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How to Become an Audio Engineer

By Ajoke Aminu


Do you dream of working behind the scenes, shaping the audio experience for recordings and live performances? If so, this article will guide you to become an audio engineer. Audio engineering is a creative field that requires a broad range of technical skills, and you can learn the knowledge and resources to turn your passion into a rewarding career in the music industry here.

Career Summary

Audio Engineer Salary

Audio Engineer Salary

If you believe an audio engineer salary is merely average, think again! In reality, the income of an audio engineer can fluctuate based on factors like experience, location, industry, and responsibilities. Nevertheless, the audio engineer salary range usually provides a comfortable living.

  • Entry Salary (US$52k)
  • Median Salary (US$55k)
  • Executive Salary (US$88k)

Considering the information, an audio engineer salary is a mid-range income in comparison to the national average earnings of U.S. citizens.

What does an Audio Engineer do?

An audio engineer is a professional responsible for recording, manipulating, and reproducing sound. They work in various industries, including music production, film, television, radio, live events, and multimedia. The primary role of an audio engineer is to capture, mix, and master audio recordings to achieve the desired sound quality and aesthetic. They work with various audio equipment, software, and technologies to achieve this, including microphones, mixing consoles, digital audio workstations (DAWs), signal processors, and audio plugins.

Audio Engineer Career Progression

  • Audio Technician: Entry-level position responsible for basic sound setup, equipment operation, and support for audio professionals.
  • Audio Engineer: Building on technician experience, audio engineers take on more advanced tasks like mixing, recording, and handling sound for various events and productions.
  • Sound Designer: Some audio engineers choose to specialize in sound design, which involves creating and manipulating sound elements for specific artistic or entertainment purposes, such as theater, film, or gaming.
  • Audio Supervisor/Lead Audio Engineer: With additional experience and expertise, individuals can move into roles where they oversee sound teams, coordinate sound setups for complex events, and ensure high-quality audio production.
  • Production Manager: Transitioning into production management, individuals manage the entire production process, including sound, and may be responsible for organizing and executing events, shows, or projects.
Audio Engineer Career Progression

Pros and Cons of Working as an Audio Engineer


  • Creative expression through sound.
  • Working with talented musicians, artists, and creative professionals.
  • Continuous learning and staying up-to-date with technology.
  • Opportunities for diverse projects and genres.
  • The satisfaction of producing high-quality audio that resonates with audiences.


  • Irregular or long working hours, including nights and weekends for live events.
  • High-pressure situations and tight deadlines.
  • Physically demanding setups and equipment handling.
  • Competitive nature of the industry.
  • Challenges in finding steady employment or clients for freelancers.

Important Skills an Audio Engineer Must Have

  • Proficiency in digital audio workstations (DAWs).
  • Strong knowledge of sound theory, acoustics, and signal flow.
  • Attention to detail and critical listening skills.
  • Problem-solving and troubleshooting abilities.
  • Communication and collaboration skills for working with artists and production teams.

Popular Audio Engineer Specialties

  • Recording Studio Engineer
  • Live Sound Engineer
  • Post-Production Engineer
  • Broadcast Engineer
  • Sound Designer

How to become an Audio Engineer

Audio Engineer 3 Steps to Career

Audio engineering is a complex and dynamic field that requires a specific set of skills and knowledge. Let’s explore the essential steps and skills required to become an audio engineer, providing valuable insights and guidance to kickstart your interest in sound engineering. By the end of this article, you will understand education, practical experience, and portfolio development as you pursue your career in audio engineering.

Key Elements of an Audio Engineer’s Education

Extensive learning is vital to an audio engineer, considering you intend to become an expert in capturing and manipulating sound to create a perfect recording or broadcast. More importantly, an audio engineering education must cover all the necessary elements of this profession. Many employers and clients prefer audio engineers with formal education and training in audio engineering or a related discipline.

Moreover, if you’re keen on pursuing a career as an audio engineer from a young age, consider taking relevant courses during high school or for your GED, as they are the minimum requirements. Courses like communications, information technology, and electronics lay a strong foundation for your future aspirations.

In addition to the rewarding audio engineer salary, and considering this profession is ranked among the top 15 music degree jobs, dedicating the extra effort to pursue this degree can prove to be worthwhile in the end. A degree program provides a structured curriculum that covers technical aspects, hands-on experience, and theoretical knowledge.

However, it is worth noting that practical experience and a strong portfolio can also play a crucial role in establishing yourself as an audio engineer. Although a degree can provide a structured education, it is through hands-on experience that you truly refine your skills and showcase your abilities.

Here is a concise list of the key elements in an audio engineer’s education:

  • Music Production
  • Recording Techniques
  • Digital Audio Workstations (DAWs)
  • Sound Design
  • Hands-on Experience.

Importance of an Audio Engineering Degree | Including the Timeline & Cost

Obtaining a Bachelor of Science in Audio Engineering can bring several advantages to aspiring professionals in the field. Employers and clients often value the comprehensive education and training that a degree offers. It can enhance your credibility, open up better career opportunities, and provide a solid foundation for your audio engineering career.

The duration of a degree program in audio engineering varies depending on the type of program and educational institution. An associate degree in audio engineering typically takes two years to complete, providing a focused and comprehensive education in the field. On the other hand, a bachelor’s degree in audio engineering typically requires four years of study, offering a more extensive curriculum that covers a broader range of topics and provides a deeper understanding of the subject matter.

Furthermore, the specific curriculum, course load, and any additional internships or co-op experiences can influence the duration of the program. It’s important to research different educational institutions and their program requirements to determine the length of study that best aligns with your goals, resources, and budget.

Talking about finances, as of 2023, the average undergraduate tuition and fees for the Audio Engineering Technology/Technician program are US$17,786 for state residents and US$54,104 for out-of-state students. These figures reflect the costs associated with pursuing this program and may vary depending on the specific educational institution and its tuition structure. It’s important to consider these expenses when planning for your education in audio engineering and to explore financial aid options or scholarships that may be available to help offset the costs.

Can I Become an Audio Engineer Through Online Education?

Yes, it is possible to become an audio engineer through online education. Online learning platforms and resources can provide you with the necessary knowledge and skills to pursue a career in audio engineering. Even though online resources can be valuable for learning audio engineering skills, it’s important to complement your education with hands-on experience and practical application of the concepts you learn. Networking with professionals, attending workshops or conferences, and gaining real-world experience can further enhance your development as an audio engineer.

Here are some web resources to learn skills to become an audio engineer:

  • SoundGym: SoundGym is an online platform that provides interactive audio training and ear training exercises. It offers a gamified learning experience, helping you develop critical listening skills, audio processing techniques, and sound design abilities.
  • Recording Revolution: Recording Revolution is a popular website with a vast collection of tutorials, articles, and resources focused on home recording and audio engineering. It covers topics ranging from setting up a home studio to mixing and mastering techniques.
  • Pro Audio Files: Pro Audio Files is a website that offers a wealth of articles, tutorials, and interviews with industry professionals. It covers various aspects of audio engineering, including recording techniques, mixing tips, and gear reviews.
  • Pro Tools First: Provides a free version of Pro Tools, a professional audio recording and editing software, along with tutorials and guides.
  • Pensado’s Place YouTube Channel: Features interviews with top audio engineers and producers, offering insights into the industry.
  • The Audio Engineering Society (AES): Provides resources, webinars, and events related to audio engineering and technology.

Gain Audio Engineering Insights Through Practical Learning

Balancing academic learning with practical application is key to becoming a well-rounded and competitive audio engineer. Immersive learning is one of the most fascinating approaches to education, especially for those passionate about audio engineering. If you’ve ever wondered, “what is an audio engineer?” or considered pursuing a career in this field, immersive learning, through internship opportunities, could be the perfect fit for you.

Internship Opportunities for an Audio Engineer

Internships are valuable opportunities for audio engineering students or aspiring professionals to gain practical experience and industry exposure. Aside from the options below, it’s equally important to research and reach out to local studios, companies, and organizations in your area to inquire about internship opportunities. Networking, attending industry events, and connecting with professionals in the audio engineering field can also lead to internship opportunities.

Here are some common audio engineering internship opportunities:

  • Recording Studios: Many recording studios offer internships, allowing individuals to learn about studio operations, assist with recording sessions, and gain hands-on experience with various audio equipment and software.
  • Live Sound Companies: Interning with live sound companies provides the chance to work on live events, concerts, and performances. This allows interns to learn about setting up sound systems, troubleshooting audio issues, and operating mixing consoles in real-time.
  • Broadcasting Stations: Radio stations, television networks, and other broadcasting outlets often provide internships for audio engineering students. Interns may assist with audio production, editing, and broadcasting tasks.
  • Post-Production Facilities: Interning at post-production facilities, such as those involved in film, television, or gaming, can offer experience in sound design, Foley recording, dialogue editing, and mixing for multimedia projects.
  • Music Production Companies: Interning with music production companies allows individuals to learn about music production processes, assist with recording sessions, and gain insights into the music industry.

14 Audio Engineer Skills That Will Help You Stand Out

As an audio engineer, you will acquire diverse skills to excel in your profession. These skills will enable you to excel in the dynamic and creative field of audio engineering, whether you’re working in music production, film, broadcasting, or other audio-related industries.

Here’s a concise list of skills you’ll learn:

  • Recording Techniques: Master the art of capturing high-quality audio recordings in various settings, including studios and live events.
  • Mixing: Blend and balance individual audio tracks to create a cohesive and appealing sound.
  • Mastering: Fine-tune and enhance audio tracks to achieve a polished, professional sound.
  • Sound Design: Craft and manipulate audio to create unique and immersive sonic experiences commonly used in film, gaming, and multimedia.
  • Digital Audio Workstations (DAWs): Proficiently use software like Pro Tools, Logic Pro, or Ableton Live to edit and arrange audio.
  • Signal Processing: Employ audio effects, equalization, compression, and other processing techniques to shape and enhance sound.
  • Microphone Techniques: Understand and apply various microphone types and placement methods for optimal recording results.
  • Live Sound Engineering: Operate sound systems and equipment for live events, concerts, and performances.
  • Troubleshooting: Diagnose and resolve technical issues related to audio equipment and software.
  • Ear Training: Develop critical listening skills to identify and correct audio imperfections.
  • Communication: Effectively communicate with clients, musicians, and production teams to meet artistic and technical goals.
  • Time Management: Efficiently manage recording and production schedules to meet deadlines.
  • Adaptability: Stay updated with evolving technology and industry trends to remain competitive in the field.
  • Problem-Solving: Develop the ability to address unexpected challenges that may arise during recording sessions or live events.

Tips for Managing Workload and Personal Well-being as an Audio Engineer

To maintain a healthy work-life balance as an audio engineer, it’s important to consider your personal and professional goals and nurture your physical and mental well-being alongside your career. The work-life balance of an audio engineer can vary depending on individual circumstances and the specific job or project at hand.

Here are some factors that can influence the work-life balance of an audio engineer:

  • Project-Based Work: Audio engineers often work on project-based assignments, which can vary in terms of duration and workload. During intense periods such as recording sessions or live events, the workload may be demanding and require long hours.
  • Freelance vs. Full-Time Employment: Some audio engineers work as freelancers, which allows for more flexibility in terms of scheduling and project selection. However, freelancers may also experience fluctuations in workload and income. Others may work full-time for studios, production companies, or in-house positions, which can provide more stability in terms of scheduling and work hours.
  • Travel and Touring: Audio engineers working with touring artists or bands may have to travel extensively, which can impact their work-life balance. Touring schedules can involve being on the road for extended periods, working long hours during shows, and limited personal time.

What’s the Career Outlook for Audio Engineers?

The career outlook for audio engineers is generally positive, with opportunities available in various industries. As technology advances and the demand for high-quality audio production grows, the need for skilled audio engineers remains steady.

On average, BLS projects approximately 12,900 annual job openings for broadcast, sound, and video technicians, including audio engineers, over the next decade. This projection suggests a growth rate of 2%  from 2022 to 2032, aligning with the average growth rate across all occupations. This indicates a steady demand for skilled professionals, presenting opportunities for aspiring audio engineers to enter and thrive in the industry.

With the rise of streaming platforms, podcasts, and online content, the demand for audio engineers with expertise in these areas is increasing. Additionally, the gaming industry offers opportunities for audio engineers in sound design and interactive audio development. Overall, the career outlook for audio engineers remains promising, particularly for those who are adaptable, continuously learning, and have a passion for audio production.

Audio Engineer Popular Career Specialties

20 Valuable Job Opportunities in the Audio Engineering Sphere

Audio engineers have a range of job opportunities in various industries where sound plays a crucial role. These opportunities highlight the versatility of the audio engineering profession, allowing individuals to choose a career path that aligns with their interests and expertise.

Here are some common career paths and job opportunities for audio engineers:

  • Recording Engineer: Work in recording studios to capture and produce music, voiceovers, podcasts, and more.
  • Live Sound Engineer: Operate sound systems and equipment for live events, concerts, theaters, and conferences.
  • Mixing Engineer: Specialize in the art of balancing and enhancing audio tracks to create polished, professional recordings.
  • Mastering Engineer: Focus on the final stage of audio production, fine-tuning tracks for distribution and ensuring consistency across an album.
  • Sound Designer: Create and manipulate audio for film, television, video games, and immersive experiences, adding depth and realism.
  • Foley Artist: Generate custom sound effects for movies and television by creatively mimicking real-world sounds.
  • Broadcast Engineer: Ensure the quality of audio in radio and television broadcasts, including live shows, news, and sports events.
  • Post-Production Engineer: Edit, mix, and enhance audio for post-production work in film, TV, and video.
  • Game Audio Engineer: Design and implement audio elements for video games, enhancing the gaming experience.
  • Acoustic Consultant: Assess and optimize the acoustic qualities of spaces, such as concert halls, theaters, and recording studios.
  • Educator or Trainer: Share your expertise by teaching audio engineering in schools, colleges, or as a private instructor.
  • Sound Technician: Handle audio equipment, including setup, maintenance, and troubleshooting, in various settings.
  • Podcast Producer: Oversee the production, editing, and sound design of podcast episodes.
  • Audio Software Developer: Contribute to the development of audio software and plugins used in the industry.
  • Freelance Audio Engineer: Work independently, offering your services for various projects, including music production, live events, and more.
  • Audiobook Producer: Record, edit, and produce audiobooks for authors and publishers.
  • Audio Restoration Specialist: Restore and repair old or damaged audio recordings, preserving historical or valuable content.
  • Studio Manager: Oversee the daily operations of a recording studio, including scheduling, equipment maintenance, and staff coordination.
  • Radio Production: Create and produce radio shows, jingles, and commercials for broadcasting.
  • Touring Sound Engineer: Travel with musical bands or artists to manage their live sound during tours.

Types of Companies that Hire Audio Engineers

  • Recording Studios
  • Live Event Production Companies
  • Film and TV Production Companies
  • Radio Stations
  • Music Production Companies
  • Video Game Development Studios
  • Theater and Performing Arts Venues
  • Advertising Agencies
  • Streaming Platforms
  • Audiobook Publishers
  • Acoustic Consulting Firms
  • Audio Equipment Manufacturers
  • Media Production Houses
  • Sound and Music Technology Companies
  • Museums and Exhibitions

Should I become a Audio Engineer?

If you’re someone who has a passion for technology, sound, and music, audio engineering could be an excellent career option for you. However, before you make a decision, it’s important to consider all the key points that have been discussed in this article, including the nature of the audio engineering field, the skills required, and the potential salary range.

Additionally, make your decision based on a combination of the information provided, your interests and skills, and your long-term goals. By doing so, you can set yourself on a fulfilling path in the dynamic and creative world of audio engineering.

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Ajoke Aminu

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