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How to Become a Chemist

By Ibrahim Okunade


Curious about a career in chemistry? Discover the ins and outs of becoming a chemist in this article. From solving real-world challenges to driving scientific breakthroughs, this article delves into the journey of becoming a chemist, offering insights into chemist education requirements, careers in chemistry, and the thrilling adventures that await chemists in the realm of molecules and reactions.

Career Summary

Chemist Salary

Chemist Salary

If you’re wondering how well you can live off a chemist salary, your answer is right here.

As reported by Glassdoor, the salary breakdown is as follows:

  • Entry Salary (US$52k)
  • Median Salary (US$64k)
  • Executive Salary (US$78k)

Compared to the general average income of U.S. citizens, a chemist’s salary can be considered mid-range. There is the possibility of earning considerably higher depending on the industry and bonuses associated with your role.

What does a Chemist do?

Chemists are scientists who study the properties and behavior of matter, exploring the composition and structure of substances at the molecular and atomic levels. They conduct experiments and research to understand the interactions and transformations of various chemicals. Chemists play a pivotal role in fields such as pharmaceuticals, materials science, environmental protection, and more, contributing to the development of new products, processes, and technologies.

Chemist Career Progression

Career progression for chemists typically starts with an entry-level position and can advance as follows:

  • Entry-Level Chemist: As a recent graduate, you may begin as a laboratory technician, research assistant, or quality control analyst, conducting routine experiments and data collection.
  • Junior Chemist: After gaining experience, you can advance to a junior chemist role, taking on more responsibilities, including experimental design and analysis.
  • Chemist: As a chemist, you’ll work on independent research projects, product development, or quality control with a higher level of expertise and responsibility.
  • Senior Chemist: With several years of experience, you may become a senior chemist, where you lead projects, mentor junior staff, and play a more critical role in decision-making.
  • Project Leader or Team Lead: In this role, you lead research teams, manage projects, and may have budget and strategy responsibilities.
  • Consultant or Independent Researcher: Some chemists choose to work independently as consultants or pursue entrepreneurial endeavours, offering expertise to various clients or starting their own ventures.
Chemist Career Progression

Pros and Cons of Working as a Chemist


  • The opportunity to make significant contributions to scientific knowledge.
  • A wide range of job options in various industries and research areas.
  • The chance to create and develop new products, materials, and technologies.
  • Chemists can earn competitive compensation, especially with advanced degrees and experience.


  • Demanding research or project timelines can lead to extended work hours.
  • There is the risk of exposure to hazardous chemicals, requiring strict safety precautions.
  • Routine experiments and data analysis can become monotonous.
  • Some projects may involve ethical considerations, such as environmental impact or pharmaceutical development.

Useful Skills to Have as a Chemist

  • Laboratory Techniques
  • Maths and Analytical Skills
  • Problem-solving and Critical Thinking
  • Data Analysis
  • Safety Awareness
  • Research Skills

Popular Chemist Specialties

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Industrial Chemistry

How to become a Chemist

Chemist 4 Steps to Career

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

Obtaining a bachelor’s degree in chemistry or a related field is a fundamental step toward a career in chemistry. While a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Chemistry is the most common and direct route, there are other related disciplines that can also lead to rewarding careers in the field of chemistry.

For example, a degree in chemical engineering equips students with a strong foundation in chemical principles and processes, making it a valuable pathway for those interested in both the engineering and chemical aspects of the field. Similarly, degrees in biochemistry, environmental science, or materials science can provide the necessary knowledge and skills for specialized areas within chemistry.

The choice of degree should align with your specific interests and career goals within the diverse and dynamic field of chemistry.

Do I Need a Degree to Become a Chemist?

Yes, you typically need a degree to become a chemist. A bachelor’s degree in chemistry is the most basic of all chemist education requirements. This qualification is essential as it provides you with a strong foundation in the principles and practices of chemistry.

Here are some key benefits of earning a bachelor’s degree in chemistry:

  • Fundamental Knowledge: A bachelor’s degree equips you with a deep understanding of chemical concepts, reactions, and laboratory techniques, which are essential for success as a chemist.
  • Critical Thinking Skills: You develop critical thinking and problem-solving abilities, which are crucial in the field of chemistry when tackling complex scientific challenges.
  • Laboratory Experience: You can’t be a chemist without ample laboratory experience. Bachelor’s programs typically include hands-on laboratory work, giving you practical experience in conducting experiments and analyzing data.
  • Professional Network: College and university programs often provide opportunities to build a professional network by connecting with professors, peers, and industry professionals. The quality of your network could influence the types of opportunities you get as a career chemist.

While a bachelor’s degree is the first step, some specialized roles in chemistry, particularly in research or academia, may require advanced degrees. However, a bachelor’s degree sets you on the path to becoming a successful and knowledgeable chemist, and it opens doors to a wide array of career opportunities in the field.

How Long Does it Take to Get a Degree in Chemistry?

A bachelor’s degree in chemistry typically takes four years to complete. However, some students may take longer to complete their degree, depending on their academic load, extracurricular activities, and other factors.

If you are interested in pursuing a career in research, you will need to earn a master’s degree or Ph.D. in chemistry.

Here is a summary of how long it takes to get a degree in chemistry:

  • Bachelor’s Degree: 4 years
  • Master’s Degree: 2 years (in addition to a bachelor’s degree)
  • Ph.D.: 4-8 years (in addition to a bachelor’s degree)

It is important to note that these are just general timelines. The actual amount of time it takes to get a degree in chemistry can vary depending on the individual student and the specific program they are enrolled in.

How Much Does it Cost to Get a Degree in Chemistry?

The cost of getting a degree in chemistry varies depending on the type of school you attend, whether you are an in-state or out-of-state student, and your financial aid package. However, according to College Tuition Compare, the average tuition and fees for a bachelor’s degree in chemistry at a public four-year university in the United States is $10,118 for in-state students and $32,521 for out-of-state students.

Graduate programs fall within a similar range. For in-state students, the average cost is approximately $11,962, while out-of-state students typically pay a higher tuition of around $27,997. These figures represent the cost of tuition and fees for graduate-level programs in chemistry and do not include additional expenses such as living costs, textbooks, or other educational materials.

While the cost may seem daunting, chemistry students have access to scholarships and financial aid. As a STEM field, scholarships and grants are often available for students pursuing degrees in chemistry. Explore these scholarship options to offset a significant portion of your educational expenses.

Can I Become a Chemist Through Online Education?

Yes, you can become a chemist through online education. There are a number of accredited universities that offer online bachelor’s degrees in chemistry. However, it is important to note that not all online chemistry programs are created equal. Some programs may not provide the same level of education and training as traditional on-campus programs.

What are Some Web Resources to Learn Skills to Become a Better Chemist?

If you’re looking to access even more resources online to further enhance your chemistry knowledge and skills, you can explore a wealth of additional web resources.

Here are some top options for you:

  • American Chemical Society (ACS): The official website of ACS provides a wealth of resources, including journals, articles, and educational materials, making it an essential hub for chemists.
  • ChemSpider: ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database that contains information on over 100 million chemical compounds. The database can be used to search for information on specific compounds or to explore the properties and structures of different chemicals.
  • PubChem: PubChem is an open chemistry database maintained by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). It was established to make chemical data freely available to the scientific community and the general public.
  • ChemCollective: This resource offers virtual labs and simulations, allowing you to perform chemistry experiments online.
  • Chemguide: Chemguide is a comprehensive online resource that provides educational materials and tutorials on various topics in chemistry. It is designed to help students, educators, and anyone interested in chemistry understand key concepts and principles in the field.

Step 2: Gain Practical Experience

The lab experiments during your undergraduate studies will certainly provide you with a foundational understanding of handling chemicals and conducting experiments. However, to become a proficient chemist, it’s essential to expand your practical experience. Consider pursuing internships, co-op programs, or research assistant roles in a laboratory or industrial setting.

These opportunities will expose you to real-world applications of chemistry, help you develop advanced laboratory techniques, and give you a chance to work alongside experienced professionals in the field. Practical experience is invaluable in building your skills and knowledge as a chemist and can open doors to future career opportunities.

What Are Internship Opportunities for a Chemist?

Here are some common internship opportunities for chemists:

  • Research and Development Internship: Work in a research laboratory, either in academia or in the industry, where you can assist with experiments, data analysis, and the development of new chemical processes or products.
  • Pharmaceutical Internship: Gain experience in pharmaceutical companies by working on drug development, formulation, quality control, and regulatory compliance.
  • Environmental Chemistry Internship: Intern with environmental agencies, consultancies, or research organizations to study and address issues related to environmental chemistry, pollution, and remediation.
  • Analytical Chemistry Internship: Work in laboratories that specialize in analytical chemistry, conducting tests, calibrating instruments, and analyzing data to support research or quality assurance.
  • Materials Science Internship: Intern in industries that focus on materials science to gain experience in developing and testing new materials, such as polymers, ceramics, or nanomaterials.
  • Chemical Engineering Internship: Collaborate with chemical engineers to gain insight into process development, optimization, and design, often in chemical manufacturing plants.
  • Government and Regulatory Internship: Intern with government agencies or organizations involved in chemical regulations, safety standards, and compliance, such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  • Biotechnology Internship: Gain experience in biotechnology companies working on areas like genetic engineering, bioprocessing, or biopharmaceutical development.

What Skills Will I Learn as a Chemist?

Throughout their learning phase, chemists develop a wide range of skills that are essential for their work in the field.

These skills include:

  • Laboratory Skills: You will become proficient in performing chemical experiments, including measuring, mixing, and handling chemicals safely.
  • Analytical Skills: You’ll learn to analyze data and draw conclusions from experimental results, often using various analytical instruments and techniques.
  • Critical Thinking: You’ll develop the ability to assess information, design experiments, and make decisions based on evidence and reasoning.
  • Mathematical Skills: Mathematical concepts and calculations, such as stoichiometry and data analysis, are essential in chemistry.
  • Computer Skills: You’ll use software for data analysis, simulations, and modeling, as well as for recording and documenting research.
  • Research Skills: You’ll learn how to design, plan, and conduct experiments, as well as to review and stay updated on scientific literature.
  • Safety Awareness: Safety protocols and the safe handling of chemicals are critical skills to prevent accidents in the laboratory.
  • Ethical and Professional Conduct: Understanding and adhering to ethical guidelines is fundamental in conducting responsible and transparent research.

Step 3: Earn Your Licences and Certifications

Depending on your location and specific career path, you may need professional licensure or certification. This is more common in areas like environmental chemistry or chemical engineering, where the work can directly impact public health and safety or involve regulatory compliance.

Licensure requirements vary by country and state, so it’s crucial to research and understand the specific requirements in your area if your chosen career path necessitates licensure.

In many cases, obtaining a professional license may involve passing exams, meeting educational and experience prerequisites, and adhering to ethical and safety standards set by professional organizations and government agencies. Having the appropriate licensure can enhance your credibility and career prospects in these specialized areas of chemistry.

Step 4: Advanced Education (Optional)

Consider pursuing a master’s or Ph.D. in chemistry or a related field if you want to work in research, academia, or specialized areas of chemistry. Advanced degrees can open up more career opportunities by providing in-depth knowledge and expertise in your chosen field of study.

A master’s degree typically allows for more specialized roles and increased earning potential, while a Ph.D. is essential for those aiming to lead research projects, become professors, or work in highly specialized areas of chemistry.

These advanced degrees also foster critical thinking, problem-solving, and research skills, which are invaluable in pushing the boundaries of scientific knowledge and innovation. Moreover, they can lead to leadership positions and contribute to advancements in the field of chemistry. However, it’s important to carefully consider your career goals and the specific requirements of your chosen subfield when deciding whether to pursue advanced degrees.

What’s the Career Outlook for Chemists?

The career outlook for chemists is good. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that employment of chemists and materials scientists will grow 6% from 2022 to 2032, faster than the average for all occupations.

Chemists are in high demand due to their critical role in driving scientific and technological advancements. For example, the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries are experiencing substantial growth. As a result, chemists are needed to contribute to drug discovery and development, particularly in areas like personalized medicine and biopharmaceuticals. Also, industries, particularly in food and environmental safety, rely on chemists to navigate complex regulatory compliance and ensure the quality and safety of their products.

Chemist Popular Career Specialties

What are the Various Careers in Chemistry?

There are several careers in chemistry, meaning chemists are spoilt for options.

Here are some common careers in chemistry for chemists to explore:

  • Analytical Chemist: Specializes in analyzing and testing substances to determine their chemical composition and properties.
  • Research Chemist: Conducts research to develop new products, processes, or materials, often in industries like pharmaceuticals or materials science.
  • Quality Control Chemist: Ensures that products meet quality standards and regulatory requirements through testing and analysis.
  • Environmental Chemist: Focuses on studying and managing environmental issues, such as pollution, climate change, and conservation.
  • Organic Chemist: Specializes in the study of organic compounds, often working in pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, or food and beverage industries.
  • Inorganic Chemist: Studies inorganic compounds and materials, often working in materials science, metallurgy, or industrial chemistry.
  • Physical Chemist: Investigates the physical and chemical properties of substances, including thermodynamics and kinetics.
  • Biochemist: Examines the chemical processes and compounds in living organisms, with applications in healthcare, biotechnology, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Pharmaceutical Chemist: Works in the development and production of pharmaceutical drugs and medicines.
  • Process Chemist: Optimizes chemical processes in manufacturing and production industries to improve efficiency and reduce costs.
  • Forensic Chemist: Applies chemical analysis to assist in criminal investigations and forensic science.
  • Food Chemist: Works in the food and beverage industry to develop and analyze food products for safety and quality.
  • Materials Scientist: Investigates the properties and applications of various materials, such as polymers, ceramics, and nanomaterials.

What Type of Organizations Hire Chemists?

Chemists are in constant demand across a wide range of organizations in both the public and private sectors.

Here are the types of organizations that frequently hire chemists:

  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Chemical Manufacturers
  • Environmental Agencies
  • Research and Development (R&D) Labs
  • Universities and Educational Institutions
  • Food and Beverage Industry
  • Biotechnology Companies
  • Petroleum and Energy Companies
  • Materials Science and Engineering Firms
  • Forensic Labs
  • Consulting Firms
  • Cosmetic and Personal Care Industry
  • Agricultural and Agrochemical Companies
  • Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants
  • Defense and National Security Agencie

What is the Work-Life Balance of a Chemist?

The work-life balance of a chemist can vary depending on their specific job, industry, and personal preferences, but many chemists typically enjoy a reasonable work-life balance with regular working hours and opportunities for flexibility, especially in research and development roles.

Occasionally, chemists may face demanding research projects, long hours in the laboratory, and strict deadlines. However, with effective time management and strategies, it’s possible to achieve a healthy work-life balance.

Should I become a Chemist?

Deciding whether to become a chemist is a significant choice that should be made thoughtfully and based on several key considerations. As you contemplate this decision, reflecting on the key points discussed in this article is crucial. Assess the chemist education requirements explained above to understand whether you are willing to commit to the necessary educational path.

First and foremost, consider your personal interests and skills. Do you have a genuine passion for chemistry? Are you excited by the idea of solving scientific puzzles, exploring the mysteries of matter, and making real-world impacts through your work? Assess whether the skills and attributes of a chemist align with your own strengths and aspirations.

In addition, you should weigh your long-term goals. What are you looking to achieve in your career? Are you interested in research, academia, industry, or a specific field within chemistry, such as environmental chemistry or pharmaceuticals? Think about the educational path and job opportunities that best suit your objectives.

Careers Related to Chemist

Ibrahim Okunade

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