships, and grants may be available to help offset the cost of education for aspiring dermatologists.

Can I Become a Dermatologist Through Online Education?

Becoming a dermatologist typically requires completing a rigorous educational and training program that includes hands-on clinical experience. While online resources may be available to supplement learning or provide continuing education for practicing dermatologists, it is generally impossible to become a dermatologist solely through online education.

Dermatology involves diagnosing and treating various skin conditions, often necessitating practical experience, direct patient interaction, and supervised training. Medical schools and dermatology residency programs typically require in-person attendance to ensure comprehensive training and the development of clinical skills.

However, it’s worth noting that online platforms and technology can play a valuable role in enhancing medical education and providing access to educational resources, research literature, and telemedicine options for consultation and follow-up care.

Reliable Online Resources to Become a Dermatologist

There are several reputable web resources available that can assist in learning skills related to dermatology. It’s important to note that while these resources can be helpful for self-study and expanding knowledge, they should not replace formal medical education, clinical training, or consultation with qualified dermatologists. They can, however, supplement knowledge and provide valuable insights. Here are a few examples:

  • DermNet NZ: This comprehensive dermatology resource offers various articles, clinical images, and educational materials.
  • American Academy of Dermatology: AAD provides educational resources, webinars, and online courses for both dermatologists and those aspiring to become one.
  • Medscape Dermatology: Offers dermatology articles, case studies, and educational materials, as well as updates on the latest research and clinical guidelines.
  • PubMed: Access a vast database of dermatology research articles and clinical studies to stay updated on the latest developments in the field.
  • Dermatology Forums: Participate in online dermatology forums and communities where you can ask questions, share knowledge, and learn from experienced dermatologists and peers. Websites like Student Doctor Network (SDN) and Reddit’s r/Dermatology are good places to start.
  • VisualDx: VisualDx is a diagnostic clinical decision support tool that can enhance dermatology knowledge. It offers a vast image library and allows users to explore visual representations of various skin conditions to aid in differential diagnosis.
  • Dermatology Education Foundation: The Dermatology Education Foundation offers a range of resources focused on dermatology. It provides educational materials, webinars, and case studies to enhance knowledge and skills in this specialized area.

A Practical Approach to Become a Dermatologist

It takes education and practical experience combined to become a dermatologist. Although the dermatology degree coursework includes anatomy, physiology, and pathology, among other subjects, it’s equally important to gain experience.

Residency Programs: A Dermatologist’s Equivalent to Internship

Internship opportunities for dermatologists typically refer to the residency program that follows the completion of medical school. Dermatology residency programs typically last three years and are structured to provide broad exposure to different aspects of dermatology. Residents rotate through various subspecialties within dermatology, such as medical dermatology, surgical dermatology, pediatric dermatology, and dermatopathology. This allows you to gain hands-on experience in diagnosing and treating a wide range of dermatological conditions, performing procedures, and managing patient care.

The residency program provides ample opportunities for you to learn through clinical encounters, case discussions, grand rounds, and research projects. Residents also have the chance to work in diverse clinical settings, including hospitals, outpatient clinics, and specialized dermatology centers. This exposure helps you develop expertise in managing complex cases and handling different patient populations.

It’s worth noting that the programs are typically available through accredited dermatology residency programs affiliated with medical institutions and hospitals. Aspiring dermatologists must go through a competitive application process and secure a residency position to complete their internship and further their training in the field.

Here are the key steps to securing an internship as a dermatologist:

  • Residency Match: Dermatology residencies are highly competitive, and candidates must go through the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) or the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) to secure a residency position. The matching process usually occurs during the final year of medical school.
  • Dermatology Residency: Once accepted into a dermatology residency program, you will undergo specialized training in dermatology.
  • Fellowships (Optional): After completing a dermatology residency, some dermatologists choose to pursue additional fellowship training in subspecialties such as dermatopathology, pediatric dermatology, or cosmetic dermatology.

9 Essential Skills You Will Learn as a Dermatologist

As a dermatologist, you will acquire diverse skills essential for diagnosing and treating various skin conditions. Here are some key skills you will learn and develop throughout your career as a dermatologist:

  • Clinical Assessment: You will learn how to perform comprehensive clinical assessments of patients, including conducting thorough medical histories, performing physical examinations, and evaluating skin manifestations. This skill enables you to diagnose dermatological conditions and develop appropriate treatment plans accurately.
  • Dermatological Procedures: Dermatologists are trained in various procedures, such as skin biopsies, cryotherapy, laser treatments, chemical peels, and surgical excisions. You will learn the technical skills required to perform these procedures safely and effectively.
  • Dermatopathology: Dermatopathology involves the microscopic examination of skin tissue samples to diagnose skin diseases. As a dermatologist, you will develop skills in interpreting histopathological findings and correlating them with clinical observations to reach accurate diagnoses.
  • Treatment Planning: Dermatologists formulate individualized treatment plans for patients based on their specific conditions, preferences, and medical history. You will learn to consider various factors, such as the severity of the condition, potential side effects, patient expectations, and available treatment options to develop effective and tailored treatment strategies.
  • Patient Communication and Education: Effective communication is crucial in dermatology. You will learn to communicate complex medical information effectively to patients, including explaining diagnoses, discussing treatment options, and providing instructions for self-care and medication management. Additionally, educating patients about preventive measures, lifestyle modifications, and sun protection is an important aspect of dermatological practice.
  • Multidisciplinary Collaboration: Dermatologists often collaborate with other healthcare professionals, including primary care physicians, oncologists, plastic surgeons, and allergists, among others. You will develop skills in interdisciplinary collaboration to ensure comprehensive and coordinated patient care.
  • Research and Evidence-Based Practice: Dermatology is a field that continuously evolves with new research, treatments, and technologies. As a dermatologist, you will develop skills to stay updated with the latest scientific advancements, critically evaluate medical literature, and incorporate evidence-based practices into your clinical decision-making.
  • Cultural Competency: In today’s diverse society, cultural competency is essential. You will learn to provide culturally sensitive care and consider the impact of cultural factors on dermatological conditions and treatment choices.
  • Record Keeping: Proper documentation and medical record keeping are crucial for patient care and legal purposes. You will learn to maintain accurate and comprehensive patient records. Notwithstanding, dermatologists can hire medical scribes to help with most of these tasks.

Maintaining Work-Life Balance as a Dermatologist

It is essential for dermatologists, like other healthcare professionals, to actively manage their work-life balance to prevent burnout and maintain their overall well-being. This may involve effective time management, setting realistic expectations, delegating tasks when appropriate, and seeking support from colleagues and family. Finding a balance that works for each individual is key.

The work-life balance of a dermatologist can vary depending on several factors, including the specific practice setting, work environment, personal preferences, and individual circumstances. Here are some factors that can influence the work-life balance of a dermatologist:

  • Practice Setting: Dermatologists can work in various settings and their work-life balance may differ based on the demands and expectations of the specific practice setting. For example, dermatologists in private practice may have more control over their schedules and patient load, allowing for greater flexibility.
  • Work Hours: The typical work hours for dermatologists can vary. In private practice, dermatologists may have more control over their work hours, but they may also need to accommodate patient needs, including evening or weekend appointments. In contrast, dermatologists working in hospital or academic settings may have more structured schedules but may also have opportunities for research or teaching, which can provide a different balance.
  • Patient Load: The number of patients seen daily can impact work-life balance. Higher patient loads can lead to busier schedules and potentially more time spent at work. However, this can vary depending on individual practice preferences and the capacity to manage patient volumes effectively.
  • On-Call Responsibilities: Dermatologists may have on-call responsibilities, particularly in hospital settings or when managing urgent or emergent cases. On-call duties can impact personal time and may require being available outside regular working hours. However, the frequency and intensity of on-call duties can vary depending on the specific practice and employment arrangements.

What’s the Career Outlook for Dermatologists?

As people become more conscious of their skin health, the demand for dermatologists has increased. To become a dermatologist, one must complete a medical degree and residency in dermatology, which typically takes about 12 years of schooling and training. But, the long journey is worth it, as the dermatologist salary is one of the highest in the medical field.

With a growing population and increased awareness of the importance of skin health, the career outlook for dermatologists is promising, projecting a job growth rate of 3% from 2020 to 2030.

Furthermore, dermatology offers opportunities for specialization and subspecialization. Dermatologists can focus on specific areas such as pediatric dermatology, dermatopathology, cosmetic dermatology, or dermatologic surgery. Specializing in a niche area can enhance career prospects and potentially lead to higher salaries.

Dermatologist Popular Career Specialties

15 High-paying Job Opportunities for a Dermatologist

Dermatology offers a diverse range of job opportunities that provide financial stability and mental and emotional satisfaction by helping people feel good about themselves.

Here, we will explore 15 high-paying job opportunities for dermatologists, each offering unique challenges and rewards.

  • Private Practice: Many dermatologists establish private practices, where they diagnose and treat patients with various skin, hair, and nail conditions. Private practice offers autonomy and the ability to build a patient base.
  • Hospital-Based Dermatology: Dermatologists can work in hospitals, providing specialized care to patients with complex dermatological issues, collaborating with other medical specialists, and managing inpatient consultations.
  • Academic Medicine: Academic institutions and medical schools hire dermatologists to teach medical students, residents, and fellows. Academic dermatologists also engage in research and contribute to advancements in the field.
  • Research and Clinical Trials: Dermatologists interested in research can pursue careers in clinical trials and medical research, contributing to the development of new treatments, medications, and therapies for dermatological conditions.
  • Cosmetic Dermatology: Some dermatologists specialize in cosmetic dermatology, offering treatments such as Botox, dermal fillers, chemical peels, and laser therapies to enhance the appearance of patients.
  • Dermatopathology: Dermatopathologists are dermatologists who specialize in diagnosing skin diseases through the examination of skin tissue samples under a microscope. They often work in pathology labs.
  • Pediatric Dermatology: Pediatric dermatologists focus on diagnosing and treating skin conditions in children. They may work in pediatric hospitals, clinics, or academic institutions.
  • Teledermatology: With the rise of telemedicine, dermatologists can provide remote consultations and diagnosis to patients, offering flexibility in their practice.
  • Dermatology Consultation Services: Dermatologists may provide consultation services to primary care physicians, other specialists, and healthcare facilities to help diagnose and manage dermatological cases.
  • Global Health and Dermatology Outreach: Some dermatologists engage in global health initiatives, providing dermatological care and education in underserved areas around the world.
  • Dermatological Surgery: Dermatological surgeons specialize in performing various surgical procedures, such as skin excisions and skin grafts, to treat skin cancers and other conditions.
  • Dermatology Administration and Leadership: Experienced dermatologists may take on leadership roles within healthcare organizations, clinics, or medical societies, overseeing dermatology departments and initiatives.
  • Consulting and Medical Writing: Dermatologists can work as medical consultants or writers, sharing their expertise with pharmaceutical companies, healthcare organizations, or publications.
  • Entrepreneurship: Some dermatologists choose to launch their skincare product lines or dermatology clinics, combining their medical knowledge with entrepreneurial ventures.
  • Expert Witness in Legal Cases: Dermatologists with expertise in forensic dermatology may serve as expert witnesses in legal cases involving skin-related issues.

Different Categories of Companies Hiring Dermatologists

Dermatologists can be hired by various types of companies and organizations, including:

  • Private Dermatology Practices
  • Hospitals and Medical Centers
  • Academic Institutions and Medical Schools
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Research Institutions
  • Cosmetic and Aesthetic Clinics
  • Dermatopathology Laboratories
  • Telemedicine and Online Healthcare Platforms
  • Healthcare Consulting Firms
  • Dermatological Product Manufacturers
  • Dermatology Clinics in Retail Settings
  • Dermatology Associations and Societies
  • Government Health Agencies
  • Global Health and Nonprofit Organizations
  • Legal Firms (as Expert Witnesses in Legal Cases)
  • Skincare and Beauty Companies (for Product Development)
  • Medical Device Manufacturers (related to dermatological equipment)
  • Spa and Wellness Centers (for Cosmetic Dermatology)
  • Clinical Research Organizations (CROs)
  • Telehealth and Telemedicine Companies

Should I become a Dermatologist?

As you consider the key points in this article, including the education and training required, the job outlook, and salary expectations, you mustn’t get carried away. Although the information provided in this article highlights the key factors of how to become a dermatologist, it is crucial to assess your personal interests, skills, and long-term goals before making a decision.

Are you passionate about treating skin conditions? Does the thought of performing skincare procedures excite you? It is essential to think about long-term goals. Do you see yourself specializing in a certain area of dermatology or maybe even starting your practice one day?

Dermatology can be a rewarding and fulfilling career choice for those with a deep interest in the field and a desire to improve patient’s skin health. Ultimately, it is crucial to weigh all factors before deciding whether or not to become a dermatologist.

Careers Related to Dermatologist

Ajoke Aminu

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