Looking for the perfect job?
Explore our Career Guides!

Read More

How to Become a Carpenter

By Ajoke Aminu


Are you looking for a new career path that allows you to get creative and build with your hands? Our complete online guide will help you unlock the exciting world of carpentry. It’s an in-depth exploration into everything related to succeeding as a carpenter—including carpenter apprenticeship opportunities, mastering the craft, understanding client expectations, and more.

Career Summary

Carpenter Salary Range

Carpenter Salary

The average salary of a carpenter in the United States is $47,288 per year.

  • Entry Salary (US$43k)
  • Median Salary (US$50k)
  • Executive Salary (US$65k)

In 2020, the average annual wage for those working in the U.S. was close to US$69,000 meaning that a Carpenter’s wage is generally lower than the national average.

What is a Carpenter?

Meet the unsung heroes of the construction field – the carpenters. Carpenters are experts at working with wood and constructing various structures, ranging from simple shelves to grandiose homes. They measure, cut, and join pieces of wood together using a variety of tools, including hammers, saws, and drills.

A carpenter is someone who creates and repairs wooden products, including items like furniture, buildings, and more. These craftspeople are masters of their trade and take pride in their work, ensuring that their creations not only look beautiful but also withstand the test of time.

Carpentry Career Progression

Carpentry is a time-honored craft that involves creating beautiful, functional structures and furniture using wood and other materials. It offers a clear career progression path for individuals looking to advance in the field.

Here are the typical stages of carpentry career progression:

  • Carpentry Apprenticeship: Aspiring carpenters start their journey as apprentices. They receive on-the-job training and learn fundamental carpentry skills under the guidance of experienced professionals. This stage typically involves learning safety protocols, basic carpentry techniques, and becoming familiar with tools and materials.
  • Journeyman: After completing an apprenticeship program or gaining a certain level of experience and skills, carpenters become journeyman carpenters. At this stage, they can work independently and handle a range of carpentry tasks. Journeyman carpenters continue to refine their skills and gain more experience in various aspects of carpentry work.
  • Specialization: As carpenters gain experience and expertise, they may choose to specialize in a specific area of carpentry. This could involve focusing on finish carpentry, cabinetmaking, furniture making, restoration carpentry, or other specialized fields within the broader carpentry profession. Specialization allows carpenters to develop advanced skills and knowledge in their chosen area.
  • Lead Carpenter/Foreman: With sufficient experience and leadership skills, carpenters can progress to the role of a lead carpenter or foreman. In this position, they oversee and manage a team of carpenters on construction sites or projects. They are responsible for coordinating work, ensuring quality standards, and handling project management aspects.
  • Contractor/Business Owner: Experienced carpenters may decide to become self-employed contractors or start their own carpentry businesses. By taking on independent projects, managing client relationships, and overseeing operations, they have the opportunity to build a successful business and potentially hire and mentor other carpenters.


  • Flexibility: You have more authority and can take on projects of differing scales, allowing you to take on work as it comes.
  • Variety: Working with different materials and tools can keep things interesting and allow for a range of skills to be developed.
  • Handyman skills: You are at an advantage to gain skills that can come in handy even in your home.
  • Low educational prerequisites: Unlike many career paths, this is a skilled trade that barely requires any degree(s). It’s entirely up to you or your commitments to decide if you want to pursue one.
  • High-income: Carpentry offers competitive salaries for a career that doesn’t require an exceptional level of education. All the better for you if you belong to a carpenter’s union.


  • The physical demands: Working with heavy tools and materials can take its toll on the back, arms, and legs.
  • Physical risk: Carpenters often work in dangerous environments that require a heightened awareness of safety measures. 
  • Job uncertainty: There is no guarantee of continued employment.

Useful Skills to Have as a Carpenter

As an aspiring carpenter, you may be wondering what skills you need to make it in this field.

While there are many important abilities for a carpenter to possess, these stand out above the rest:

  • Knowledge of different types of wood.
  • Blueprint reading/interpretation, accurate measurement and mathematical skills.
  • Proficiency in using hand and power tools.
  • Understanding of building codes and regulations.
  • Problem-solving, critical thinking, attention to detail and precision.

Popular Carpentry Specialties

If you’re looking to become a carpenter or want to improve your carpentry skills, mastering one or more of these specialties is definitely something to consider:

  • Finish Carpentry: Finish carpenters focus on the final touches and details of a construction project. They specialize in installing trim, molding, doors, windows, and other decorative elements that enhance the aesthetics and functionality of a space.
  • Cabinetmaking: Cabinetmakers specialize in designing, constructing, and installing custom cabinets and storage units. They work with a variety of materials, including wood, laminate, and engineered products, to create functional and visually appealing storage solutions.
  • Furniture Making: Furniture makers craft unique and high-quality furniture pieces, such as tables, chairs, beds, and cabinets. They may work with various types of wood and employ different joinery techniques to create custom furniture with attention to detail.
  • Rough Carpentry: Rough carpenters focus on the structural aspects of a construction project. They specialize in tasks such as framing, roofing, formwork, and installing structural components. Rough carpentry provides the foundation for the overall construction of a building.
  • Green Carpentry: Green carpenters incorporate sustainable practices and materials into their work. They focus on environmentally friendly construction methods, energy efficiency, and using renewable resources. Green carpenters contribute to sustainable building practices and the reduction of environmental impact.

How to become a Carpenter

Becoming a carpenter is a fulfilling and lucrative career that rewards dedication and creativity, considering that carpentry has existed for centuries, and yet it still remains a relevant and highly sought-after profession. Contrary to popular belief, carpentry isn’t just all woodwork– this esteemed career encompasses a wealth of practical skills, including measuring and cutting materials, framing and finishing techniques, and even some basic plumbing and electrical work. Therefore, you mustn’t miss any steps as you delve deeper into this article to understand this exceptional career.

Get a High School Diploma or Equivalent

Considering how much detailed knowledge is required to excel in this field, it’s not surprising to wonder about the role education plays here. Well, we have the answer to every question centered around the importance of education in the carpentry business.

Do I need a degree to become a Carpenter?

No, you do not need a degree to become a carpenter. Carpentry is a skilled trade that often relies on hands-on experience and carpenter apprenticeships rather than formal education. While having a degree in carpentry or a related field can provide you with a solid foundation, it is not a mandatory requirement for entering the profession. Many carpenters learn their craft through vocational training programs, apprenticeship programs, or on-the-job training, which is typically enough.

Is a Carpentry Degree Worth Acquiring?

Although it is not compulsory, education can be a key piece that completes the puzzle, including getting a carpentry degree. With a solid education, you can learn the ins and outs of the trade, from reading blueprints to managing job sites. Not to mention, a degree in carpentry demonstrates a level of commitment to the craft that can make you stand out in a field of applicants.

How long does it take to get a Carpentry Degree?

Knowing that a carpentry degree can make you appear unique, it’s perfectly normal to want one. However, the duration of obtaining a carpentry degree can vary depending on several factors, including the type of program and the level of education pursued.

Here are some common paths and their estimated timeframes:

  • Associate’s Degree: An associate’s degree typically takes around two years of full-time study to complete. This program provides a comprehensive foundation in carpentry skills, construction techniques, and related subjects.
  • Bachelor’s Degree: Pursuing a bachelor’s degree may take approximately four years of full-time study. These programs often offer a more in-depth exploration of carpentry concepts, project management, sustainable building practices, and other specialized areas.
  • Certificate or Diploma Programs: Some institutions offer shorter certificate or diploma programs, which can range from a few months to a year. These programs are more focused on practical skills and may be suitable for individuals who want to enter the workforce quickly or enhance their existing carpentry knowledge.

While you’re still here, note that part-time study options are also available, which may extend the overall duration.

Understanding the Costs of Studying Carpentry

Studying carpentry is a personal journey, hence it varies significantly, depending on several factors, including the country, the specific university or college, the type of program (associate’s, bachelor’s, certificate), and whether you are an in-state or out-of-state student.

Here are some general considerations:

  • Tuition Fees: Tuition fees vary widely between universities and programs. In-state students often pay lower tuition fees compared to out-of-state or international students. On average, tuition can cost $750-$6,500 for a carpentry vocational training, while associate’s degree range from $4,000-$20,000 per year.
  • Additional Expenses: In addition to tuition, you should also consider other expenses such as textbooks, supplies, tools, safety equipment, and any special clothing or uniforms required for practical coursework. These costs can vary depending on the program and specific requirements.
  • Financial Aid and Scholarships: Financial aid options, including grants, loans, and scholarships can help offset the cost of studying carpentry. Many universities offer scholarships specifically for students pursuing vocational or technical programs. Additionally, external organizations, trade associations, or industry-specific foundations may provide financial assistance to aspiring carpentry students.
  • Location and Living Expenses: The cost of living can vary depending on the location of the university or college. If you need to relocate or live on campus, you should consider expenses such as housing, meals, transportation, and personal expenses.

More importantly, it is essential to research and gather specific information from the universities or colleges you are interested in, as they will provide accurate and up-to-date information regarding tuition fees and any financial aid opportunities available. If you are feeling confused about the program to pursue, these top 19 institutions to study carpentry is a great starting point. Additionally, you may also want to explore alternative options such as community colleges or trade schools, which often offer more affordable tuition rates for vocational programs like carpentry.

Gain Practical Experience

Building your dreams as a carpenter requires practical experience. Whether you’re starting out as a novice or pounding nails as a seasoned professional, practice is the foundation to a rewarding career as a carpenter. This is where carpentry apprenticeship comes in, so let’s hammer out the available opportunities to you and the skills to leverage.

Where to find Carpentry Apprenticeship Opportunities

Carpentry apprenticeship opportunities offer valuable hands-on training and experience for individuals aspiring to become carpenters. These programs typically combine on-the-job training with classroom instruction.

Here are some common carpentry apprenticeship opportunities:

  • Union Apprenticeships: Trade unions, such as the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, often offer formal carpentry apprenticeship programs. These programs typically last around 3-4 years and involve a combination of practical training, classroom instruction, and mentorship by experienced carpenters.
  • Non-Union Apprenticeships: Non-union carpentry contractors, construction firms, or trade organizations may also offer apprenticeship programs. These programs follow a similar structure to union carpentry apprenticeships, providing hands-on experience, classroom learning, and guidance from experienced professionals.
  • Government-Sponsored Programs: Government agencies, such as state or provincial apprenticeship boards, may administer carpentry apprenticeship programs. These programs provide structured training and certification, ensuring that apprentices meet industry standards.

These organizations can provide information on available programs, application processes, and eligibility criteria. Additionally, networking with experienced carpenters and professionals in the industry can also help uncover potential apprenticeship opportunities. Overall, knowing how to find internship opportunities is the best thing you can do for yourself.

Excel in the Role by Getting Additional Education

Becoming a seasoned carpenter can take years of hard work, dedication, and experience, but there’s no denying that education can help you excel in your craft. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or just starting out, there are numerous ways you can add to your carpentry toolbox, and gain a competitive edge.

From taking online courses to learning about new materials and tools, there are plenty of opportunities to expand your knowledge and take your carpentry skills to the next level. So, why not use your downtime to invest in your future and explore some new learning opportunities.

What is the Relevance of Online Education in Carpentry?

Let’s face it – carpentry isn’t exactly a field that one might associate with online education. Makes you wonder, how relevant is online education in the world of carpentry? Surprisingly, it’s quite relevant! While the traditional carpentry apprenticeship is still widely prevalent, the internet has opened up exciting opportunities– whether you are an aspiring carpenter or already practicing in the field, online courses provide you with the means to sharpen your craft at your own convenience.

Here are some considerations:

  • Theoretical Knowledge: Online education can offer courses or programs that cover the theoretical aspects of carpentry, such as construction principles, building codes, safety regulations, and blueprint reading. These courses can provide a solid foundation of knowledge to complement practical training.
  • Basic Skills and Techniques: Some online platforms or vocational schools offer virtual carpentry courses that teach basic skills and techniques, such as tool handling, measuring, cutting, and joinery. While these courses may not provide the same hands-on experience as in-person training, they can help familiarize you with fundamental concepts.
  • Supplemental Learning: Online resources, video tutorials, and instructional materials can be used to supplement your carpentry education. These can be valuable for understanding specific techniques, exploring different carpentry projects, or gaining insights from experienced carpenters.
  • Hybrid Programs: Some educational institutions offer hybrid programs that combine online coursework with hands-on training, such as Laurel Ridge Workforce Solutions. These programs typically involve a mix of online theory classes and in-person workshops or practical sessions to provide a more comprehensive learning experience.

What are some Web Resources to Learn Skills to become a Carpenter?

To master the art of carpentry, it is important to have access to reliable web resources that can guide and support your learning. Whether you prefer immersive video tutorials, step-by-step guides, or lively forums with fellow carpenters, there are resources to match every learning style. Some notable ones include live video channels such as This Old House, The Wood Whisperer, and Carpentry Tips and Tricks. These channels offer instructional videos, project demonstrations, tool reviews, and valuable tips from experienced carpenters.

Furthermore, you can engage with carpentry communities through online forums and blogs like Woodworking TalkCarpentry Pro Framer, r/Carpentry, and The Family Handyman.

What are the most crucial Carpentry Skills to Hone in 2023?

Here are some essential skills you must have as a carpenter:

  • Measurement and Calculation: Carpentry requires precise measurement and calculation skills to ensure accurate cuts, dimensions, and fitting of materials. You will learn to work with various measuring tools and techniques to achieve precise results.
  • Cutting and Shaping Materials: Carpenters develop proficiency in using a variety of cutting tools, such as saws, chisels, and routers, to shape and trim different types of materials, including wood, laminate, and composite materials.
  • Joinery and Assembly: Learning different joinery techniques, such as mortise and tenon, dovetail, and dado, allows carpenters to securely connect and assemble various components to construct sturdy and durable structures.
  • Blueprint Reading and Interpretation: Understanding architectural blueprints and construction drawings is crucial for carpenters. You will learn to interpret these documents, identify measurements, symbols, and specifications, and translate them into the actual construction process.
  • Framing and Structural Work: Carpenters develop skills in framing and structural work, which involve building the foundational framework and supporting structures of buildings, including walls, floors, roofs, and partitions.
  • Finishing and Trim Work: The ability to perform finishing and trim work is a valuable skill for carpenters. This includes installing moldings, baseboards, trim, and other decorative elements to enhance the aesthetic appeal and functionality of a space.
  • Safety and Tool Handling: Carpentry education emphasizes safety protocols and proper tool handling techniques to ensure a safe working environment. You will learn about personal protective equipment, safe work practices, and the correct use and maintenance of carpentry tools and equipment.
  • Problem Solving and Adaptability: Carpentry requires problem-solving skills to overcome challenges and adapt to unique construction situations. You will learn to troubleshoot issues, make adjustments, and find practical solutions during the construction process.
  • Communication and Collaboration: Effective communication and collaboration are essential skills for carpenters. You will learn to communicate with clients, architects, and other tradespeople to understand project requirements, coordinate tasks, and work harmoniously on construction sites.
  • Basic Knowledge of Plumbing and Electrical Work: While not the primary focus, carpenters often acquire basic knowledge of plumbing and electrical work, enabling them to collaborate effectively with other professionals on construction projects.

Do Carpenters have a Work-Life Balance?

Yes, they do. As a carpenter, there’s always work to be done from full-time hours comprising early mornings, late evenings, and occasional weekends. The specific schedule can vary depending on project deadlines, client needs, and industry demands. Some carpenters may have more flexibility in setting their work hours, especially if they are self-employed, have a team, or working on smaller projects.

Nevertheless, balancing your work and personal life is key to maintaining good mental health. You can’t put a price on your physical and emotional well-being, and as such, finding ways to relax and recharge is essential.

For instance, the workload for carpenters can fluctuate throughout the year, depending on the season and local construction demand. Spring and summer tend to be busier seasons, while winter months may be slower due to weather conditions. Managing finances and time during seasonal fluctuations is an important consideration for carpenters. For the most part, implementing tips for improving work-life balance if you struggle to will help you in the long run.

What’s the Career Outlook for Carpenter?

Not only is the need for skilled carpenters on the rise, but the pay can also be quite lucrative. The employment outlook for carpenters estimates a growth rate of 2% from 2021 to 2031, which is slower than the average for all occupations. Regardless, over the next decade, carpenters should get ready for about 91,200 job openings per annum, on average, according to the BLS report. It is also worth noting that carpentry is a skilled trade that offers stable employment opportunities, as there will always be a demand for carpenters in construction, renovation, and related industries.

Different Types of Carpentry Work & Their Job Opportunities

In today’s fast-paced world, carpentry has modernized and diversified to become an ever-growing profession, offering several job opportunities to those who are looking to pursue it. From traditional woodworking and cabinetry, carpentry now includes specialized fields such as framing, roofing, and finishing.

Along with these, carpenters are also in demand for:

  • Construction Companies: Many carpenters find employment with construction companies that specialize in residential, commercial, or industrial projects. They work on tasks such as framing, roofing, flooring, and finishing, contributing to the construction of new buildings.
  • General Contracting: Carpenters can work as part of a general contracting team, where they contribute their carpentry skills to various construction projects. They collaborate with other tradespeople and oversee the execution of carpentry tasks on-site.
  • Self-Employment: Some carpenters choose to work as independent contractors and establish their own carpentry businesses. This allows them to take on a variety of projects, work directly with clients, and have more control over their schedules and earnings.
  • Renovation and Remodeling: Carpenters specializing in renovation and remodeling find opportunities in restoring and updating existing structures. They may work on home renovations, kitchen remodels, bathroom upgrades, and other projects that involve modifying or enhancing existing spaces.
  • Specialized Carpentry: Certain carpenters specialize in niche areas such as cabinetry, furniture making, custom millwork, or set design for theaters and film production. These specialized roles often require advanced skills and expertise in specific woodworking techniques.
  • Maintenance and Repair: Carpenters may find employment in maintenance and repair roles, working for property management companies, educational institutions, healthcare facilities, or other organizations. They handle tasks such as repairing doors, windows, cabinets, or performing general maintenance work.
  • Custom Woodworking Shops: Some carpenters work in custom woodworking shops, crafting custom furniture, cabinets, and other wood-based products. They collaborate with clients, architects, and interior designers to create unique, high-quality pieces tailored to specific requirements.

Additionally, carpenters may explore entrepreneurial ventures, teaching carpentry skills through educational institutions, or working on heritage restoration projects. The versatility of carpentry skills opens up various possibilities for employment and career development, allowing carpenters to find rewarding and fulfilling opportunities in their chosen fields.

9 Types of Companies that Hire Carpenters

From construction to interior design to theatre set production, companies of all shapes and sizes require the expertise of a skilled carpenter

  • Construction Companies
  • General Contractors
  • Home Builders and Remodeling Companies
  • Cabinet and Furniture Manufacturers
  • Maintenance and Facility Management Companies
  • Specialty Woodworking Shops
  • Film and Theater Production Companies
  • Government Agencies and Public Works Departments
  • Self-Employed Contractors and Entrepreneurs

Should I become a Carpenter?

Deciding on a career path can be a daunting task. Should you follow your passion? Or opt for more practicality? In the case of carpentry, the answer might not be as simple. After reading this guide, you’ll realize there are several key points to consider. From the physical challenges of working with wood to the demand for skilled workers to varying salary potential, it’s important to weigh all the aspects carefully.

Combine these factors with your own interests, skills, and long-term goals, and you might just be amazed at where a career in carpentry could take you. So don’t make a hasty decision, take your time, and carve out a career that’s right for you!

Careers Related to Carpenter

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is a Carpenter?

Those pursuing a career as carpenters are skilled woodworkers who specialize in constructing and repairing buildings, furniture, and other structures or items made from wood. It is an incredibly versatile profession that requires a deep understanding of the properties of different types of wood, along with keen problem-solving skills.

What does it take to be a Carpenter?

To become a carpenter, an individual must be passionate about working with wood and have the necessary technical knowledge. A strong background in mathematics is helpful, as it is used frequently when measuring and cutting wood pieces that will eventually fit together perfectly. Additionally, manual dexterity is incredibly important for those looking to pursue carpentry.

What are the rewards of being a Carpenter?

Carpenters have the opportunity to create a wide variety of beautiful and functional items that can be enjoyed by many. This profession also offers a great deal of job security, as carpenters are always in demand for repairs or construction projects. Finally, carpentry is an incredibly rewarding career path as it provides individuals with a chance to work with their hands and use their creativity.

Ajoke Aminu

About the Author

Read more articles by Ajoke Aminu