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15 Most Common Physical Therapist Interview Questions and Answers

By Sherice Jacob

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Whether you’re a seasoned professional or just stepping into the field, these physical therapist interview questions and answers will offer insights into what hiring managers typically look for, helping you to confidently articulate your expertise and stand out among other candidates. From assessing your technical skills to exploring your patient interaction approach, we’ve got you covered! 


What qualities and skills are hiring managers looking for in a Physical Therapist?

  • Clinical Competence

First and foremost, hiring managers look for a strong understanding and execution of physical therapy techniques and methodologies. This also includes staying updated with the latest research and technologies in the field.

  • Interpersonal Skills

Physical therapy is about more than just treatment; it’s about building relationships with patients. A good physical therapist should have excellent communication skills and be able to empathize with patients, understanding their concerns and explaining treatments in a simple, compassionate way.

  • Problem-Solving Abilities

Physical therapists encounter a wide variety of patients with unique conditions and challenges. Hiring managers value therapists who can think critically and creatively to devise effective, personalized treatment plans.

  • Physical Stamina and Dexterity

Given the physical nature of the work, physical therapists need to be fit and have good coordination. They often spend a lot of time on their feet and need to be able to demonstrate or assist with exercises.

  • Professionalism and Ethical Responsibility

Hiring managers seek individuals who display a strong sense of ethics and professionalism. This includes respecting patient privacy, maintaining accurate records, and adhering to the standards and guidelines of the profession.


15 Most Common Physical Therapist Interview Questions and Answers

1. Tell us about yourself and your experience in the field of Physical Therapy.

This question is a way for hiring managers to get a snapshot of who you are, both personally and professionally. They’re interested in understanding your background, your journey into physical therapy, and the experiences and skills that you bring to the table.

Do’s

  • Start by giving a brief background of your education and how you came to choose physical therapy.
  • Talk about key experiences or roles that have shaped your skills and understanding in the field.
  • Discuss specific skills or areas of expertise that set you apart.
  • Conclude with your current situation and why you’re interested in the role.

Don’ts

  • Don’t provide an overly detailed personal history that doesn’t relate to the job.
  • Avoid getting sidetracked or going off on tangents.
  • Don’t speak negatively about past employers or experiences.
  • Avoid undervaluing your experiences or achievements.

Sample Answer:

“I’ve always had a passion for healthcare and helping others, which led me to pursue a degree in physical therapy. During my studies at XYZ University, I became particularly interested in pediatric therapy, which eventually led me to my first job at ABC Children’s Hospital. Here, I honed my skills in designing and implementing therapeutic regimens for children with a variety of conditions.

My most recent role at DEF Therapy Center allowed me to further refine my expertise, particularly in manual therapy techniques and patient education. Here, I worked with a diverse patient population, which has given me a well-rounded perspective and skill set.”

2. Why did you choose to become a Physical Therapist, and what motivates you in this profession?

This question is intended to discern your passion and commitment for physical therapy. Hiring managers want to understand your motivations and whether you view this as a long-term career or a temporary job.

Do’s

  • Highlight your passion for the field and helping people.
  • Talk about any personal experiences that led you to this career.
  • Discuss aspects of the job that inspire you or provide fulfillment.
  • Show enthusiasm for continuous learning and growth in the profession.

Don’ts

  • Don’t give the impression that you chose this field for lack of better options.
  • Avoid monetary or superficial reasons as the primary motivation.
  • Don’t neglect to mention the gratification derived from aiding patients’ recovery.
  • Avoid giving generic answers; make it personal and unique.

Sample Answer:

“I was initially drawn to physical therapy after seeing the significant impact it had on my grandmother’s recovery after her stroke. Witnessing her journey from struggle to regain movement to eventually walking again was incredibly inspiring.

What truly motivates me in this profession is the ability to help patients regain their independence and improve their quality of life. Every patient’s progress, big or small, reminds me why I chose this field—it’s about making a tangible difference.”

3. What are you looking for in your next position?

This question helps the hiring manager gauge whether your career goals and expectations align with what the position and their organization can offer. They’re interested in your ambitions, your fit within their team, and if the role will satisfy your professional growth.

Sample Answer:

  • Be specific about the professional growth or experiences you’re looking to gain.
  • Align your goals with the company’s mission or the specific job role.
  • Show enthusiasm for the opportunity the position presents.
  • Mention how you can contribute to the team or the organization.

Don’ts

  • Don’t make it all about what the company can do for you; show what you can offer them as well.
  • Avoid mentioning unrelated or irrelevant aspirations.
  • Don’t give the impression that this job is just a stepping stone for a different career path.
  • Avoid being vague; provide concrete examples of what you’re looking for.

Sample Answer:

“In my next role, I’m looking for a position where I can continue to grow and challenge myself. I’m particularly interested in working with a diverse patient population to broaden my skills and perspectives. I’ve noticed your clinic works with patients across all age groups and with a variety of conditions, which aligns perfectly with what I seek.”

4. Can you describe a time when you had to handle a challenging situation at work, and how did you resolve it?

This question helps hiring managers understand how you approach challenges or conflicts in the workplace. They’re keen to know about your problem-solving skills, adaptability, resilience, and whether you can maintain a professional demeanor under pressure.

Do’s

  • Choose a genuine situation that posed a significant challenge.
  • Detail the steps you took to resolve the situation.
  • Highlight your decision-making process and problem-solving skills.
  • Discuss the outcome and what you learned from the experience.
  • Show how the experience has shaped your approach to similar situations.

Don’ts

  • Don’t blame others or avoid taking responsibility for your part in the situation.
  • Avoid vague or generic descriptions; be specific about the situation and your actions.
  • Don’t choose a situation where you didn’t take any action to resolve it.
  • Avoid portraying yourself as the sole hero; acknowledge others’ roles if applicable.

Sample Answer:

“There was a situation at my previous job where we had a patient who was not adhering to their home exercises, resulting in slow progress. This situation was particularly challenging as the patient was feeling discouraged and was considering discontinuing the therapy.

I decided to have a comprehensive conversation with the patient to understand their perspective. It turned out they were finding the exercises too complicated to perform at home. I worked on simplifying their routine and used visual aids to ensure they fully understood each exercise.

I also implemented a follow-up system where they would report their daily progress, which helped them feel more accountable. Over time, the patient became more compliant with the home exercises, and we started seeing significant improvement.”

5. Where do you see yourself in five years, and what are your long-term career goals in Physical Therapy?

Hiring managers use this question to assess your ambition, commitment to the field, and whether your future plans align with the company’s trajectory. They’re looking to understand if you’re likely to stay with the organization long-term and if there’s a clear path for your growth within the company.

Do’s

  • Discuss your professional goals in the context of physical therapy.
  • Show that you’re eager to learn, grow, and take on more responsibilities over time.
  • Align your goals with the organization’s mission or values, if possible.
  • Indicate your desire for stability and long-term engagement with the company.

Don’ts

  • Don’t mention goals unrelated to the field or the role.
  • Avoid giving the impression that you see this role as a short-term stepping stone.
  • Don’t be too vague; be specific about your aspirations.
  • Avoid suggesting unrealistic or overambitious plans that may seem insincere.

Sample Answer:

“In five years, I envision myself in a position where I’m not only treating patients but also contributing to the broader field of physical therapy. I’m particularly interested in research and advancing therapy methods, so I hope to incorporate this aspect into my role.

In terms of long-term career goals, I aim to further specialize in neurologic physical therapy. I’ve always been fascinated by the potential for recovery and adaptation in neurologic conditions, and I’d like to contribute to improving therapy approaches in this area.”

6. How do you assess a new patient’s needs and develop a tailored treatment plan? Can you walk us through your process?

This question is designed to examine your technical skills, specifically your ability to assess a patient’s condition, establish achievable goals, and develop an appropriate treatment plan. The hiring manager wants to understand your methodology, critical thinking, and patient-centered approach.

Do’s

  • Discuss how you gather information about the patient’s medical history and current condition.
  • Mention your approach to physical assessment and how it informs your treatment planning.
  • Highlight your ability to set achievable and measurable goals in collaboration with the patient.
  • Explain how you adapt treatment plans as per the patient’s progress and changing needs.
  • Show that you consider the patient’s lifestyle, preferences, and overall well-being.

Don’ts

  • Don’t give a one-size-fits-all approach; emphasize the importance of individualized treatment.
  • Avoid glossing over the importance of communication with patients and their caregivers.
  • Don’t neglect the significance of ongoing assessment and adjustment of the treatment plan.
  • Avoid suggesting that you make decisions without involving the patient in the process.

Sample Answer:

“When assessing a new patient’s needs, the first step for me is a thorough review of their medical history and a comprehensive patient interview. This includes understanding their specific concerns, pain points, lifestyle, and personal goals related to physical therapy. I believe the patient’s own perception of their situation is a crucial part of the assessment.

Following this, I conduct a detailed physical examination, using various tests to assess the patient’s mobility, strength, balance, and functional capabilities. Based on the information gathered, I create a treatment plan tailored to the patient’s specific needs and goals. This could include a combination of exercises, manual therapy, education, and modalities like heat or cold therapy.

Throughout the treatment process, I continually assess the patient’s progress and adapt the treatment plan as necessary. I also ensure to maintain open communication with the patient, updating them on their progress and adjusting the plan based on their feedback. This collaborative and adaptive approach helps ensure the treatment plan remains effective and relevant to the patient’s needs.”

7. How do you balance providing hands-on treatment and educating patients on exercises they can do at home to promote their recovery?

This question gauges your ability to balance two important aspects of physical therapy: direct treatment and patient education. The hiring manager wants to understand how you empower patients to actively participate in their recovery and how you manage time between these responsibilities.

Do’s

  • Describe how you integrate patient education into treatment sessions.
  • Show how you ensure patients understand and can correctly perform home exercises.
  • Highlight the importance you place on patient education for sustained recovery.
  • Discuss any tools or strategies you use to support patient education.
  • Show that you understand the importance of both hands-on treatment and patient’s independent work.

Don’ts

  • Don’t downplay the importance of either hands-on treatment or home exercises.
  • Avoid suggesting that you rush through patient education or don’t give it adequate time.
  • Don’t forget to mention the role of patient motivation and accountability.
  • Avoid giving a vague or generic approach; be specific about your methods.

Sample Answer:

“I believe hands-on treatment and patient education are two sides of the same coin in physical therapy; both are crucial for effective recovery. During hands-on treatment sessions, I make it a point to explain what I’m doing and why. I find that patients who understand the purpose behind each treatment are more likely to be engaged and committed.

When it comes to home exercises, I ensure that a part of each session is dedicated to demonstrating and practicing these exercises. I always check the patient’s understanding and their ability to perform the exercises correctly. I also provide them with written instructions or video demonstrations to refer back to at home.”

8. Can you discuss your experience working with different patient populations, such as athletes, the elderly, or patients with neurological disorders?

This question is meant to probe your breadth of experience, adaptability, and your ability to customize treatment plans for diverse patient needs. Hiring managers want to see if you can handle the variety of patients that you might encounter at their facility.

Do’s

  • Discuss your experiences with different patient populations in detail.
  • Show your adaptability and versatility in managing diverse patient needs.
  • Highlight any specific techniques or approaches you used for different groups.
  • Discuss any additional training or learning you pursued to better serve certain populations.
  • Show empathy and understanding towards different patient needs and challenges.

Don’ts

  • Don’t generalize or oversimplify the needs of different patient groups.
  • Avoid only discussing one patient population if you’ve worked with a variety.
  • Don’t miss the opportunity to highlight any specialty or unique skills you have.
  • Avoid neglecting to mention how these experiences have enriched your practice.

Sample Answer:

“Throughout my career, I’ve had the privilege of working with a broad spectrum of patients, each presenting unique needs and challenges. For example, while working at ABC Sports Clinic, I treated many athletes. Here, I focused on performance enhancement, injury prevention, and accelerated rehabilitation. I found that motivation was typically high with this group, but it was also crucial to manage their expectations and prevent premature return to play.

On the other hand, at DEF Rehabilitation Center, I worked extensively with elderly patients, many with conditions like osteoporosis and arthritis. Treatment plans often involved pain management, improving balance, and maintaining functional independence. Patience, clear communication, and empathy were especially important in this setting.

I also have experience with neurological disorders, specifically stroke patients, at GHI Hospital. This work involved improving motor function, promoting neuroplasticity, and enhancing quality of life. I pursued additional training in neurodevelopmental techniques to better serve this population.”

9. How do you handle non-compliant patients or those who are not making progress as expected? Can you provide an example?

This question explores your interpersonal skills, problem-solving abilities, and how you manage challenging patient scenarios. The hiring manager wants to see how you maintain professionalism, adapt treatment plans, and motivate patients who may be struggling or resistant.

Do’s

  • Talk about how you approach patient communication and relationship-building.
  • Show your problem-solving skills and how you adjust treatment plans when necessary.
  • Mention strategies you use to motivate and engage patients.
  • Provide a genuine example showcasing these abilities.
  • Highlight lessons learned from these experiences.

Don’ts

  • Don’t suggest forcing your approach without considering the patient’s perspective.
  • Avoid blaming the patient for their non-compliance or lack of progress.
  • Don’t gloss over the importance of empathy and understanding in such situations.
  • Avoid neglecting to discuss how these experiences have improved your practice.

Sample Answer:

“Managing non-compliant patients or those not making expected progress is indeed challenging, but these situations offer opportunities for creative problem-solving and improved patient engagement. One of my key strategies is open, non-judgmental communication, where I try to understand the patient’s perspective and their barriers to compliance or progress.

For instance, I had a patient recovering from a knee replacement surgery who was consistently non-compliant with his exercise program. Upon discussing, I learned he found the exercises monotonous and struggled to see their benefit.

Instead of insisting on the existing plan, I incorporated exercises relevant to his hobbies, like gardening. We worked on functional movements that would directly help him in his activities. To further motivate him, I used visual progress charts to help him see the correlation between his exercises and improvement.” 

10. Describe your experience with various therapeutic modalities, such as manual therapy, exercise prescription, or electrotherapy. Which do you find most effective and why?

This question is used to evaluate your technical knowledge, experience with different treatment modalities, and your ability to select the most appropriate treatment for different patient needs. The hiring manager wants to understand your clinical reasoning and preference for certain techniques based on their effectiveness.

Do’s

  • Detail your experience with various therapeutic modalities.
  • Share your insights on the effectiveness of different modalities.
  • Give reasons for your preference based on patient outcomes or evidence-based practice.
  • Show your ability to select the most appropriate modality based on the individual patient’s needs.
  • Discuss any additional training you have in specific modalities.

Don’ts

  • Don’t suggest that there’s a one-size-fits-all approach to treatment.
  • Avoid downplaying the value of any modality; each has its place depending on the situation.
  • Don’t neglect to mention your reasoning behind preferring certain modalities.
  • Avoid giving the impression that you’re unwilling to use certain techniques if needed.

Sample Answer:

“Throughout my career, I’ve had the opportunity to employ a range of therapeutic modalities based on each patient’s unique needs. This includes manual therapy, exercise prescription, electrotherapy, and more.

In my experience, manual therapy can be highly effective for immediate pain relief and improving joint mobility. Electrotherapy, particularly TENS, has been beneficial for pain management in several of my patients.

However, I find exercise prescription to be consistently effective across a wide range of patients. A well-designed exercise program not only helps improve strength, balance, and flexibility but also empowers patients to take an active role in their recovery. I value this aspect of patient engagement and self-management, as it often leads to better long-term outcomes.”

11. How do you maintain patient confidentiality and adhere to HIPAA regulations in your practice?

The hiring manager wants to assess your understanding and commitment to maintaining patient confidentiality and compliance with HIPAA regulations. Your ability to handle sensitive information properly is crucial to maintain trust and legal compliance in a healthcare setting.

Do’s

  • Highlight your understanding of HIPAA regulations.
  • Discuss practical measures you take to ensure patient confidentiality.
  • Show awareness of the implications of breaches and the importance of privacy in healthcare.
  • Mention any training or updates you undergo to stay current with regulations.
  • Include how you handle situations where confidentiality could be at risk.

Don’ts

  • Don’t give a generic response; specificity shows understanding.
  • Avoid giving the impression that you take these responsibilities lightly.
  • Don’t overlook the importance of ongoing learning to stay updated with changes in regulations.
  • Don’t forget to address both physical and digital data security.

Sample Answer:

“Maintaining patient confidentiality and adhering to HIPAA regulations is paramount in my practice. I ensure that all written and electronic patient records are kept secure and accessible only to authorized personnel. This means diligently logging out of computer systems, storing physical files securely, and not discussing patient information in public areas.

Moreover, when communicating patient information, I strictly adhere to the ‘minimum necessary’ principle. Only the required information is shared with the relevant parties involved in the patient’s care.

In cases where there might be a gray area, I prefer to err on the side of caution. For example, even when a close family member asks about a patient’s progress, I ensure I have the patient’s consent before sharing any information.”

12. In your opinion, what are the most important qualities for a Physical Therapist to possess? How do you demonstrate these qualities in your own practice?

This question lets the hiring manager understand your perception of an effective physical therapist and assess whether your values align with their organization’s. It also offers a chance to see if you embody these qualities in your own practice and how you reflect on your professional skills and attributes.

Do’s

  • Discuss your understanding of the crucial qualities for a physical therapist.
  • Use examples from your experience to demonstrate how you embody these qualities.
  • Show self-awareness and commitment to ongoing development of these qualities.
  • Highlight the impact of these qualities on patient outcomes and satisfaction.
  • Tie these qualities into your overall philosophy as a physical therapist.

Don’ts

  • Don’t list qualities without explaining their significance in practice.
  • Avoid suggesting that you’ve mastered everything; show a commitment to ongoing learning.
  • Don’t miss the chance to align your values with the potential employer’s.
  • Avoid giving vague examples; specificity helps the hiring manager see your qualities in action.

Sample Answer:

“I believe that some of the most crucial qualities for a physical therapist are empathy, adaptability, problem-solving ability, and strong communication skills.

Empathy allows me to understand my patients’ struggles and motivations, fostering a trustful therapeutic relationship. For instance, when working with elderly patients dealing with chronic pain, I find that empathetic listening often creates an environment of trust, enabling more effective treatment.

Adaptability is key as each patient presents unique needs and responses to treatment. I often have to adjust treatment plans, for example, when a patient is not making expected progress or when new symptoms emerge.

Problem-solving comes into play when identifying the root cause of a patient’s issues and determining the most effective treatment approach. I used this skill extensively when working with an athlete recovering from a complex shoulder injury where standard protocols were insufficient.

Communication skills tie it all together. I strive to explain treatment plans in an easy-to-understand manner and ensure patients feel comfortable expressing their concerns.”

13. How do you collaborate with other healthcare professionals, such as physicians, occupational therapists, or nurses, to ensure a comprehensive approach to patient care?

This question evaluates your ability to work as part of a multidisciplinary team, a crucial aspect in healthcare. The hiring manager wants to see your communication, collaboration, and coordination skills, and understand how you contribute to a holistic approach to patient care.

Do’s

  • Share your understanding of the importance of a multidisciplinary approach.
  • Detail how you communicate and collaborate with various healthcare professionals.
  • Provide examples of successful collaborations and their positive impact on patient outcomes.
  • Discuss any tools or systems you use to facilitate coordination of care.
  • Highlight your respect for the insights and expertise of other professionals.

Don’ts

  • Don’t downplay the role of other healthcare professionals in a patient’s care.
  • Avoid suggesting that you work in isolation or without considering the bigger picture.
  • Don’t forget to mention how this collaboration improves patient care.
  • Avoid neglecting the role of effective communication in successful collaboration.

Sample Answer:

“Collaboration with other healthcare professionals is vital to providing comprehensive, holistic care. Each professional brings unique insights and expertise to the table, and I appreciate the value of this multidisciplinary approach.

For instance, I regularly collaborate with physicians to understand the patient’s medical history and any specific precautions or contraindications for therapy. I also work closely with occupational therapists, especially when dealing with patients who need help with daily living activities. We coordinate our interventions to maximize patient independence and quality of life.”

14. Can you share an example of a particularly challenging case you have treated and the steps you took to help the patient reach their goals?

This question is designed to gauge your problem-solving skills, creativity, and clinical reasoning in challenging cases. The hiring manager wants to see how you handle complex situations, adapt treatment plans, and work towards achieving patient goals.

Do’s

  • Describe the challenging case in sufficient detail.
  • Outline the steps you took in assessing and treating the patient.
  • Discuss any adjustments you made in the treatment plan as per patient responses.
  • Highlight the patient’s progress or outcome, emphasizing your role in achieving it.
  • Reflect on what you learned from the case and how it improved your practice.

Don’ts

  • Don’t shy away from discussing challenges; they showcase your problem-solving ability.
  • Avoid technical jargon without explanation, as not all interviewers may have a clinical background.
  • Don’t neglect to mention the patient’s goals and how your treatment aimed to achieve them.
  • Avoid missing out on discussing your clinical reasoning and decision-making process.

Sample Answer:

“One particularly challenging case that stands out involved a middle-aged woman who had undergone multiple unsuccessful treatments for chronic low back pain. The patient was quite demoralized and apprehensive about physical therapy, given her past experiences.

My first step was to build trust and reassure her that we would work collaboratively towards her goal, which was to return to her active lifestyle and manage her pain effectively.

I conducted a comprehensive evaluation, and it became evident that her pain was likely multifactorial, including elements of poor posture, muscle imbalances, and psychosocial factors. I created a treatment plan addressing these aspects. This included manual therapy for immediate pain relief, targeted exercises to improve strength and flexibility, and education about posture and body mechanics.

Recognizing her apprehension, I ensured that each therapy session was adjusted according to her comfort and tolerance. Over time, I also introduced mindfulness and relaxation techniques to address the psychosocial aspect of her pain.

Seeing her make progress was rewarding, not just in terms of pain reduction but also in her confidence in managing her condition..”

15. How do you measure the effectiveness of your treatments, and how do you modify your approach when necessary to improve patient outcomes?

This question assesses your ability to evaluate the effectiveness of your treatments and adapt your approach based on patient responses. The hiring manager wants to understand your approach to patient progress tracking, decision making, and flexibility in modifying treatment plans to enhance patient outcomes.

Do’s

  • Explain the metrics or methods you use to assess treatment effectiveness.
  • Discuss how you communicate and involve the patient in tracking progress.
  • Provide examples of how you’ve modified treatment plans based on patient feedback or outcomes.
  • Highlight your use of evidence-based practice and clinical reasoning in adapting your approach.
  • Emphasize your commitment to achieving the best possible patient outcomes.

Don’ts

  • Don’t neglect to mention the patient’s perspective in assessing treatment effectiveness.
  • Avoid suggesting a rigid approach to treatment; flexibility and adaptability are key.
  • Don’t overlook the importance of evidence and research in guiding treatment modifications.
  • Avoid underestimating the role of clear communication in discussing progress and changes with patients.

Sample Answer:

“Evaluating the effectiveness of treatments is integral to my role as a physical therapist. I use a combination of objective measures, patient-reported outcomes, and observational methods. These might include range of motion measurements, functional scales, pain ratings, and observing changes in movement or function.

I also consider the patient’s perspective crucial in this process. We regularly discuss their perceived progress towards their goals and any concerns they may have. This feedback often provides valuable insights that may not be captured by objective measures alone.

When outcomes are not as expected, I’m proactive in modifying the treatment plan. For instance, if a patient is not improving their strength as anticipated, I may alter the exercise intensity, incorporate different exercises, or explore other modalities such as neuromuscular stimulation. These decisions are guided by evidence-based practice, my clinical reasoning, and always in consultation with the patient.”

Your Next Steps to Landing a Job as a Physical Therapist

Securing a role as a Physical Therapist is a rewarding step on your career path, one that requires diligence, skill, and an unwavering commitment to improving patients’ lives. As you gear up for your interview, remember that thorough preparation is the key to showcasing your capabilities.

Understand the potential interview questions and take time to reflect on your experiences, consider your unique value proposition, and prepare clear, concise responses. Draw on real-life examples to demonstrate your expertise and show your problem-solving skills, flexibility, and patient-centric approach.

Take the time to update your resume, build your network, and get tips on how to best prepare whether you’re returning to the workforce or you’re a recent graduate. Above all, your passion for caring for others is what will make you shine as an applicant.

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Sherice Jacob

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