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How to Become a Broadcast Technician

By Anita Akpuoforba

Published:

Starting a career as a broadcast technician means entering a field where technology and creativity combine to make media come alive. In this dynamic industry, you’ll require a good deal of technical know-how and problem-solving abilities, which makes broadcast technicians highly respected behind-the-scenes experts in broadcasting.

Here’s everything you need to know to begin and succeed in this career. 

Career Summary

Broadcast Technician Salary

Broadcast Technician Salary

The average broadcast technician salary is $56,000 per year for professionals in the United States, as reported by Glassdoor.

A breakdown of the salary can be seen below:

  • Entry Salary (US$43k)
  • Median Salary (US$56k)
  • Executive Salary (US$72k)

Compared with US citizens’ general average income, a broadcast technician salary is slightly lower. However, there is the possibility of earning more via bonuses, commissions, and travel allowances. Additionally, working in a metropolitan area would also guarantee higher pay.

What does a Broadcast Technician do?

A broadcast technician is responsible for setting up, operating, and maintaining broadcasting equipment, ensuring seamless audio and visual quality during live broadcasts or recordings. They also troubleshoot technical issues in real-time, quickly identifying and resolving equipment malfunctions or signal interruptions to prevent on-air disruptions.

Furthermore, their work requires them to work closely with various teams, including directors, producers, camera operators, and audio engineers, to execute broadcast plans seamlessly.

Broadcast Technician Career Progression

  • Entry-Level Technician: Entry-level technicians are typically responsible for foundational tasks such as setting up and maintaining cameras and microphones.
  • Broadcast Technician: They take on more active roles that involve operating and maintaining complex broadcast equipment, monitoring audio and video feeds, and assisting with live broadcasts and recordings. They also troubleshoot technical issues that may arise during broadcasts and collaborate with producers and directors.
  • Senior Broadcast Technician: They are the go-to for all the complex aspects of live broadcasting. They also train junior technicians and provide technical support for complex projects, ensuring the smooth execution of broadcasts.
  • Broadcast Engineer: Broadcast engineers have a specialized role. They design and implement broadcast systems, manage and maintain transmission equipment, and oversee technical staff.
  • Chief Broadcast Engineer/Technical Director: They head the technical department, plan and execute major broadcasts, and manage budgets and resources.
Broadcast Technician Career Progression

Pros and Cons of Working as a Broadcast Technician

Pros:

  • Opportunity to work in the dynamic and creative field of media.
  • Exposure to cutting-edge broadcast technology.
  • Collaboration with talented professionals in the industry.
  • Contribution to delivering news, entertainment, and information to audiences.

Cons:

  • Irregular and long working hours, including weekends and holidays.
  • Pressure to resolve technical issues during live broadcasts.
  • Physically demanding work, including lifting and setup.
  • Limited job security due to changes in the media industry.

Useful Skills to Have as a Broadcast Technician

  • Technical proficiency with broadcast equipment and software.
  • Problem-solving and troubleshooting skills.
  • Communication and teamwork abilities.
  • Adaptability to handle rapidly changing situations.
  • Attention to detail and precision in signal management.

 Popular Broadcast Technician Specialties

  • Audio Technician
  • Video Technician
  • Transmission Engineer
  • Maintenance Technician
  • Production Technician

How to become a Broadcast Technician

Broadcast Technician 3 Steps to Career

Education

Do I Need a Degree to Become a Broadcast Technician?

Of all the options to choose from when pursuing a career in broadcasting, being a broadcast technician stands out as one of the few that does not require a proper university education. However, if you opt out of getting a broadcasting degree, you would have to gain the required knowledge via a vocational or technical school.

  • Studying at a University

Universities offer bachelor’s degree programs in fields like communications and media, broadcast/communications technology, media production, or related disciplines like electrical engineering and telecommunication engineering. These programs provide a comprehensive education that includes theory, practical skills, and a broader academic perspective.

Obtaining a university degree typically involves a four-year commitment. The associated expenses, however, depend on whether you choose a public or private university. Public universities generally range from $8,000 to $20,000 in annual costs, whereas private universities can be considerably higher, ranging from $30,000 to $55,000.

  • Studying at a Vocational or Technical School

Vocational or technical schools typically offer shorter, more focused programs like audio and video production and broadcast technology that concentrate on practical skills and hands-on training. These programs often result in a diploma or certificate, depending on the course you choose.

It costs an average of $18,000 to study at a vocational or technical school, which is within the same range as the annual university fee for a broadcasting degree. The learning process spans a few months to two years, and some vocational schools offer job placement services to help graduates find employment after completing their training.

  • Differences Between Studying at a University and a Vocational/Technical School
Infographic Broadcast Technician

To aid you in making a decision on which educational path to pick from, we have placed the necessary information in a tabular format.

License and Certification

While generally not required by employers, opting to have a certification can significantly enhance one’s prospects when seeking employment as a broadcast technician. Certification serves as an assurance to employers that the technician adheres to specific industry standards and remains well-versed in the latest technologies.

For those interested in pursuing one, the Society of Broadcast Engineers provides a range of options, including operator-level, engineering-level, broadcast networking, and specialist certifications. Additionally, the Audiovisual and Integrated Experience Association offers the versatile Certified Technology Specialist (CTS) credential alongside the design CTS and installation CTS variations. All three certifications remain valid for a duration of three years.

Can I Become a Broadcast Technician Through Online Education?

Yes, you can become a broadcast technician through online education. Many educational institutions offer online programs covering audio production, video editing, equipment operation, and broadcasting technology.

To pursue this career path online, you’ll need to enroll in online degree programs, take virtual courses and workshops, join online communities, and gain practical experience by volunteering at local radio or TV stations.

Web Resources to Learn Skills to Become a Broadcast Technician

The resources below cater to different learning preferences and skill levels, making it easier to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for a career as a broadcast technician or another career in broadcasting. Some may offer free content, while others may require payment or offer free trials.

  • Skillshare: Skillshare is a platform that offers a variety of creative courses, including audio engineering, recording techniques, sound design, and more.
  • Society of Broadcast Engineers (SBE): SBE is a professional organization for broadcast engineers. They provide educational resources and training programs to help individuals gain expertise in the field of broadcast technology.
  • Online Communities: Online communities like Reddit have dedicated subreddits where professionals and enthusiasts discuss broadcasting topics. You can ask questions, share experiences, and learn from others in these communities.
  • Blogs and Articles: Websites like Pro Sound Web and Broadcast Bridge publish articles, reviews, and tutorials on audio and broadcasting technology. These resources can help you stay updated on industry trends.
  • Software tools: Software tools like OBS Studio, and DaVinci Resolve are essential for audio and video editing, recording, and live-streaming. They are valuable for hands-on practice and experimentation.

Practical Experience

What Internship Opportunities Are Available for a Broadcast Technician?

Here are some common internship opportunities for aspiring broadcast technicians:

  • Audio Technician Intern: Works on audio equipment setup and operation, ensuring high-quality sound during broadcasts or recordings.
  • Audio Editor Intern: Works on post-production tasks, editing, and enhancing audio recordings.
  • Video Technician Intern: Manages video equipment and ensures smooth video signal transmission and quality.
  • Camera Operator Intern: Operates cameras during broadcasts or recordings, capturing high-quality video.
  • Video Editor Intern: Edits and assembles video footage, adding effects and graphics to create polished content.
  • Lighting Technician Intern: Sets up and adjusts lighting equipment for optimal visual quality.
  • Field Operations Intern: Participates in on-location shoots and field production, assisting with equipment setup and logistics.

To find internship opportunities, check with your local television and radio stations, reach out to educational institutions, browse online job boards, and network within the broadcasting industry.

It’s important to tailor the internship search to your specific interests within broadcast technology, whether that’s in audio engineering, video production, live broadcasting, or other areas.

What Skills Will I Learn as a Broadcast Technician?

As a broadcast technician, you will acquire a range of skills related to the technical aspects of broadcasting and media production. These skills are essential for ensuring the smooth operation of broadcasting equipment and delivering high-quality content.

Here are some of the key skills you can expect to learn:

  • Video Production: This skill involves operating cameras, lighting, and video equipment, as well as framing shots and capturing video content effectively for broadcasting.
  • Broadcast Equipment Operation: You’ll become proficient in using various technical equipment, such as switchers, routers, and transmitters, to manage and control broadcasting processes.
  • Signal Processing and Transmission: You’ll gain knowledge in encoding, decoding, and transmitting audio and video signals to ensure they reach viewers with optimal quality.
  • Audio Production: You’ll learn how to capture and process high-quality sound for broadcasts, including setting up microphones, mixing audio sources, and ensuring clear, balanced sound.
  • Editing and Post-Production: This skill covers the process of editing recorded content, adding graphics, and enhancing visuals and audio in post-production to create polished broadcasts.
  • Troubleshooting and Problem-Solving: You’ll develop the ability to identify and resolve technical issues quickly, ensuring broadcasts run smoothly without interruptions.
  • Cable and Wiring Management: Learn how to organize and manage cables, wires, and connections efficiently to maintain a neat and functional broadcast setup.
  • Broadcast Standards and Regulations: Understand industry standards and government regulations related to broadcasting, ensuring compliance with legal and quality requirements.
  • Team Collaboration: Work effectively within broadcasting teams, coordinating with directors, producers, and fellow technicians to deliver cohesive broadcasts.
  • Organization and Attention to Detail: Maintain an organized workflow and pay meticulous attention to detail to ensure the precision and accuracy of broadcasts.

What is the Work-Life Balance of a Broadcast Technician?

The work-life balance of a broadcast technician can vary depending on the specific job, the employer, and the industry. However, in general, broadcast technicians often work long hours, including nights, weekends, and holidays. This is because broadcast organizations need to operate 24/7, and broadcast technicians are responsible for keeping the equipment and systems running smoothly.

Some broadcast technicians may also be required to travel for their jobs, especially if they work for a network or streaming service. Additionally, broadcast technicians may be required to work overtime, especially during busy times such as news events or sports broadcasts.

However, there are also some broadcast technician jobs that offer a better work-life balance. For example, broadcast technicians who work for small, local stations may have more regular hours and fewer travel requirements. Furthermore, some broadcast technicians may be able to work remotely or on a flexible schedule.

Ultimately, the work-life balance of a broadcast technician can be challenging, but it is also possible to find a job that offers a good balance between work and personal life.

What’s the Career Outlook for Broadcast Technicians?

The demand for broadcast technicians is expected to remain strong, due to the continued growth of the broadcast industry. The industry is expanding to include new platforms, such as streaming services and online video, which require broadcast technicians to operate and maintain the necessary equipment and systems.

In addition, the demand for broadcast technicians is expected to increase as broadcasters adopt new technologies, such as high-definition television and 4K television. These technologies require more specialized skills, which can be obtained through training or education programs.

Based on this, the career outlook for broadcast technicians in the United States is predicted to increase by approximately 2% from 2022 to 2032, aligning with the average growth rate observed across all occupations. On average, there would be approximately 12,900 job openings for broadcast technicians each year over the span of a decade.

Broadcast Technician Popular Career Specialties

What are the Job Opportunities for a Broadcast Technician?

Broadcast technicians have a range of job opportunities within the broadcasting and media production industry. These opportunities may vary depending on factors such as location, type of media organization, and specialization.

Here are some common job opportunities for broadcast technicians:

  • Broadcast Engineer: Design and maintain broadcasting systems, troubleshoot technical issues, and oversee equipment installation and upgrades.
  • Camera Operator: Operate cameras during live broadcasts, recordings, or events to capture high-quality video footage.
  • Video Editor: Edit video footage, add graphics, effects, and transitions to create polished and engaging content.
  • Audio Technician: Manage audio equipment and ensure clear and high-quality audio during broadcasts or recordings.
  • Lighting Technician: Set up and adjust lighting equipment to achieve the desired visual effects and lighting conditions.
  • Master Control Operator: Manage the broadcast schedule, monitor signal quality, and ensure that programs air as planned.
  • Technical Director: Oversee technical aspects of live broadcasts and make real-time decisions on camera switches, graphics, and visual effects.
  • Broadcast Maintenance Technician: Maintain and repair broadcasting equipment, perform routine maintenance, and troubleshoot technical issues.
  • Media Production Assistant: Assist in various production tasks, including equipment setup, logistics, and coordination.
  • Field Operations Technician: Work on-location during live broadcasts, events, or remote shoots, ensuring technical setup and support.

What Types of Companies Hire a Broadcast Technician?

Broadcast technicians are employed by a variety of companies and organizations in the broadcasting and media production industry:

  • Local Television Stations: Many local TV stations hire broadcast technicians to assist with camera operation, audio setup, video editing, and live broadcasts.
  • Radio Stations: Radio stations employ broadcast technicians who specialize in audio production, sound engineering, and broadcasting. They operate soundboards, recording equipment, and radio broadcast systems.
  • Production Companies: Video production companies often hire broadcast technicians to work on various projects. They are responsible for camera operation, video editing, and equipment setup, ensuring high-quality video production.
  • Newsrooms: News organizations, whether local or national, employ broadcast technicians interested in broadcast journalism. These professionals handle news production, camera operation, and technical aspects of news reporting.
  • Cable and Satellite Providers: Companies that offer cable or satellite TV services hire broadcast technicians to manage broadcast technology, including satellite dish installation and maintenance.
  • Online Media Companies: Online media companies, including streaming services and digital content producers, seek broadcast technicians with expertise in online broadcasting technology.
  • Broadcast Equipment Manufacturers: Manufacturers of broadcasting equipment hire broadcast technicians for roles related to product testing, quality control, and technical support. These professionals ensure the functionality and reliability of broadcasting equipment.

Tips to Advance Your Career as a Broadcast Technician

Advancing a career as a broadcast technician involves gaining experience, acquiring specialized skills, and taking on more responsibilities.

Here are steps to advance in this field:

  • Master Specialized Equipment: Become proficient in operating advanced broadcasting equipment, such as high-definition cameras, audio mixers, and video editing software. Specialized skills make you an asset in your field.
  • Networking: Build a professional network within the broadcasting industry. Attend industry events, join relevant associations, and connect with colleagues. Networking can lead to job opportunities and collaborations.
  • Build a Portfolio: Create a portfolio of your best work, including video clips, audio samples, and projects you’ve contributed to. A strong portfolio can impress potential employers.
  • Consider Specializations: Explore specialized roles within broadcasting, such as video editing, audio production, or broadcast engineering. Focusing on a niche can lead to higher-paying positions.
  • Seek Leadership Opportunities: Look for chances to take on leadership roles or supervisory positions within your organization. This demonstrates your ability to manage teams and projects effectively.

Should I become a Broadcast Technician?

This profession places a heavy emphasis on possessing technical expertise and staying up-to-date with the ever-evolving landscape of broadcasting technology and software to remain competitive. Hence, you must do some self-reflection to check if tinkering with audio and visual interests you, and if you’re open to continuous learning due to rapid change of technology.

However, it’s important to recognize that personal interest alone isn’t sufficient. You must also consider the potential challenges that come with the job, such as irregular working hours, extended periods on your feet, and the possibility of traveling to remote or even conflict-prone areas for broadcasting assignments.

Once you’ve conducted a thorough self-reflection and feel undaunted by the demands of the profession, you can begin exploring educational and training programs that will equip you with the skills and knowledge needed for success in this dynamic field. It’s an exciting career for those who are passionate about it, but it’s essential to be well-prepared for the journey ahead.

Careers Related to Broadcast Technician

  • Audio Engineer
  • Multimedia Artist and Animator
  • Technical Support
  • Video Producer

Anita Akpuoforba

About the Author

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