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How to Become a Computer Animator

By Andrea Delgado


Are you fascinated by the world of animation and dream of bringing characters and stories to life through mesmerizing visuals?

If so, becoming a computer animator, also known as special effects artist, might be the perfect path for you. In this article, we will delve into the exciting journey of becoming a computer animator, exploring the essential skills, training, and opportunities that await aspiring artists in this dynamic and creative field.

Career Summary

Computer Animator Salary

Computer Animator Salary

The computer animator salary can vary significantly depending on different factors.

Here is a general overview of a computer animator’s salary range from entry-level to executive positions according to data from

  • Entry Salary (US$59k)
  • Median Salary (US$77k)
  • Executive Salary (US$100k)

The average salary of computer animators in the United States surpassed the national average income for all occupations, which was approximately US$61,900 in May 2022.

What does a Computer Animator do?

A computer animator is responsible for creating captivating and lifelike animations using specialized software and computer programs. They bring characters, objects, and scenes to life, using their artistic talents and technical skills to produce visually stunning and engaging content. Computer animators work in various industries, including film, television, video games, and advertising, using their creativity and expertise to craft compelling visual narratives.

Computer Animator Career Progression

The career progression for a computer animator typically begins with:

  • Junior Animator or Intern: They gain hands-on experience and build their portfolio.
  • Mid-Level Animator or Character Animator: Taking on more complex projects and responsibilities.
  • Senior Animator or Lead Animator: They may oversee teams, manage projects, and contribute to the creative direction of larger productions.

Additionally, some experienced computer animators may choose to specialize in specific areas, such as 3D modeling, visual effects, or motion capture, further advancing their careers and opportunities within the animation industry.

Computer Animator Career Progression


  • Creative and artistic expression through animation.
  • Ability to bring characters and stories to life visually.
  • Opportunities to work on diverse and exciting projects across various industries (film, TV, video games, advertising).
  • Constantly evolving technology and software, keeping the work dynamic and engaging.
  • Collaboration with talented and passionate professionals in the animation industry.


  • Long hours and tight deadlines, which can lead to potential burnout and stress.
  • Competitive job market, making it challenging to secure stable and well-paying positions.
  • Sitting for extended periods can lead to health issues like back pain and eye strain.
  • Frequent revisions and feedback from clients or supervisors, which may require constant adjustments to work.
  • High-pressure environments, especially during crunch times or when working on major projects.

Valuable Skills to Have as a Computer Animator

  • Proficiency in Animation Software
  • Artistic and Drawing Skills
  • Knowledge of Principles of Animation
  • Understanding of 3D Modeling
  • Teamwork

Popular Computer Animator Specialties

  • 3D Modeling
  • Visual Effects
  • Character Animation
  • Motion Graphics
  • Game Animation

How to become a Computer Animator

Computer Animator 5 Steps to Career

Step 1: Develop Your Artistic Skills

Start by honing your drawing and illustration abilities, as a strong foundation in art is essential for computer animators. Practice sketching characters and scenes to build your artistic portfolio, which will become a testament to your creative flair and proficiency in visual storytelling. Let’s explore some skills that are valuable for a computer animator:

  • Strong Artistic and Drawing Skills: Crucial for special effects artists as they need to create visually appealing characters and scenes, ensuring that their effects seamlessly blend with the overall animation or live-action footage.
  • Knowledge of Animation Principles: Such as timing, spacing, and squash and stretch, is essential for computer animators to imbue their creations with a sense of realism and fluidity, making their effects more captivating and believable.
  • Understanding 3D Modeling and Rigging: Vital for special effects artists as they often work with complex digital models that need to be animated with precision and flexibility, enhancing the overall impact of their visual effects.
  • Creativity and Storytelling Skills: Play a crucial role in special effects animation, allowing artists to convey emotions and narratives through their effects, adding depth and meaning to the scenes they create.

In addition to artistic skills, the following soft skills are crucial for success in the animation industry:

  • The ability to work effectively in a team and take direction is important as computer animators collaborate with various departments to integrate their effects seamlessly into the project, contributing to a cohesive final product.
  • Attention to detail and patience are valuable traits for special effects artists, as they need to fine-tune their animations meticulously to achieve the desired level of visual fidelity and impact.
  • Problem-solving abilities help computer animators to overcome technical challenges that may arise during the animation process, ensuring the smooth execution of their effects.
  • Time management skills are critical for special effects artists to meet tight production deadlines and efficiently handle multiple projects simultaneously, ensuring timely delivery of their work.
  • Continuous learning and staying updated on industry trends and new animation techniques are essential to remain at the forefront of the animation field, delivering cutting-edge and innovative visual effects that captivate audiences.

What are some web resources to learn skills to become a Computer Animator?

Using web resources can be an invaluable aid in acquiring the necessary skills to become a Computer Animator. The vast array of online tutorials, courses, and educational platforms offer a flexible and accessible learning environment for aspiring animators. Through these resources, individuals can access a wealth of knowledge, ranging from fundamental animation principles to advanced software techniques, all at their own pace and convenience.

Online communities and forums also foster a sense of camaraderie, allowing learners to connect with experienced animators and receive constructive feedback on their work. Moreover, web resources often stay up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies in the animation industry, ensuring that learners remain informed and relevant in this ever-evolving field. Whether it’s mastering character animation, 3D modeling, or special effects, harnessing web resources empowers aspiring computer animators with the tools and support they need to develop their skills and embark on a rewarding and successful journey in the world of animation.

There are several excellent web resources where you can learn skills to become a computer animator.

Here are some popular and reputable platforms:

  • Animation Mentor: An online animation school that offers specialized courses and mentorship in 3D character animation, providing learners with a structured and comprehensive learning experience.
  • Animation Resources: As a non-profit organization, Animation Resources offers a wide range of educational resources and references for animators, presenting a collection of historical and contemporary materials to inspire and inform aspiring animators.
  • CG Cookie: A platform providing courses and tutorials covering various animation topics, including 3D character animation and motion graphics, catering to learners with different interests and skill levels in the animation field.
  • YouTube: A treasure trove of valuable animation tutorials and tips shared by professional animators and animation studios. Specific animation software or techniques can be easily found on YouTube, with popular channels like Video Copilot, Mt. Mogragh, and Surfaced Studio.

Step 2: Acquire the Necessary Education

Pursue formal education in animation or a related field. Enroll in animation programs or courses that offer training in computer animation software, 3D modeling, and animation principles.

Do I need a degree to become a Computer Animator?

While having a degree in animation or a related field can be beneficial, it is not always a strict requirement to become a computer animator. Many animators have entered the industry without a formal degree but have built their skills through self-learning, workshops, online courses, or practical experience. What matters most is your artistic talent, technical proficiency, and the strength of your portfolio.

Why should I get a degree?

Some animation studios and companies may prefer candidates with formal education in animation or a related discipline, as it demonstrates a commitment to learning and a solid understanding of animation principles and software. Additionally, a degree program can provide valuable networking opportunities and access to industry professionals, which can be advantageous for career advancement.

Consider pursuing a degree in computer animation to gain comprehensive knowledge and specialized training in this dynamic field. Formal education in computer animation equips you with cutting-edge techniques, industry-standard software expertise, and a deeper understanding of animation principles.

During your degree in computer animation, you will have the opportunity to delve into various aspects of the craft, such as character design, 3D modeling, texturing, rigging, and animation principles like timing and movement. This education will not only refine your technical skills but also foster your ability to convey emotions and create compelling narratives through your animated characters and scenes.

Additionally, a degree in computer animation will expose you to collaborative projects, simulating real-world work environments, and teamwork scenarios common in the animation industry. It will also provide you with invaluable feedback from experienced instructors and peers, helping you to continually refine and push the boundaries of your creativity.

Furthermore, having a recognized degree in computer animation can significantly enhance your employability prospects. Whether you aspire to work in film, television, gaming, advertising, or any other animation-related industry, a degree will set you apart from the competition and open doors to a wide range of exciting opportunities.

Ultimately, whether or not to pursue a degree depends on your circumstances, career goals, and the resources available. A strong portfolio and practical experience can carry significant weight in the animation industry, allowing you to showcase your skills and land rewarding opportunities.

How long does it take and how much does it cost to get a degree in Computer Animation?

The time it takes to earn a degree in Computer Animation can vary depending on several factors, including the type of degree program and whether you are studying full-time or part-time. Here are the general timelines for different types of degree programs:

Associate’s Degree

  • Time: An associate’s degree in Computer Animation typically takes around 2 years to complete if you are enrolled full-time.
  • Cost: If you are considering an associate’s degree in Computer Animation, the average cost is $4,230.

Bachelor’s Degree

  • Time: A bachelor’s degree in Computer Animation usually takes about 4 years to complete as a full-time student. However, some accelerated programs or online options may allow you to finish in less time.
  • Cost: On average, tuition fees for a bachelor’s degree in Computer Animation can range from $10,000 to $40,000 per year at a four-year public university or private college. However, prestigious art schools or specialized animation programs may have higher tuition fees.

Master’s Degree

  • Time: If you pursue a master’s degree in Computer Animation, it can take an additional 1 to 2 years beyond the bachelor’s degree, depending on the program and whether you study full-time or part-time.
  • Cost: On average, the cost of a master’s degree in Computer Animation can range from $15,000 to $45,000 or more per year. Private universities or prestigious art schools might have higher tuition fees compared to public institutions. Additionally, some programs may offer financial aid or scholarships to offset the cost of tuition.

Keep in mind that these are general estimates, and the actual time it takes to earn a degree may vary based on the specific curriculum, any transfer credits you may have, and your pace of study. Additionally, some students may choose to take breaks or study part-time, which can extend the duration of the degree program. It’s essential to research and compare different schools and programs to find the one that aligns with your budget and career goals. You may also consider online or part-time programs, which could be more cost-effective alternatives, allowing you to work while pursuing your degree. Remember to factor in other expenses such as housing, textbooks, and materials when evaluating the overall cost of obtaining a master’s degree in Computer Animation.

Can I complete an online degree program in Computer Animation?

Yes, many reputable universities, art schools, and online platforms offer accredited programs and courses in Computer Animation that you can complete entirely online. Online education has become increasingly popular and accessible, especially in the fields of art and technology, including animation.

Through online education, you can learn essential animation principles, master industry-standard software, and develop your artistic skills from the comfort of your own home. Online programs often provide interactive learning resources, video tutorials, project assignments, and opportunities to receive feedback from instructors or peers.

While studying online, you can still build a strong portfolio showcasing your animation work, which is crucial for future job opportunities in the field. Online education allows for flexibility, enabling you to balance your studies with other commitments or work responsibilities.

Just ensure that you choose a reputable and accredited program that aligns with your career goals. Be proactive in seeking opportunities to gain practical experience and networking within the animation industry. With dedication and hard work, online education can be an excellent pathway to becoming a skilled and successful computer animator.

Step 3: Master Animation Software and Tools

Familiarize yourself with industry-standard animation software. Mastering animation software and tools is a journey of creativity and skill development. With dedication and practice, animators can unlock the full potential of these powerful tools to bring their imagination to life. Learning the ins and outs of animation software empowers artists to create captivating visuals, seamless movements, and lifelike characters.

It involves understanding various features, such as keyframing, timeline management, and layering, to craft dynamic and engaging animations. Through patience and experimentation, animators can achieve a level of proficiency that allows them to fully express their artistic vision and create captivating stories that resonate with audiences.

Mastering animation software opens doors to limitless possibilities, enabling animators to explore new worlds and share their narratives with the world. Practice using these tools to create various animations and projects to showcase your skills and acquire proficiency in animation software such as Autodesk Maya, Adobe After Effects, or Blender.

Consider Obtaining Relevant Certifications

Certifications can demonstrate your competency and enhance your employability. While certifications are not always mandatory for a career in computer animation, they can be valuable additions to a resume and can demonstrate a commitment to continuous learning and professional development.

Some of the certifications that computer animators may consider include:

Step 4: Build an Impressive Portfolio

Assemble a diverse and compelling portfolio that showcases your best work, as it serves as a powerful representation of your skills and creativity as an animator. A well-curated portfolio should encompass a wide range of animation projects, including character animations, motion graphics, visual effects, and any other specialized work you’ve undertaken. This diversity not only demonstrates your versatility as an animator but also allows potential employers to see how you can adapt your talents to different projects and styles.

In the world of computer animation, a strong portfolio is undoubtedly a key factor in landing job opportunities. Employers and clients often assess a candidate’s portfolio to gauge their proficiency and suitability for a specific role or project. By including high-quality, polished pieces in your portfolio, you can leave a lasting impression and increase your chances of securing job offers in this competitive field.

Step 5: Gain Practical Experience and Network

Seek internships, freelance projects, or entry-level positions in animation studios, game development companies, or film production houses. This hands-on experience will help you refine your skills and establish valuable connections in the animation industry. Continuously seek feedback and mentorship to improve your craft and stay up-to-date with the latest trends and techniques.

Internship opportunities for a Computer Animator

Internship opportunities for a Computer Animator can be found in various industries that utilize animation and visual effects. To find these internships, you can search on company websites, job boards, industry-specific platforms, and professional networking sites. Networking and connecting with professionals in the animation and special effects industry can also lead to internship opportunities through word-of-mouth or personal referrals.

Remember to prepare a strong portfolio showcasing your animation work, as it will greatly enhance your chances of landing an internship in the competitive field of special effects animation.

What is the Work-Life Balance of a Computer Animator?

The work-life balance of a computer animator can vary depending on several factors, including the specific industry, the type of projects they are working on, and the employer’s work culture.

Here are some key considerations regarding the work-life balance of a computer animator:

  • Flexible Hours: Some computer animators enjoy flexible work hours, especially in freelance or remote positions. They may have the freedom to set their own schedules, which can be beneficial for achieving a better work-life balance.
  • Project-based Work: Computer animators often work on a project-to-project basis, which means that their workload may fluctuate. During busy periods, they may need to put in longer hours to meet deadlines, but they might have more downtime between projects.
  • Crunch Times: In certain industries, such as film or video game production, there might be periods of intense work known as “crunch times.” During these times, computer animators may need to work longer hours to complete projects on schedule.
  • Remote Work Opportunities: With advancements in technology, many computer animators have the option to work remotely, providing greater flexibility in managing their time and work-life balance.
  • Creative Satisfaction: For many computer animators, their work is also their passion, allowing them to find fulfillment in their creative endeavors. This sense of satisfaction can positively impact their overall work-life balance.
  • Collaborative Environment: Computer animators often work as part of a creative team, fostering a collaborative work environment where they can share ideas and responsibilities, which can contribute to a healthier work-life balance.
  • Self-Employment: Some computer animators choose to work as freelancers or start their own animation studios. While this offers autonomy, it also requires effective time management skills to balance work demands and personal life.

Overall, the work-life balance of a computer animator can be influenced by the specific career path they choose, their work style, and their ability to manage their time effectively. As with any profession, maintaining a healthy work-life balance requires setting boundaries, managing workload, and prioritizing self-care to avoid burnout and enjoy a fulfilling career in animation.

What’s the Career Outlook for Computer Animators?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of special effects artists and animators is projected to grow 5 percent from 2021 to 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations. About 6,700 openings for special effects artists and animators are projected each year over the decade.

Computer Animator Popular Career Specialties

What are the Job Opportunities for Computer Animators?

Computer animators step into a world bursting with diverse and exciting job opportunities across multiple industries.

Some of the most common job opportunities for computer animators include:

  • Animator: With their artistic flair and technical wizardry, animators bring animated characters to life, weave mesmerizing visual effects, and transport audiences to breathtaking virtual realms. In the entertainment sector, animators infuse films, TV shows, and video games with enchanting magic.
  • Motion Graphics Designer: Motion graphics designers splash dynamic graphics across screens, captivating viewers with every frame including in TV shows, commercials, title sequences, and online content.
  • 3D Modeler: The three-dimensional world comes alive under the skillful hands of 3D modelers, who craft intricate characters and enchanting environments for immersive experiences often used in video games, films, and architectural visualizations.
  • Visual Effects Artist: Visual effects artists wield their animation prowess to conjure thrilling spectacles, transforming movie scenes, TV shows, and commercials into unforgettable visual feasts.
  • Character Designer: Character designers focus on creating unique and compelling characters for various media, including animation, games, and advertising.
  • Game Animator: Game animators are responsible for animating characters and objects within video games, making the gameplay more engaging and immersive.
  • Multimedia Artist: Multimedia artists work across different mediums, including animation, illustration, and interactive media, to create engaging and visually appealing content.
  • Virtual Reality (VR) Animator: VR animators create animated experiences for virtual reality platforms, allowing users to interact with and explore virtual worlds.
  • Architectural Animator: In the realms of architectural visualization, animators lead clients on awe-inspiring virtual tours through their future buildings.
  • Educational Content Developer: Educational content developers blend learning with animation, creating interactive experiences that spark curiosity and ignite minds through e-learning platforms and educational software.

Embracing technology’s ever-evolving embrace, computer animators unleash their creativity in the virtual reality space, molding mesmerizing worlds where users immerse themselves in unparalleled adventures. The canvas of possibilities for computer animators stretches far and wide, their talent sought after in various industries, each presenting unique challenges and boundless opportunities to turn dreams into reality.

Who Hires Computer Animators?

  • Animation Studios: Animation studios are dedicated companies that specialize in producing animated films, TV shows, commercials, and other animated content. Examples include Pixar, Walt Disney Animation Studios, DreamWorks Animation, and Illumination Entertainment.
  • Visual Effects (VFX) Studios: VFX studios create computer-generated effects for films, TV shows, and commercials. They hire animators to work on complex visual effects and integration of CGI elements into live-action footage.
  • Video Game Development Studios: Video game companies hire animators to create character animations, environmental animations, and various interactive elements for video games.
  • Advertising Agencies: Advertising agencies often require animated content for commercials and promotional campaigns. Animators are hired to work on animated ads for TV, online platforms, and social media.
  • Film and Television Production Companies: Apart from animation studios, regular film and TV production companies may also require computer animators for special effects, opening sequences, and other animated elements in their projects.
  • Gaming Industry: Besides game development studios, other gaming-related companies, such as mobile game developers or companies producing interactive content, may hire animators.
  • Web and Multimedia Development Companies: Companies involved in web design, multimedia presentations, and interactive media may hire animators to enhance their projects.
  • Freelancing and Self-Employment: Many computer animators work as freelancers and offer their services to various clients and projects independently.

Should I become a Computer Animator?

Deciding whether to become a computer animator depends on your passion for animation, creativity, and technical skills. If you have a love for bringing characters and stories to life through visuals, and you enjoy using animation software and artistic tools, then a career as a computer animator might be a fulfilling choice for you.

Consider your dedication to continuous learning and adaptability to new technologies, as well as the potential challenges of meeting deadlines and working on project-based schedules. Research animation programs and job opportunities, and don’t forget to build a strong portfolio to showcase your talent. Ultimately, if your heart is set on exploring the world of animation and you’re willing to put in the effort, becoming a computer animator can lead to a dynamic and rewarding career.

Careers Related to Computer Animator

Andrea Delgado

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